France 1918-1929
Intellectual Life
France 1940-1944
Intellectual Life
France 1929-1939
the Economy
France 1929-1939
Foreign Policy

France 1929-1939 : Intellectual Life

With many European democracies turning into dictatorships in the early 1930es, Paris (France) again attracted many political refugees from all over the continent, among those who resided at least temporarily in France were WALTER BENJAMIN, ELIAS CANETTI, HEINRICH MANN. Many Frenchmen, as well as refugees resident in France, chose to support the republican side in Spain's civil war (1936-1939), among them writers ANDRE MALRAUX (1901-1976) and SIMONE WEIL (1909-1943). In France, Spanish artist PABLO PICASSO painted his most famous painting, GUERNICA (1938).
ANTOINE DE SAINT-EXUPERY (1900-1944) wrote novels on aviation, desert life and children's stories. JEAN-PAUL SARTRE (1905-1980) published his first novel, Nausea, in 1938. GEORGES SIMENON (born in Belgium, 1903-1989) was to write over 200 novels, among them the series of detective stories around inspector Maigret.
French singer legend EDITH PIAF (1915-1963) began her career in 1936. Another successful singer-actor was MAURICE CHEVALIER
JEAN COCTEAU (1889-1963), ABEL GANCE, JEAN RENOIR ('La Marseillaise', 1938, 'La Grande Illusion', 1937) directed movies which were to establish the fame of the French movie industry. JEAN GABIN was among the nation's outstanding actors.

In 1938 the SOCCER WORLD CUP was staged in France; in the final Italy defeated Hungary 4-2. French national championships in soccer were held since 1934.

Biography of Josephine Baker, from the Josephine Baker Estate
Biography of Pablo Picasso, from showgate
World Cup 1938, from World Cup Archive
French soccer champions, from
Biography of Edith Piaf, by Kelly Wittmann
Biography of Jean Cocteau, from Books and Writers
Biography of Andre Malraux, from Books and Writers
Biography of Antoine de Saint-Exupery, from Books and Writers
Biography of Jean-Paul Sartre, from Books and Writers
Biography of Georges Simenon, from Books and Writers
Biography of Simone Weil, from Books and Writers
Synopsis of La Grande Illusion, from Le Petit Monde des Films Francais
Synopsis of La Marseillaise, from Le Petit Monde des Films Francais
REFERENCE Roger Price, A Concise History of France, Cambridge Concise Histories, 1993, pp.218-231
Philippe Bernard and Henri Dubief, The Decline of the Third Republic 1914-1938, (Fr. Or. 1975, Eng. Trsl. 1985) Cambridge UP 1993, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 944.0814 B518d
Article : France, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1937 pp.882-912 (data of 1935-1937) [G]
Article : France, in : Americana Annual 1930 pp.335-340, 1931 pp.332-336, 1932 pp.300-307, 1933 pp.331-335, 1934 pp.261-264, 1935 pp.301-306, 1936 pp.307-311, 1937 pp.302-305, 1938 pp.293-296, 1939 pp.317-320 [G]
Article : France, in : New International Year Book 1930 pp.282-288, 1932 pp.295-302, 1933 pp.280-285, 1934 pp.243-249, 1935 pp.250-256, 1938 pp.263-268, 1939 pp.286-291 [G]
Article : France, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1932 pp.265-269, 1933 pp.219-224, 1934 pp.242-247, 1935 pp.233-239, 1936 pp.205-212, 1937 pp.206-214, 1938 pp.214-221, 1939 pp.230-237 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2001, last revised on March 30th 2007

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