Intellectual Life
Intellectual Life

Intellectual Life under Francis II., Charles IX., Henri III., 1559-1589

MICHEL DE MONTAIGNE (1533-1592), French renaissance philosopher ("I have never seen a greater monster or miracle than myself") published his essays.
CATHERINE DE MEDICI commissioned PHILIBERT DELORME with the construction of the TUILERIES (1564). Being one of the best-educated women of her time and a Medici, she contributed to the enrichment of the ROYAL LIBRARY. FRANCOIS CLOUET was court painter from 1542 to 1570.
King Henry III. in 1578 found the chivalric ORDER OF THE HOLY SPIRIT (Saint Esprit).

The French Huguenots found themselves in a long confrontation with the Catholic party, the side of which the kings of the Valois dynasty ultimately took. The BELGIC CONFESSION written by GUIDO DE BRES in 1561 (in Flanders), was to become one of their basic texts.

Huguenot and Protestant Reformed Chronology, from Pierre Chastain Family Association
Catherine de Medici, biography from Catholic Encyclopedia, from Women's History Resource Site
Biography of Michel Eyguem de Montaigne, from ORST
History of the Order of Saint Esprit, from Saint Esprit Freeservers
Clouet, from Web Museum Paris
Le Jardin des Tuileries, from France Treasures
VIDEOS Queen Margot, 1994, in French with English subtitles

This page is part of World History at KMLA
Girst posted in 2001, ast revised on November 9th 2004

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