Domestic Policy

Austria, 1849-1866 : Domestic Policy

In the years after 1849, the administration in Vienna had to be extremely cautious. It faced not only a population largely resenting state and government (like in Prussia), but many regional populations which wanted to establish political units based on ethnicity.
In 1861 the REICHSRAT (Imperial Council) was introduced, a diet for the entire Habsburg monarchy which had rather limited authority. The Reichsrat was bicameral, consisting of a HERRENHAUS (House of Lords) and an ABGEORDNETENHAUS (House of Representatives). In the same year, Emperor Franz Joseph decreed the PROTESTANTENPATENT, guaranteeing protestants freedom of religion.

List of Emperors of Austria, 1800-1815
Links lead to Biographies from aeiou
1848-1916 Franz Joseph I.

Austria, Prime Ministers, 1849-1862
Links lead to Biographies from aeiou
Felix Prince Schwarzenberg
Karl Ferdinand Count Buol-Schauenstein
Johann Bernhard Count Rechberg
Archduke Rainer of Austria (titular)
Anton von Schmerling (acting)
Alexander Count Mensdorff-Pouilly
Richard Count Belcredi

Turning Points in the Development of Parliamentarism in Austria : From Revolution to Neoabsolutism; October Diploma and February Patent, from Austria's Parliament
Stamp : 125 Years Protestantenpatent, from aeiou, w. explaining article
Reichsrat, Herrenhaus, Abgeordnetenhaus, from aeiou
DOCUMENTS Lists of Austrian Emperors, Chancellors, from World Statesmen : Austria by Ben Cahoon
Images of Chronik 2000 Bilddatenbank : Emperor Franz Joseph and Empress Sissy; Emperor Franz Joseph
Map : Vienna 1858, posted by Map Coll., Perry Castaneda Library, UTexas
REFERENCE Schwartzenberg and Bach, 1849-1859 (pp.83-94), The Struggle Between Federalism and Centralism : October Diploma and February Patent, 1860-1861 (pp.95-108), Constitutional Absolutism : the System of Schmerling, 1961-1865 (pp.109-122), The End of Old Austria 1865-1866 (pp.123-129), from A.J.P. Taylor, The Habsburg Monarchy, 1809-1918 , Chicago : UP (1948) 1976
Article : Austria, in : The American Annual Cyclopaedia and Register of Important Events 1862 pp.181-183, 1863 pp.156-158, 1864 pp.160-162 [G]
John S.C. Abbott, The Empire of Austria, its Rise and Present Power (1859), posted online by Gutenberg Online Library

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on October 16th 2007

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