France 1815-1830
Domestic Policy
France 1848-1852
Domestic Policy
France 1830-1848
the Economy

France 1830-1848 : Domestic Policy

Under LOUIS-PHILIPPE France became a true constitutional democracy (the JULY MONARCHY), with the parliament debating a wide range of issues. In 1840 the bodily remains of NAPOLEON BONAPARTE were brought over from St. Helena, where he died in 1821, and buried in the HOTEL DES INVALIDES.
France underwent social changes in the context of the INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION. The liberal government was committed to non-interference in the economy. Yet the living and working conditions of workers were deplorable, and in 1831 the workers of Lyon occupied city hall, took control of the city. Order was restored; the government attempted to tame the workers by regulating labour associations and by a reform of primary education intending to teach ethical standards to the lower classes; associations were completely banned in 1834.
In the middle of the 1840es an economic crisis set in, with rising food prices, poverty being a growing problem.

Review of Jill Harsin, Barricades. The War of the Street in Revolutionary Paris, 1830-1848, from H-France Review
DOCUMENTS French Military Defence, from : The Living Age Vol.6 No.64 pp.242-243, 1845, from Cornell Digital Library
Francois Guizot (1787-1874): Condition of the July Monarchy, 1830-1848, from Modern History Sourcebook
List of French Prime Ministers, from World Statesmen by Ben Cahoon
The French Constitution of 1830, from Modern History Sourcebook
Alexander Ledru-Rollin : Speech to the Electors of Sarthe, 1841, from Modern History Sourcebook
REFERENCE Peter McPhee, A Social History of France 1789-1914, Basingstoke : Palgrave MacMillan (1992) 2004, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 306.0944 M478s

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2001, last revised on March 30th 2007

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