Region III :
Low Countries
Region V :
France
Last revised on November 27th 2001

Central Europe, Extensive Table of Contents

click here for an
Index of Geographical Names
, leading to subdirectories organized by geographical region





Prehistory
Prehistory The Pre-Roman Era
Celts and Germanics

Germania in Antiquity
Roman Germania Germania Libera

The Frankish period
Frankish Kingdom
Merovingian Dyn., 481-751
Frankish Kingdom
Carolingian Dyn., 751-887
Alamanni Bavarians Saxons
Frisians The Wends Carantania
7th c-895
Greater Moravia
9th c-906

The Era of the Vikings
Viking, Saracen and
Hungarian Raids
East Frankish Kgd.
887-918
Frisia The Wends Bohemia

The High Middle Ages
The Ottonians The Slavic East Feudalism Investiture Conflict
Urbanization Bohemia

Late Middle Ages
The Empire's Structure Rise of the Territories Dynastic Policy Hanseatic League Bohemia 1198-1306
Late Przemyslids
Bohemia 1310-1437
Luxemburg Dynasty
Austrian Lands
before 1519

Reformation and Counterreformation
Reformation The Peasant's War The Empire Dynasties and Estates Counterreformation Uneasy Peace
1530-1618
Reformation
in Brandenburg
Bohemia 1410-1526
The Hussite Period
Bohemia 1526-1618
Habsburg Rule
Austrian Lands
1519-1618

Wars of Religion - Thirty Years War, 1618-1648
Thirty Years War The War in Austria The War in Bohemia The War in Brandenburg

Era of Absolutism
The Empire
Austria
1648-1740
Brandenburg
1640-1701
Hannover
1648-1714
Wolfenbuettel
1648-1735
Oldenburg
1667-1773
East Frisia
1654-1744
Osnabrueck
1648-1728
Hildesheim
1643-1723
Muenster
1650-1718
Paderborn
1650-1719
Kleve-Mark
1666-1740
Lippe
1650-1747
Minden-Ravensberg
1666-1740
Cologne
1648-1723
Juelich-Berg
1666-1742
Trier
1652-1729
Mainz
1647-1743
Worms
1652-1732
Speyer
1652-1743
Pfalz-Zweibruecken
1648-1740
Pfalz
1648-1742
Nassau
1648-1744
Hessen-Kassel
1648-1736
Hessen-Darmstadt
1648-1736
Lorraine
1648-1737
Alsace
1648-1697
Baden
1648-1738
Vorderoesterreich
1648-1740
Basel
1648-1737
Austria
1740-1790
Bohemia Prussia
1701-1795
Hannover
1714-1806
Braunschweig
1735-1815
Oldenburg
1773-1815
East Frisia
1744-1815
Osnabrueck
1728-1815
Hildesheim
1723-1815
Muenster
1719-1815
Paderborn
1719-1815
Kleve-Mark
1740-1815
Lippe
1747-1815
Minden-Ravensberg
1740-1815
Cologne
1723-1815
Juelich-Berg
1742-1815
Trier
1729-1815
Mainz
1743-1815
Worms
1732-1815
Speyer
1743-1815
Pfalz-Zweibruecken
1740-1815
Pfalz
1742-1815
Nassau
1744-1815
Hessen-Kassel
1744-1815
Hessen-Darmstadt
1736-1815
Lorraine
1737-1766
Alsace
1697-1789
Baden
1738-1815
Vorderoesterreich
1740-1815
Basel
1737-1815

French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars
German Reaction Austria 1789-1815 Prussia 1786-1815 French Satellites
Kgd. of Westphalia
French Satellites
Confederation of the Rhine
French Satellites
Grand Duchy Berg
French Satellites
Mainz Republic
1792-1793
French Satellites
Cisrhenian Republic
1797

Restauration, Constitutionalism and Early Nationalism
German Federation Prussia 1815-1848 Smaller States
1815-1848
The Industrial Revolution German Customs Union
(Zollverein)
Rising Nationalism
Austria 1815-1848
Domestic Policy
Austria 1815-1848
Economic Policy
Austria 1815-1848
Foreign Policy
Hannover
1815-1866
Braunschweig
1815-1871
Oldenburg
1815-1871
Lippe
1815-1871
Nassau
1815-1866
Hessen-Kassel
1815-1866
Hessen-Darmstadt
1815-1871
Baden
1815-1871

The Revolution of 1848/1849
Germany Austria 1848/49
the Revolution
Austria 1848/49
Foreign Policy
Bohemia, Slovenia, Frisia

19th Century Nationalism
Prussia 1849-1862 Germany 1849-1866 Germany's
Unification 1871
Austria 1849-1866
Domestic Policy
Austria 1849-1866
the Economy
Austria 1849-1866
Foreign Policy

Era Bismarck, 1871-1890
Kaiserreich
Foreign Policy
Kaiserreich
Domestic Policy
Kaiserreich
The Economy
Kaiserreich
The Social Problem
Kaiserreich
Science, Technology
Austria 1867-1893
Domestic Policy
Austria 1867-1893
the Economy
Austria 1867-1893
Foreign Policy
The Czech Lands

Fin de Siecle, 1890-1914
Kaiserreich
Foreign Policy
Kaiserreich
Domestic Policy
Kaiserreich
Colonial Policy
Kaiserreich
The Economy
Kaiserreich
The Social Problem
Austria 1893-1914
Domestic Policy
Austria 1893-1914
the Economy
Austria 1893-1914
Foreign Policy

World War I and post-war turmoil, 1914-1923
German
Strategies and Goals
The War
German Perspective
Germany
Home Front
Austria-Hungary
War, 1914-1918
Austria-Hungary
War Economy
Austria-Hungary
Domestic Policy
Czech Lands
1914-1918
German Revolution
1918-1919
Establishment of
the Republic 1918-1919
Germany
1920-1923
Austria
1918-1920

The Democratic 1920es and the Great Depression
The Weimar Republic
Golden Twenties, 1924-1928
Austria
1920-1933
The Weimar Republic
Great Depression, 1929-1932

Rightist Dictatorships : the 1930es
Nazi Germany
1933-1939
Austria
1933-1938

World War II
Appeasement
1936-1939
The Early Years
1939-1941
The Invasion of Russia
1941-1942
The Defeat
1943-1945
Home Front Occupied
Territories
Holocaust Austria
1938-1945
Czech Lands
1939-1945

Post-War Years, 1945-1948
Occupied Germany
the west, 1945-1948
Occupied Germany
the east, 1945-1948
Occupied Germany
Berlin, 1945-1949
Occupied Austria
1945-1955

Cold War and Economic Recovery, 1949-1969
FRG, 1949-1969
Foreign Policy
GDR, 1949-1969
Foreign Policy
FRG, 1949-1969
Domestic Policy
GDR, 1949-1969
Domestic Policy
FRG, 1949-1969
Economy
GDR, 1949-1969
Economy
Berlin, 1949-1969 Austria, 1955-1969

Detente and the End of a Boom Economy, 1969-1989
FRG 1969-1989
Foreign Policy
GDR 1969-1989
Foreign Policy
FRG 1969-1989
Domestic Policy
GDR 1969-1989
Domestic Policy
FRG 1969-1989
Economy
GDR 1969-1989
Economy
Berlin, 1969-1989 Austria, 1969-1990

German Reunification, 1989-1990
Recent History
Germany's Unification

Recent History
Recent History
The Czech Republic and Slovenia

EXTERNAL
FILES
Virtual Library : History : German History, from Univ. Erlangen
Country Studies : Germany , Austria, East Germany, Czechoslovakia (former) from Library of Congress
Links to Austrian History, from Bobst Library at NYU
Oesterreich-Lexikon, from AEIOU (online Austria Lexikon) bilingual German and English, many entries
Zentrales Verzeichnis Antiquarischer Buecher, search engine for German Antiquarian booksellers' stocks
DOCUMENTS Repositories of Primary Sources : Europe : Austria, from Univ. of Idaho; scroll further down for Germany. Mostly Archive Webpages
Documents on German History for the preparation of history class, from psm-data (in German and/or English)
German legal documents (laws, constitutions) 1871-today, from Documentarchiv, in German only
Primary Documents to the History of Germany, Austria (-Hungary) from Eurodocs
Sources to Habsburg History, from Habsburg Net
Documents in German History : Texts and Translations, from Univ. of Newcastle, exclusively on the 18th century, mostly in German and English
Historische Quellen, posted by the Louise Schroeder Gymnasium Muenchen
Photos on Austrian History, from AustroDIR, index/comment in German, 311 images 1900-1975
REFERENCE Eleanor L. Turk, The History of Germany, London : Greenwood 1999, 231 pp.
Mary Fulbrook, A Concise History of Germany, Cambridge : Cambridge Univ. Press 1991, 263 pp.
Derek Sayer, The Coasts of Bohemia, A Czech History, Princeton : Univ. Press 1998, 442 pp.








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