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First posted on September 19th 2004, last revied on March 18th 2009

for later history, see History of Poland

Poland in World War I
Congress Pld. 1890-1914
Congress Pld. 1863-1890
Congress Pld. 1830-1863
Congress Pld. 1815-1830

Historic Encyclopedias on (Congress) Poland, 1857-1915

Students' Papers : Lee, Si eun, Nations unhappy with foreign monarchs : Poland under Russia, Prussia/Germany and Austria, in Historic Encyclopedias (2009)

See also Poland in Exile

for earlier history, see History of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, 1569-1795, History of Poland until 1569

Historical Atlas, Congress Poland, Poland Page
List of Wars, Poland Page

Country Profiles Article Congress Poland from Wikipedia
Article Kongresspolen from Wikipedia German edition
Russian Poland, from GenWiki
Profiles of Poland in General :
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Poland
Links, on History Category : Congress Poland, from Wikipedia
Link Collections on Poland in General :
Clio Online, keyword Polen; German language History Portal
Virtual Library History : Poland
Historical Dictionary
Historical Maps see WHKMLA Historical Atlas Congress Poland
City maps Warsaw 1899, Krakow 1911, from Discus Media
Map : Warsaw (Brockhaus 14th edition 1896-1898), from Hic Leones
City Map : Warsaw 1887 (Meyer 5th ed.), from Hic Leones
Map : Russian Provinces of Poland (Century Dictionary and Cyclopaedic Atlas 1902), from FEEFHS
Language Map West Russia (Andrees Handatlas 6th edition 1914, posted by M. Witkam
Map : Royaume du Pologne Congress Poland; Heck, Atlas Geographique et Historique 1835), posted by M. Witkam
19th Century European Railroads : Vistula Basin, Russian Poland 1875, from euratlas
Timelines Timelines on Poland in General :
Timeline, from timelines.ws
Accounts of History Article Congress Poland from Wikipedia
Polen, Geschichte von (Poland, History of), 1793-1831, since 1831, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892 edition, in German
Accounts on the History of Poland in General :
A Brief History of Poland, from Polonia Today; The History of Poland, by Mieczyslaw Kasprzyk; Political History of Poland, by F. Kobylarz
Encyclopedia Articles Articles : Poland, Polish Literature, Archdiocese of Warsaw, Lublin, Sandomir, Kielce, Diocese of Plock, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907
Articles Russian Poland, Warsaw, Plock, Siedlce, Radom, Piotrkow, Kalisz, Lodz, Lublin, Czenstochowa, Warsaw (Government), Plock (Government), Lomza (Government), Siedlce (Gov.), Radom (Gov.), Piotrkow (Gov.), Lublin (Gov.), Kalisz (Gov.), from EB 1911
Articles Polen, Czenstochowa, Kalisch, Lodz, Lomsha, Lublin, Petrokow, Plozk, Radom, Warschau, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article Polen, from Brockhaus Konversationslexikon 1894-1896, in German
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Warschau, posted by DTBSWS
Poland pp.214-223, in vol.2 of S. Maunder, The history of the world: comprising a general history, 1856, GB
Republik und Königreich Polen mit Russland vereint; Freystaat Cracau, pp.460-546 in vol.2 of the 3rd edition of L.T. von Spittler, Entwurf der Geschichte der europäischen Staaten, 1823, in German, GB
Military Articles November Uprising (1830-1831), January Uprising (1863), from Wikipedia
Entries November Revolt, January Revolt, from ACED
Economy A Global History of Currencies : Poland
Articles Polish Zloty, History of Rail Transport in Poland, from Wikipedia
Rosa Luxemburg, The Industrial Development of Poland. Part I : The History and Present State of Polish Industry (1898, original in German)
Ethnography The Migrations from 1697 to 1890 to Poland, from Remus Shidler
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses - Poland, from Kirken i Norge
Archdiocese of Czestochowa, Archdiocese of Lodz, Archdiocese of Lublin, Archdiocese of Warszawa, from Catholic Hierarchy
Virtual Jewish History Tour : Poland, from Jewish Virtual Library
The Formation of Lutheran Parishes in Russian Poland, from SGGEE
E. Kneifel, Geschichte der Evangelisch-Augsburgischen Kirche in Polen
History of Regions Voivodships of Poland, from www.statoids.com
History of Cities Articles Czestochowa : History, Kalisz : History (Kalisch), Lodz : History, Lomza : History, Lublin : History, Piotrkow : History (Gnesen), Plock : History, Radom : History, Siedlce, History of Warsaw, from Wikipedia
History of Lodz, from Lodz 2016
Culture Virtual Library of Polish Literature; Polish Literature, links from Slavophilia
Others Robert E. Blobaum, The "Woman Question" in Russian Poland, 1900-1914 (Journal of Social History 2002) posted by Highbeam Encyclopedia

Lists of Statesmen World Statesmen : Poland, by Ben Cahoon
Titles of European Rulers : Poland
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Poland, from Population Statistics at Univ. Utrecht
Documents Verfassungen Polens (Constitutions of Poland), from Verfassungen.de, in German
Poland Documents, at Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Documents : Newspaper Entries e-Kolekcja Czasopism Polskich, 27 Polish journals and newspapers published in the 19th and (early) 20th century [up to 1980]
Simplicissimus 1896-1944, Index (p.138), Volumes 5 cartoons on Polen, more on places in P.; in German
New York Times Archive 1851-1918 has 11,308 articles on Poland
Newspaper Archive, site requiring reguistration and charging a modest fee; on Nov. 1st 2006 has 227,515 English language historical newspaper articles on Congress Poland, 198,074 on Russian Poland
The Jewish Chronicle, English language newspaper published since 1841, all issues online, has 43 articles on Congress Poland, 464 on Russian Poland
Devastated Poland (National Geographic May 1917), posted by Wikisource
Archives Links to Archives in Poland, from Archivum Panstwowe w Gdansku
State Archives in Poland
State Symbols Flag, Kingdom of Poland, from FOTW
Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Poland, from World Currency Museum, from Ron Wise's World Currency Museum
Catalog of Polish Banknotes, site in Polish/German

Online Libraries Virtual Library Eastern Europe, maintained in Germany, most sources in German
Central and Eastern European Online Library
Digitale Texte im Seminar für Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte, Univ. Köln; many 19th century texts, mostly in German
Gutenberg Library Online, keyword Poland
National Digital Library, Poland
General Accounts Richard Breyer, Csaba Janos Kenez, Das Russische Teilgebiet 1815 bis 1914 (The Russian Sector, 1815-1914), pp.281-340, in : Joachim Rogall, Land der grossen Ströme. Von Polen nach Litauen. Deutsche Geschichte im Osten Europas (Land of the Large Streams. From Poland to Lithuania. German History in Europe's East), Berlin : Siedler 1996; in German
Triloyalism and the National Revival : Russian Poland, pp.36-64 in : R.F. Leslie (ed.), The History of Poland since 1863, Cambridge : UP (1980) 1989 [G]
M.B. Biskupski, The History of Poland, Westport : Greenwood 2000, KMLA Lib.Sign. 943.8 B622t
Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski, Poland, an illustrated History, NY : Hippocrene 2000, KMLA Lib.Sign. 943.8 P746p
Article Poland, in Encyclopædia Britannica, Macropædia, Vol.25 pp.930-957; KMLA Lib. Sign.
R 032 B862n v.25
Enno Meyer, Grundzüge der Geschichte Polens (Main Features of Polish History), Darmstadt : Wissenschaftliche Buchgemeinschaft 1977 [G]
Manfred Hellmann, Daten der Polnischen Geschichte (Dates in Polish History), München : dtv 1985 [G]
Chapter 11 : The Awakening of the Polish Nation, 1870-1914, from Henry Bogdan, from Warsaw to Sofia
Specific Topics Krause/Mishler, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 19th C. pp.945-950, KMLA Lib.Sign. 737.4098 K91s
Gülich, Gustav von, Geschichtliche Darstellung des Handels, der Gewerbe und des Ackerbaus der bedeutenden handeltreibenden Staaten unserer Zeit (Historical Description of Trade, Industry and Agriculture of the Important Trading States of Our Time), Jena : Frommann 6 vol.s 1830-1845, chapter : Polen, vol.1 1830 pp.435-437, vol.4 1844 pp.303-305, posted by DTBSWS
Poland under the Germans (1916), posted on Internet Archive
H. Harring, S.G. Howe, Poland Under the Dominion of Russia (1834), posted on Internet Archive
F.L.M. Anderson, Seven months' resistance in Russian Poland in 1863 (1864), posted on Internet Archive
J. Allen, Autocrasy in Poland and Russia : or A description of Russian misrule in Poland ... including the experience of an exile (1854), posted on Internet Archive
Confidential correspondence of the British government respecting the insurrection in Poland: 1863 (1914), posted on Internet Archive
S.J.B. Gnorowski, Insurrection of Poland in 1830-31: And the Russian Rule Preceding it Since 1815 (1839), posted on Internet Archive
Historical Atlas W. Czaplinski, T. Ladogorski, The Historical Atlas of Poland, Wroclaw : State Cartographic Publishers 1986 [G]
Historical Dictionaries George Sanford, Adriana Gozdecka-Sanford, Historical Dictionary of Poland, Scarecrow 1994, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 943.6 S224h

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