France 1804-1813
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France 1815-1830
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France 1814-1815
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France 1814-1815 : Foreign Policy

Allied troops entered Paris on March 31st 1814 and the TREATY OF PARIS was sogned with Napoleon. The latter agreed to abdicate; he was given the PRINCIPALITY OF ELBA and an annual pension of 80,000 Francs. France was to become a CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY, with the Bourbon LOUIS XVIII as king. France was to keep its borders of 1793 (with some additional territory in southern Belgium, and the city of SAARBRUECKEN).
Napoleon, on Elba, soon got bored. While the allied diplomats met at Vienna, discussing the future of Europe, Napoleon left Elba on March 1st 1815, landed in the south of France with just a handful of men. On the news of his arrival, he was joined by a stream of men; by the time he reached Paris, he had an army. For HUNDRED DAYS he was in charge again; he was ultimately defeated in the BATTLE OF WATERLOO.

This time Napoleon was sent to an island from which he could not return - St. Helena (where he died in 1821). At the VIENNA CONGRESS France was represented by TALLEYRAND, a diplomat who had served Napoleon for many years. His negotiating skill and Metternich's goal of establishing an equilibrium in Europe are largely responsible that France was left a great power; it only had to cede the city of Saarbruecken and areas in southern Belgium.

The Napoleon Bonaparte Internet Guide, from Univ. Doetinchem, NL
Homepage from La Fondation Napoleon Bonaparte, in French and English
Timetable : France during the French Revolution and under Napoleon Bonaparte. An annotated Chronology of Civil and Military Events, by Richard Orsinger, 1997
Links on Napoleon Bonaparte from looksmart
The last years of the French Wars : 1812-1815, from A Web of English History
Rosemary Beard, Talleyrand and the Congress of Vienna, from Amis Talleyrand
Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1912 edition
Timeline French Foreign Policy : Restauration, 1814-1830, from France Diplomatie
DOCUMENTS Maps : the southern Netherlands, 1814 (Treaty of Paris) and 1815, from Museum voor Vaderlandse Geschiedenis, comment in Dutch
The Return of Napoleon from Elba, 1815, from Modern History Sourcebook
Treaty of Paris, May 30th 1814, from Napoleon Series
Proclamation by Napoleon, March 1st 1815, from Napoleon Series
Declaration of the Powers against Napoleon, March 13, 1815, from Napoleon Series
Treaty of Paris, Nov. 20th 1815, from Napoleon Series
VIDEOS Napoleon 1812 Moscow, Austerlitz, Waterloo, 55 min. documentaries from Cromwell Productions

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2001, last revised on November 9th 2004

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