Louis XV., 1715-1774
Foreign Policy
France 1789-1792
Foreign Policy
Louis XVI., 1774-1789
Intellectual Life

France 1774-1789 : Foreign Policy

LOUIS XVI.' marriage to MARIE ANTOINETTE in 1770, daughter of Empress Maria Theresia, expressed a foreign policy continuing the alliance with Austria France had entered in early in Louis XV.' reign.
When the United States of America declared their independence in 1776 and the (US) AMERICAN WAR OF INDEPENDENCE began, this was an opportunity for France to get even with Britain (for the losses of 1763). In 1777 France declared war, the blockade of CHESAPEAKE BAY by the French fleet even decided the war, as the British fleet was unable to relive Cornwallis' troops under siege at Yorktown. In 1783, Britain ceded the SENEGAL back to France;
The gains, however, were insufficient to immediately pay the war's expense. France's financial situation deteriorated, and Louis XVI. in 1788 saw no other option but to call the ESTATES GENERAL to assemble.

Tragedy of Louis XVI., timeline, from Tomball College, another one, more detailed, from French Monarchs
Louis XVI., biography, from World Civilizations at WSU
Timeline French Foreign Policy : Louis XVI, 1774-1789, from France Diplomatie
DOCUMENTS Treaties with France and Associated Documents (1778), from Avalon Project
Franco-American Diplomacy, 1778-1843, from Avalon Project
The Paris Peace Treaty 1783 and Associated Documents, from Avalon Project
French Medals, 18th Century, from Medal Web, Benjamin Weiss Collection

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2001, last revised on November 9th 2004

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