Germany, 1918-1919 |
Administration . Foreign Policy . Domestic Policy . The Economy . Demography
Stamps issued by Bayern (= Bavaria), overprinted Volksstaat Bayern (People's State Bavaria, revolutionary) respectively
Freistaat Bayern (Free State Bavaria, after the revolutionary government had been toppled), both issued in 1919. |
When Germany was unified in 1871, two federal states - Bavaria and Württemberg - were granted the right to continue with the emission of stamps. Bavaria continued doing so until 1920, Württemberg until 1923.
Note : the following links lead to EXTERNAL sites. The webmaster of
WORLD HISTORY AT KMLA does neither take responsible for the contents of these sites nor sympathize with the political perspective
they express. |
Users are advised to be careful, as some of the documents may advocate marxism and revolution, others authoritarianism and the use of violence against "bolzhevists".
Articles from Wikipedia :
German Election, 1919,
Treaty of Versailles,
Weimar Republic |
The German Revolution of 1918, by G. Rempel, Western New England College
Upheaval in Germany, the Peace Treaty and Imperialism, in Notes on the 20th Century by F.E. Smitha
Biography of Rosa Luxemburg, from Calendar of Authors
Images from 2000 Jahre Chronik and from
The German Revolution : Documents (Pamphlets), from Subversion Home Page (English transl.)
Images of Street Fighting in Berlin, from marxist.com
Karl Liebknecht Archive, from marxists.org
SPD posters, Weimar Republic, from Archiv der Sozialen Demokratie, Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, comment in German
Photos, Weimar Republic, from Archiv der Sozialen Demokratie, Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, comment in German
Treaty of Versailles, from Univ. of San Diego, History Dept.
Map : Germany according to the Treaty of Versailles, from Univ. of San Diego, History Dept.
Aufruf des sozialdemokratischen Vorwärts (9. November 1918) (The Social Democratic Daily Vorwaerts publishes an appeal to the Germans, on the occasion of the Kaiser's abdication), from PSM - Data Geschichte
Die Verfassung des Deutschen Reiches vom 11. August 1919, (The German Empire's constitution of August 11th 1919 (= Weimar constitution)), from PSM - Data Geschichte
Reichspräsident und Reichsregierung am 26. September 1923 (Aufruf zum Abbruch des passiven Widerstandes) (President and Government, Appeal to the Germans to end passive resistance), from PSM - Data Geschichte
Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, Goerlitzer Programm , 1921, posted by Marxists' Internet Archive, in German
Abdication of Wilhelm II (9/28 November 1918), from Heraldica, scroll down; text in German
Images from Chronik 2000 Bilddatenbank : Philipp Scheidemann proclaimes the Republic, Nov. 9th 1918; Ex=Emperor Wilhelm II. and his host, Count Godard Bentinck, in the park of Palais Amerongen; Ex-Emperor Wilhelm II. when crossing the border into the Netherlands; Burial of the sailors who were killed on Nov. 9th 1918; Nov. 11th 1918, railcar of Gen. Foch where the truce was signed that day
Frederic V. Grunfeld, The Hitler File. A Social History of Germany and the Nazis, 1918-1945, NY : Random House 1974 [G; actually a pictorial
Article : Germany, in : New International Year Book 1918 pp.249-257, 1919 pp.286-297 [G]
Article : Germany, in : Statesman's Year Book 1919 pp.886-911 [G]
1986, in German with English subtitles, focusses on the biography of R.L. |
Berlin, Synfonie einer Stadt, 1927, German with English subtitles; filmed as a "melody of images', the director sympathized with the Spartakists.
This page is part of World History at KMLA|
First posted in 2000, last revised on November 4th 2007
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