France 1815-1830
Foreign Policy
France 1848-1870
Foreign Policy
France 1830-1848
Intellectual Life






France 1830-1848 : Foreign Policy



Under LOUIS-PHILIPPE France became a true constitutional democracy, with the parliament debating a wide range of issues. France not only left, but violated the HOLY ALLIANCE; a Polish army, ordered by Czar Nicholas I. to march west to suppress the revolutions in Belgium and France, rebelled against Russian rule, the POLISH REVOLUTION OF 1830 thus saving France from having to defend the achievements of hers.
When a Dutch army invaded Belgium in 1831, a French army came to aid the latter; international diplomacy set in and the independence of BELGIUM was recognized (1831/1839), much against wishes on the French as well as Walloon side to annex the country into France.
In 1840, the French parliament openly discussed the plan to annex the (Prussian and Bavarian) left bank of the Rhine, a discussion which found a furious echo on the side of German novelists, poets and patriots. France resented the balance of powers in Europe established by Metternich on the Vienna Congress; Prussia, Austria and Russia were intent to continue the alliance. Liberal France became the residence of choice for many patriots from Eastern and Central Europe who fled authoritarian-oppressive governments, such as Pole FREDERIC CHOPIN and German HEINRICH HEINE (the latter, despite being a resident of Paris, among those who vehemently opposed the French plan to annex the Rhineland).
Territorial expansion being blocked on the European continent by the Holy Alliance, France looked for expansion overseas. In ALGERIA the coastal region and the Atlas mountains were pacified in the years 1830-1848; in SENEGAL French territory was expanded; the French declared a protectorate over TAHITI (1842). A French plan to settle NEW ZEALAND and declare her a French colony was thwarted by the British who, having read of the French plans in the gazettes, hoisted the British flag before the French arrived.






EXTERNAL
FILES
Timeline French Foreign Policy : July Monarchy, 1830-1848, from France Diplomatie
DOCUMENTS France and Morocco, from : The Living Age, Vol.2, No.17, 1844, pp.277-279, from Cornell Digital Library
The French in North Africa, from : The Living Age, Vol.2, No.18, 1844, p.339, from Cornell Digital Library
Peace or War : Morocco - Otaheite - Egypt, from The Living Age, Vol.2, No.18, pp.353-358, from Cornell Digital Library
France and Morocco, from : The Libing Age, Vol.2 No.21, pp.539-540, from Cornell Digital Library
Compromise with Ireland - Napoleon's Letter to Prince Regent, from : The Living Age, Vol.2, No.24, 1844, pp.741-742, from Cornell Digital Library
France and Morocco, from : The Living Age, Vol.3, No.25, pp.57-58, 1844, from Cornell Digital Library
France and Mexico, from : The Living Age, Vol.3 No.26, p.67, 1844, from Cornell Digital Library
The French in China, from : The Living Age Vol.5 No.49, p.151, 1845, from Cornell Digital Library
The French in Algiers, from : The Living Age Vol.6 No.61, p.88-93, 1845, from Cornell Digital Library
French Military Defence, from : The Living Age Vol.6 No.64 pp.242-243, 1845, from Cornell Digital Library
The French in Algeria, from : The Living Age, Vol.6 No.64 pp.241-242, 1845, from Cornell Digital Library
Convention between France and Hawaii, 1839, from Hawaiian Independence Home Page; Treaty between France and Hawaii, 1846, from Hawaiian Independence Home Page
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This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on November 9th 2004

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