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First posted on March 28th 2002, last revised using Dr. Link Check on October 4th 2012

The files listed below deal with the history of the complex of territories under Habsburg rule, Austrian line, as a whole. For the history of individual territories / groups of territories, click :
Austrian Lands (Austrian Littoral, Carinthia, Carniola, Lower Austria, Salzburg, Styria, Tyrol, Upper Austria, Vorarlberg), Bohemian Lands (Austrian Sil;esia, Bohemia, Moravia), Hungary, Galicia, Transylvania, Croatia, Dalmatia, Slavonia, Bukovina, Austrian Netherlands, Mantua, Milan, Lombardo-Venetia, Naples (1718-1735), Sardinia (1718-1720), Sicily (1720-1735),
Slovakia, Slovenia
The term Habsburg Empire is to be understood as the complex of territories ruled by the Habsburg Dynasty. As such, it has been phrased by modern historians and does not appear in historical documents; it is not to be confused with the Holy Roman Empire, often simply referred to as the Empire, in which the influence of the Habsburg Emperors was rather limited.
In 1806 the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved and Francis I. assumed the title "Emperor of Austria" which was applied to the entirety of his territorial possessions. Since the Compromise of 1867, the expression "Austria-Hungary" was used; the files listed below, from 1867 on, for domestic policy, the economy and intellectual life, refer to the Austrian half of Austria-Hungary, also referred to as Cisleithania.

Habsburg Lands, 1648-1683
Habsburg Lands, 1683-1712
Habsburg Lands, 1712-1740
Habsburg Lands, 1740-1780
Habsburg Lands, 1780-1790
Habsburg Lands, 1789-1815
Austria 1815-1848 : Domestic Policy ; Economic Policy ; Foreign Policy
Austria 1848/49 : the Revolution ; Foreign Policy
Austria 1849-1866 : Domestic Policy ; Economy ; Foreign Policy
Austria 1867-1893 : Domestic Policy ; Economy ; Foreign Policy
Austria 1893-1914
Austria in World War I : the War, 1914-1918 ; War Economy ; Domestic Policy

Historical Encyclopedias : Austrian History 1815-1914
Historical Atlas, Habsburg Dynasty, Austrian Line (1556-1806)
Historical Atlas, Austria-Hungary (1806-1918)
List of Wars, Habsburg Austrian Line / Austrian Empire / Austria-Hungary Page

For the history since 1918 see Austria, Czech Republic, Poland (for Galicia), Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, Italy (for southern Tyrol, Gorizia, Triest), Romania (for Transylvania, the southern Bukovina), Ukraine (for Carpatho-Ruthenia, the northern Bukovina)

Students' Papers : Park, Young Jin, Multicultural Metropoleis : Vienna and Istanbul, as described in Historic Encyclopedias (2009)
Students' Papers : Park, Sang Woo, Turning Points in History : The Battle of Kahlenberg (Vienna) 1683 (2008)

Country Studies : Austria, from Library of Congress
Österreich-Lexikon, from AEIOU (online Austria Lexikon) bilingual German and English, many entries
Article Austria, from Jewish Encyclopedia
Die Sieben Türkenkriege der Habsburger (The Seven Turkish Wars of the Habsburgs), from Flacker-Seiten, in German
The Austro-Hungarian Army, 1848-1918, by Glenn Jewison and Jörg C. Steiner
History of the Austrian Vegetarian Societies, from IVU
International Textile History 1650-2000 : The Habsburg Monarchy and its Successor States Austria and Czechoslovakia, by Andrea Komlosy
Article Österreich-Ungarn : Militärgeschichte, (Austro-Hungarian Military History), from GenWiki, in German
Irene Bandhauer-Schoeffmann, Widows and Daughters : Austrian Business Women and their Status in Family Firms in the 19th and 20th Centuries, IEHC 2006
Österreichische Historische Bibliographie, in German
Austrian History Yearbook, ed. by Center for Austrian Studies, Univ. of Minnesota
Article : Österreichische Eisenbahnen, from Röll, Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens (Encyclopedia of Railroads) 2nd ed. 1912-1923, in German
Maria Rentetzi, Trafficking Materials and Gendered Experimental Practices : Radium Research in Early 20th Century Vienna, diss. Columbia UP n.d.
W.H. Weed, The Copper Mines of the World 1907, Austria-Hungary p.86
DOCUMENTS Repositories of Primary Sources : Europe : Austria, from Univ. of Idaho. Mostly Archive Webpages
Documents on German History for the preparation of history class, from psm-data (in German and/or English)
Primary Documents to the History of Austria (-Hungary) from Eurodocs
Sources to Habsburg History, from Habsburg Net
Austrian finances in the 17th and 18th centuries, from ESFDB
Verfassungen Österreichs (Austrian Constitutions), posted by Verfassungen.de, in German
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Salzburg, Triest, Wien, posted by DTBSWS
J. Chr. Nelckenbrecher, Taschenbuch eines Banquiers und Kaufmanns enthaltend eine Erklärung aller ein- und ausländischen Münzen ..., Berlin : Wever 1769, in German, entries Wien, posted by DTBSWS
Österreichs Militärgeschichte : KuK (Austrian Military History, until 1918), from www.doppeladler.com, in German
Austria, from Russian Marches
Foreign Office (British) : Peace Handbooks (1919-1920), posted on Internet Archive; v. 1. Austria-Hungary (I), no. 1-7.--v. 2. Austria-Hungary (II), no. 8-14
A.F. Pribram, The secret treaties of Austria-Hungary, 1879-1914, vol.1 (1920), vol.2 (1921), posted on Internet Archive
Search Prassi Italiana di Dirito Internazionale, Indice delle leggi e degli altri atti normativi, for Austria, 357 entries, in Italian
Ambassador of Russia to Austria, from Wikipedia
Liste des Ambassadeurs a travers les siecles (Autriche), from Ambafrance
Vienne, pp.272-277 in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
Österreichisches Staatsarchiv
Austria, pp.202-429 in vol.5 of Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949, 1976, GB
Nationaal Archief (NL) : Inventaris van het archief van het Gezantschap Oostenrijk, 1896-1938
Austria-Hungary : Austria, pp.136-143 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c.1910, GB
Central or German Region, pp.245-335 in Th. Lavallee, Physical, historical and military geography, 1868, GB
W. Hamm, Illustrirter Katalog der Pariser Industrie-Ausstellung von 1867, 1868, GB; 22 Austria-Hungary entries
Documents Historical Newspapers Official Gazettes Bundeskanzleramt, Rechtsinformationssystem, Bundesgesetzblatt 1848-1940
Allgemeines Reichs-Gesetz- und Regierungsblatt für das Kaiserthum Österreich 1849, 1850, 1850 pt.1, 1850, 1850 pt.2, 1850, 1850 pt.3, 1850, 1850 pt.4, 1850, 1850 Beilagenheft, 1850, Index until 1850, 1850, 1851, 1851, 1852, 1852, 1855, 1855, 1856, 1856, 1857, 1857, 1858, 1858, 1859, 1859, 1860, 1860, 1861, 1861, 1862, 1862, 1863, 1863, 1864, 1864, 1865, 1865, 1866, 1866, 1867, 1867, 1868, 1868, 1869, 1869, in German, GB
Historical Maps collections click here
Discus Media : The 1900 Collection, Maps from Yesteryear, Austria
Search David Rumsey Map Collection for Austria
Austria Maps, PCL, UTexas
Category : Old Maps of Austria, Ethnographic Maps of Austria-Hungary, Maps of the History of Austria, Wikimedia Commons
Austria 1722-1922, IEG Maps
Herder-Institut, Sammlung Topographische Kartenwerke, scroll down for Österreich-Ungarn
Sohr-Berghaus, Handatlas; atlassen.info has 1st edition 1844 and 4th to 9th edition 1847-1906; a world atlas with detailed maps on Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary, hindsight Map : Ethnic Groupi of Austria-Hungary in 1910, Wikipedia
Austria-Hungary, Contemporary H. Kiepert, Völkerkarte Österreich-Ungarn 1869, posted by Univ. of Chicago
detail, hindsight
detail, contemporary
Parliamentary Debates Verhandlungen des österreichischen Reichstages nach der stenographischen Aufnahme 1848 vol.1, 1848, 1848 vol.3, 1848, in German, GB
Verhandlungen des österreichischen verstärkten Reichsrathes, 1860 1860 vol.1, 1860, 1860 vol.2, 1860, in German, GB
Stenographische Protokolle des Herrenhauses des Reichsrathes 1861-1862, 1862, 1863-1864, 1864, 1864-1865, 1865, 1867-1869 vol.1, 1869, 1867-1869 vol.2, 1869, in German, GB
Stenographische Protokolle über die Sitzungen des Hauses der Abgeordneten (des Reichsrathes) 1861-1862 vol.2, 1862, 1861-1862 vol.3, 1862, 1861-1862 vol.4, 1862, 1861-1862 vol.5, 1862, 1863-1864 vol.1, 1864, 1864-1865 vol.1, 1865, 1867-1869 vol.1, 1869, 1867-1869 vol.2, 1869, 1867-1869 vol.3, 1869, 1867-1869 vol.4, 1869, 1867-1869 vol.5, 1869, 1867-1869 vol.6, 1869, 1867-1869, index, 1869, in German, GB
REFERENCE Paula S. Fichtner (ed.), Historical Dictionary of Austria, London : Scarecrow 1999, 328 pp.
Charles W. Ingrao, The Habsburg Monarchy 1618-1815, Cambridge : UP 1994
Robert A. Kann, A History of the Habsburg Empire, 1526-1918, Berkeley : UP 1974
Werner Kleindel, Österreich, Daten zur Geschichte und Kultur, Wien : Ueberreuter 1978
Gülich, Gustav von, Geschichtliche Darstellung des Handels, der Gewerbe und des Ackerbaus der bedeutenden handeltreibenden Staaten unserer Zeit (Historical Description of Trade, Industry and Agriculture of the Important Trading States of Our Time), Jena : Frommann 6 vol.s 1830-1845, chapter : Östreich, vol.4 1844 pp.728-752, in German, posted by DTBSWS
Franz-Xaver Neumann-Spallert, Österreichs Maritime Entwicklung und die Hebung von Triest (Austria's Maritime Development, and the Elevation of Triest), Stuttgart : Maier 1882, posted by DTBSWS
Steven Beller, Vienna and the Jews 1867-1938. A Cultural History, Cambridge : UP 1938, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 943.6 B442v
Digitaler Lesesaal, from Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
W.N. Medlicott, Austria-Hungary, Turkey and the Balkans, pp.323-351 in F.H. Hinsley, The New Cambridge History, vol.XI : Material Progress and World-wide Problems 1870-1898, Cambridge : UP (1962) 1978 [G]

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