Czechoslovakia






The Czech Republic since 1993



The transition from a Communist state-planned economy to a capitalist free market economy had caused more severe problems in Slovakia than in the Czech lands; while Czech politicians had argued for the maintenance of Czechoslovakia, Slovak politicians, most notably Vladislav Meciar, had argued for separation. On January 1st 1993, the independence of Slovakia was proclaimed; hence the Czechoslovak Federal Republic was reduced to the Czech Republic. The separation was peaceful (Velvet Divorce). The political leadership of Czechoslovakia (President Vaclav Havel, PM Vaclav Klaus) became the political leadership of the Czech Republic.
The Czech Republic joined the UN in 1993, NATO in 1999, the EU in 2004.
The Czech Republic has successfully implemented economic reforms, which created viable businesses and a new middle class; on the other hand, considerable segments of the population were impoverished and deprived of the social safety network the Communist system had provided. The census of 2001 counted 10,293,000 Czechs, a figure slightly lower than that of 1989 (10,362,000).
Torrential rains in 2002 caused a major flooding in Bohemia in 2002; seals escaped Prague Zoo. The floodwaters disseminated toxic waste, adding to environmental problems largely inherited from the Communist era.






EXTERNAL
FILES
Timeline Czech Republic, from BBC News
Article Politics of the Czech Republic, from Wikipedia
List of Political Parties in the Czech Republic, from Wikipedia
DOCUMENTS Statesmen, from World Statesmen
Historical Population Statistics, from Population Statistics at Univ. Utrecht
Election Results, from Psephos (since 1998), from IFES Election Guide (since 1999)
Elections and Electoral Systems around the world : Portugal, from Area Studies, at Keele
Documents posted by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Czech Rep., mostly on accession to EU
The History of the Czech Republic, from World History Archives
Prague High Flood (Aug. 2002) in Pictures, posted by J.P. Hanousek
Prague's Flood Peril (2002), Photoessay posted at Univ. of Phoenix
REFERENCE Jiri Hochman, Historical Dictionary of the Czech State, London : Scarecrow 1998, 272 pp., KMLA Lib.Sign. R 943.71 H686h
Article : Czech Republic, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1994, pp. 429, 594, 1995, pp. 399, 594, 1996 pp.397-398, 594, 1997 pp.482-483, 592, 2002 pp.414-415, 590 [G]
Article : Czech Republic, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1993-1994 pp.481-485, 1994-1995 pp.469-474, 1995-1996 pp.464-469, 1996-1997 pp.405-410, 1997-1998 pp.414-419, 1998-1999 pp.456-462, 2000 pp.525-532, 2001 pp.511-517, 2002 pp.532-539, 2003 pp.531-538, 2004 pp.532-539, 2005 pp.530-538, 2006 pp.525-533 [G]
Entry : Background Notes - Czech Republic, pp.109-115; Travel Warning - Czech Republic, pp.467-468, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2000, Supplement [G]
Entry : Czech Republic, Cabinet p.32-33, Background Notes : Czech Republic, pp.476-482, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Entry : Czech Republic, pp.402-407 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]
Article : Czech Republic, in : Americana Annual 1994 pp.201-202 (on events of 1993) [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on October 18th 2006, last revised on March 11th 2007

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