France 1804-1813
Intellectual Life
France 1815-1830
the Economy
France 1815-1830
Foreign Policy

France 1815-1830 : Intellectual Life

LOUIS XVIII., CHARLES X., the ULTRAROYALISTS and the policy of RESTAURATION were very unpopular in France. When JACQUES-LOUIS DAVID in 1814 pained Leonidas at Thermopylae, he interpreted Napoleon's abdication as a self-sacrifice for the benefit of his country. EUGENE DELACROIX painted scenes of the contemporary Greek fight for independence (Massacre at Chios, 1824; Greeks at the ruins of Missolonghi, 1826). In 1830, responding to that year's revolution, he painted LIBERTY LEADING THE PEOPLE.
Writer VICTOR HUGO gained fame for his drama CROMWELL (1827), indirectly criticizing the government of Charles X. as oppressive.
In the 1820es, JEAN FRANCOIS CHAMPOLLION axhieved his breakthrough in de decipherment of the HIEROGLYPHIC SCRIPT.

Biography of Victor Hugo, from Books and Writers
Jean-Francois Champollion, from Catholic Encyclopedia
DOCUMENTS Reign of Louis XVIII., from Costumes Francaises, images
Coins issued under Louis XVIII. and Charles X., from Numismatique - Monnaie, scroll down
Jacques-Louis David, Leonidas at Thermopylae, from CFGA
Eugene Delacroix, Massacre at Chios, 1824, from CFGA
Eugene Delacroix, Greece on the Ruins of Missolonghi, 1826, from CFGA
Eugene Delacroix, Liberty leading the people, 1830, from CGFA
Texte sur les arts au XIXe siecle : Victor Hugo, 1827; V. Hugo, 1830, from cliotexte

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First posted in 2001, last revised on November 9th 2004

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