France 1804-1813
Domestic Policy
France 1815-1830
Domestic Policy
France 1814-1815
Foreign Policy

France 1814-1815 : Domestic Policy

Allied troops entered Paris on March 31st 1814 and the TREATY OF PARIS was sogned with Napoleon. The latter agreed to abdicate; he was given the PRINCIPALITY OF ELBA and an annual pension of 80,000 Francs. France was to become a CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY, with the Bourbon LOUIS XVIII as king. The EMIGRES, upon returning, were to be given back their possessions. France was to keep its borders of 1793 (with some additional territory in southern Belgium, and the city of SAARBRUECKEN).
Louis XVIII. was unpopular; so were other conditions of the peace treaty, especially that regarding the returning emigres. Peasants who had purchased land and farmed it for 20 years suddenly had to give it up, without compensation.
When Napoleon landed in France in March 1815, many joined him, in the hope of getting their land back or getting rid of King Louis XVIII. Napoleon assumed the title CONSULATE FOR LIFE; he abolished slavery in the French colonies in the West Indies (an act which did not survive the hundred days).

The Napoleon Bonaparte Internet Guide, from Univ. Doetinchem, NL
Homepage from La Fondation Napoleon Bonaparte, in French and English
Timetable : France during the French Revolution and under Napoleon Bonaparte. An annotated Chronology of Civil and Military Events, by Richard Orsinger, 1997
Links on Napoleon Bonaparte from looksmart
The last years of the French Wars : 1812-1815, from A Web of English History
Rosemary Beard, Talleyrand and the Congress of Vienna, from Amis Talleyrand
DOCUMENTS Documents upon the Transition to the Restoration Monarchy (1814), from Napoleon Series
Napoleon Bonaparte : Farewell to the Old Guard, April 29, 1814, from Modern History Sourcebook
Declaration of St. Ouen, May 2nd 1814, from Napoleon Series
Treaty of Paris, May 30th 1814, from Napoleon Series
Constitutional Charter of 1814, from Napoleon Series
Napoleon's Proclamation, March 1st 1815, from Napoleon Series
Documents upon the Consulate for Life, March 29th 1815, from Napoleon Series
The Act Additional, April 22nd 1815, from Napoleon Series

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2001, last revised on November 9th 2004

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