Duchy of Bohemia
The Luxemburg Dynasty

Bohemia under the late Przemyslids, 1198-1306

The early 13th century saw the transition from an economy based on land tenure to a monetary economy. This development reached Bohemia around the middle of the century; it is marked by the grant of a number of CITY PRIVILEGES, namely to German immigrant communities who brought with them know-how, for instance expertise in the field of mining - Bohemia had large undeveloped resources. These new settlements filled the treasury of King PRZEMYSL OTTOKAR II. with taxes paid in cash.
Since Przemysl Ottokar I. the Bohemian Dukes claimed the title of King. During the German Interregnum (1256-1273) - the nominal Emperors Richard of Cornwallis and Alfons of Castile never visited Germany - the Przemysl Ottokar II. claimed the lands of his deceased father-in-law, the Duke of Austria (Austria and Styria). Newly elected Emperor Rudolf von Habsburg (1273-1291) challenged Przemysl Ottokar's right to these lands; in the BATTLE OF DUERNKRUT, the Bohemians were defeated, Przemysl Ottokar II. died.
His successors Wenzel II. and Wenzel III. claimed the Polish throne and held it from 1291 to 1306. Then the Przemyslid Dynasty ended, and with it the Polish-Bohemian dynastic union. However, MORAVIA was to remain tied with Bohemia, known as the Lands of the Bohemian Crown.

Czechoslovakia, from : Library of Congress, Country Studies

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on November 12th 2004

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