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Swedish Livonia Courland
First posted on February 13th 2010

The Swedish conquest of Riga in 1621 resulted in the partition of the Duchy of Livonia. All of the Voivodships of Pernau and Dorpat and part of the Voivodship of Wenden now formed Swedish Livonia. The remainder of Wenden Voivodship, with some territory on the border to Russia added, now was to form Inflanty Voivodship.
Inflanty Voivodship is largely identical with the Latgale region of modern Latvia. Its capital is Daugavpils (in German : Dünaburg, in Russian Dvinsk). Until 1772 part of the Commonwealth of Poland-Lithuania, in Inflanty Voivodship the Counterreformation was implemented. The (German) nobility assimilated into the Polish culture.
In 1772 in the First Polish Partition, Inflanty Voivodship was annexed into the Russian Empire. First part of Polotsk Gubernia, after the partition of the latter it was allocated to Vitebsk Gubernia.

Historical Atlas : Livonia Page
List of Wars, Livonia Page

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Country Profiles Articles : Inflanty Voivodeship, Latgalia, from Wikipedia
Articles : Lettgallen, Woiwodschaft Livland, from Wikipedia German edition
Links, on History
Organizations Latvijas Muzeju Biedriba (in Latvian)
Latvian Genealogical Society; Institut für Kultur und Geschichte der Deutschen in Nordosteuropa at Universität Hamburg
Latvijas Institute
Historical Dictionary Enzyklopädie des Europäischen Ostens, in German
Accounts of History general Uldis Balodis, Livonian History
Gustav von Bergmann, Geschichte von Livland, nach bossuetischer Art entworfen 1776, in German, posted on Google Books
Articles : Inflanty Voivodeship, from Wikipedia
Woiwodschaft Livland, from Wikipedia German edition
Specific Periods
Economy & Finances
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses, Latvia, from Kirken i Norge
Jewish Virtual History Tour : Latvia, from Jewish Virtual Library; Latvia, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
Category : Religion in Latvia, from Wikipedia
Patron Saint Index : Patrons of Livonia
Anton Fahne, Livland : Ein Beitrag zur Kirchen- und Sittengeschichte , 1875, in German, posted on Internet Archive
Local History Article : Daugavpils : History, from Wikipedia
Biographies Baltische Biographische Lexika (Baltic Biographical Lexica), in German
J.F. von Recke, Allgemeines Schriftsteller- und Gelehrten-Lexikon der Provinzen Livland, Esthland und Kurland, vol.II : G-K, 1829, vol.III : L-R, 1831, Supplements vol.I : A-K, 1859, in German, posted on Internet Archive
Others Palearctic Ecoregion, from WWF
F.G. von Bunge, Einleitung in die Liv-, Esth- und curländische Rechtsgeschichte und Geschichte der Rechtsquellen, 1849, in German, posted on Internet Archive
F.G. von Bunge, Geschichte des Gerichtswesens und Gerichtsverfahrens in Liv-, est- und Curland, 1874, posted on Internet Archive

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen World Statesmen : Polish Livonia
Population Figures
Image Databanks Europeana
Wikimedia Commons
Archival Deposits Online
Archival Deposits Catalogue Online P.K. Grimsted, Archives and manuscript repositories in the USSR, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Belorussia, 1981, posted on Internet Archive
Document Collections
Individual Documents
Historical Maps Map : Livland Voivodship, from Wikipedia
Baltic Provinces Ethnic, 1987, from Köztes Europa
Maps, on Uldis Balodis, Livonian History
Encyclopedia Entries
Article Dünaburg, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 4th edition 1885-1892, in German, posted by Retro Bibliothek
Institutions Archives State Archives of Latvia
Musea Category : List of Museums in Latvia, from Wikipedia
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Coat of Arms, Latgale, from International Civic Heraldry
Coins Livonian Voivodeship, from Numismaticon

on Latvia National Bibliography Databases, from National Library of Latvia
on Livonia
on Specific Issues
Concerning Livonia
Publikationen, from IKGN
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
on Eastern Central Europe Central and Eastern European Online Library
Virtual Library Eastern Europe, maintained in Germany, most sources in German
Online Journals full text online Livländische Geschichtsliteratur vol.2 1884, vol.4 1904, posted on Internet Archive
Baltische Monatsschrift 1859, posted on Internet Archive
General Accounts on Eastern Europe Kevin O'Connor, The History of the Baltic States, Westport CT : Greenwood 2003, KMLA Lib.Sign. 947.9 O18h
Reinhard Wittram, Baltische Geschichte. Die Ostseelande Livland, Estland und Kurland 1180-1918 (Baltic History. The Baltic Lands of Livonia, Estonia and Courland, 1180-1918), Darmstadt : Wissenschaftliche Buchgemeinschaft (1954) 1973, in German
on Latvia Andrejs Plakans, The Latvians, a Short History, Stanford : Hoover Institution Press 1995, 257 pp.
Specific Topics
Historical Atlas Latvijas Vestures Atlants, Riga 1998 [G]
Historical Dictionary Andreis Plakans, Historical Dictionary of Latvia, Lanham Md : Scarecrow 2008

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