History by Country . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . HI . JK . L . M . N . OP . QR . S . TUV . WXYZ

Prussia Congress Poland
First posted on April 29th 2004, last revised on March 15th 2009

For the history since 1914, see under Poland

Posen 1890-1914 . Prussia . Germany
Posen 1871-1890 . Prussia . Germany
Posen 1848-1871 . Prussia
Posen 1815-1848 . Prussia

Historical Encyclopedia Articles on Posen, 1857-1915

for earlier history, see History of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, 1569-1795

See also Poland in Exile

Historical Atlas, Poland Page
List of Wars, Poland Page

Students' Papers : Lee, Si eun, Nations unhappy with foreign monarchs : Poland under Russia, Prussia/Germany and Austria, in Historic Encyclopedias (2009)

Country Profiles Article Province of Posen from Wikipedia
The Province of Posen (Poznan), from Polish Roots
Article Provinz Posen from Wikipedia German edition
Provinz Posen, from Verwaltungsgeschichte by M. Rademacher, in German
Provinz Posen, from Deutsche Schutzgebiete, in German
Provinz Posen, from Preussen Web, in German
Provinz Posen, from GenWiki, in German
Links, on History Clio Online, keyword Posen, Poznan; German language History Portal
Category : Greater Poland, from Wikipedia
Kategorie : Posen, from Wikipedia German edition
Historical Dictionary
Historical Maps Administrative Structures in Prussia, 1818-1938, from IEG Maps
City maps Posen 1887, Poznan 1906, from Discus Media
Map : Province Posen (Meyer 5th ed. 1885-1892), from Hic Leones
Map : Province Posen (Blackie & Son 1882), from FEEFHS
Historical Maps of the former Province of Posen-Poznan, from German Genealogy
Old Map of Posen Province (1911), from Polish Poland
Landkarte Provinz Posen (with Coat of Arms), from DHM; brief German language comment
Bilingual administrative map of Province Posen, posted by Polish Roots
Map showing the distribution of Polish speakers in the Province, c.1900, posted by Lukasz Bielecki
Map Province Posen 1905, showing majority language, posted by Wikipedia
Language Map West Prussia & Posen (Andrees Handatlas 6th edition 1914, 7th edition 1921, 8th edition 1924-1925), posted by M. Witkam
Maps : Province Posen, Regierungsbezirk Posen, Regierungsbezirk Bromberg, (Carl Flemming, Hand-Atlas des Preussischen Staates, Glogau : 1st edition 1846), posted by M. Witkam
Accounts of History Article Province of Posen from Wikipedia
The Province of Posen (Poznan), from Polish Roots
Article Provinz Posen from Wikipedia German edition
Provinz Posen, from GenWiki, in German
M. Laubert, Studien zur Geschichte der Provinz Posen .. (1908) in German, posted on Internet Archive
Christian Meyer, Geschichte des Landes Posen (1881), in German, posted on Internet Archive
Christian Meyer, Geschichte der Provinz Posen (1891), in German, posted on Internet Archive
Encyclopedia Articles Articles : Gnesen-Posen, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907
Articles Posen, Prussia (Prov.), Bromberg, Fraustadt, Gnesen, Inowrazlaw, Lissa, Posen (city), Schneidemuhl, from EB 1911
Articles Posen (Prov.), Birnbaum, Bromberg, Fraustadt, Inowrazlaw, Jarotschin, Kosten, Lissa (2), Meseritz, Ostrowo, Posen, Schneidemühl, Wollstein, Wongrowitz, Znin, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article Posen (Prov.), from Brockhaus Konversationslexikon 1894-1896, in German
Military Articles Greater Poland Uprising 1794, Greater Poland Uprising 1806, Greater Poland Uprising 1848, from Wikipedia
Economy Torsten Lorenz, Uwe Müller, National Segregation and Mas Mobilization : Polish Cooperatives in Poznania before the First World War, IEHC 2006
Ethnography Germans, Poles and Jews. The Nationality Conflict in Prussia's East 1772-1914 (W.W. Hagen 1980), excerpts, posted by Posen-I
Religion Article Evangelische Kirche der Union from Wikipedia German edition
Archdiocese of Poznan, from Catholic Hierarchy
History of Regions Articles Grand Duchy of Poznan, from Wikipedia
History of Cities Articles Bydgoszcz : History (Bromberg), Wschowa (Fraustadt), Inowraclaw : History, Gniezno : History (Gnesen), Kalisz : History, History of Poznan, from Wikipedia
Articles Bydgoszcz : Geschichte (Bromberg), Wschowa : Geschichte (Fraustadt), Inowraclaw : Geschichte, Miedzyrzecz : Geschichte (Meseritz), Wolsztyn (Wollstein), Gniezno : Geschichte (Gnesen), Poznan : Geschichte, from Wikipedia German Edition
Poznan's Past, from Poznan Life
Institutions Articles Königliche Akademie zu Posen (Royal Academy at Posen), from Wikipedia German edition
Structurae : Greater Poland Voivodship (Wielkopolskie), Kuyavian and Pomeranian Voivodship
Bibliographies Digital Library of Wielkopolska

Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen
Population Figures Germany : Historical Demographic Data for Administrative Divisions before 1950, from Population Statistics
Population : Posen 1816-1914, from HGIS
Documents Die preussischen Provinzen und ihre Verfassungsordnung, 1815-1933 (The Prussian Provinces and Their Constitutional Order), from Verfassungen.de, in German
Provinz Posen, from Gemeindeverzeichnis 1900 (Index of Municipalities), in German
Landeskunde der Provinz Posen um 1910, from Genealogienetz.de, in German
Poland Documents, at Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Gemeindelexikon Preussen 1905 : Provinz Posen, from Unsere Ahnen
Historic Photos : Poland (3 on Germany - Posen), from KJA
Documents : Newspaper Entries Simplicissimus 1896-1944, Index (p.51), Volumes 21cartoon on Posen; in German
New York Times Archive 1851-1980 has 2,036 articles on Posen
Historical Statistics Preussen : Provinz Schlesien, Production of Lignite, Iron Ore, Pig Iron, Steel 1850-1914, from HGIS
Archives Genealogical Records in the Poznan Province, from Polish Roots
Archdiocesan Archive in Poznan
Links to Archives in Poland, from Archivum Panstwowe w Gdansku
State Symbols Flag, Grand Duchy / Province Posen, from FOTW
Coat of Arms, from Hic Leones
Coins Coin Catalogue of Posen, from Numismaticon
Search Coin Archive for Posen

Online Libraries Digitale Texte im Seminar für Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte, Univ. Köln; many 19th century texts, mostly in German
Gutenberg Library Online, keyword Prussia
Virtual Library Eastern Europe, maintained in Germany, most sources in German
Central and Eastern European Online Library
Internet Archive
National Digital Library, Poland
Specific Topics Krzysztof A. Marowski, Deutsche in Posen 1815-1871 (Germans in Poznan, 1815-1871), pp.234-262, in : Joachim Rogall, Land der grossen Ströme. Von Polen nach Litauen. Deutsche Geschichte im Osten Europas (Land of the Large Streams. From Poland to Lithuania. German History in Europe's East), Berlin : Siedler 1996; in German
Triloyalism and the National Revival : Prussian Poland, pp.27-35 in : R.F. Leslie (ed.), The History of Poland since 1863, Cambridge : UP (1980) 1989 [G]
A. Warschauer, K. Kaczmarczyk, Stadtbuch von Posen (1892), in German, posted on Internet Archive
Handbuch Für die Provinz Posen (1901) in German, posted on Internet Archive
A. Warschauer, Die Chronik der Stadtschreiber von Posen (1888) in German, posted on Internet Archive
Th. von Jackowski, Der Bauernbesitz in der Provinz Posen (1914) in German, posted on Internet Archive
H. Kunz, Die Kriegerischen Ereignisse im Grossherzogtum Posen im April und Mai 1848 (1899) in German, posted on Internet Archive
L. Wegener, Der Wirtschaftliche Kampf der Deutschen mit den Polen um die Provinz Posen (1903) in German, posted on Internet Archive
M. Weiss, Some Facts Concerning the German Element in Posen and West Prussia (1919), posted on Internet Archive
B. Freiherr von Selchow, Der Kampf um das Posener Erzbistum 1865 (1923) in German, posted on Internet Archive
R. Coester, Die Loslösung Posens (1921) in German, posted on Internet Archive
Historical Atlas W. Czaplinski, T. Ladogorski, The Historical Atlas of Poland, Wroclaw : State Cartographic Publishers 1986 [G]