Duchy/Kingdom in Prussia, 1660-1795

The Duchy in Prussia continued to be in dynastic union with the Duchy of Brandenburg, and the Dukes continued to reside in Berlin respectively Potsdam (Brandenburg). Brandenburg's STANDING ARMY resulted in economic hardship - texation, recruitment of soldiers and cantonment.
In 1678-1679, East Prussia was invaded by the Swedes. In 1685, in consequence of the cancellation of the Edict of Nantes by Louis XIV., c. 20,000 Huguenots emigrated, settling in the Duchy in Prussia. Further settlers from France and Switzerland arrived in 1714, Salzburg Exulants in 1732.
In 1701, Duke FRIEDRICH III. of Brandenburg was promoted KING IN PRUSSIA by Emperor Joseph I. - he could not crown him King of Brandenburg, for Brandenburg was located within the Empire. From now on, the Dukes of Brandenburg were addressed as King; although they continued to reside in Berlin respectively Potsdam (Brandenburg) and Berlin was the capital of the Hohenzollern state, the state came to be called Prussia because that was the highest territory in rank.
During the SEVEN YEARS WAR, East Prussia was occupied by Russian troops from 1758 to 1762.
The FIRST POLISH PARTITION of 1772 was of great importance to Prussia, as Brandenburg-Prussia gained WEST PRUSSIA except the cities of Danzig, Thorn and Elbing (which remained free cities until 1795). From 1772 onward, the Hohenzollern kings claimed the title KING OF PRUSSIA.
Philosopher IMMANUEL KANT taught at the University of Königsberg.

Timeline Northeast Prussia, from euronet

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on January 1st 2002, last revised on November 11th 2004

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