Hessen 1500-1568 1648-1736

Hessen-Darmstadt, 1568-1648

When the Landgraviate of Hessen was partitioned among the sons of Landgrave Philipp in 1568, son Georg inherited roughly a quarter of his father's territory. Georg took up residence in Darmstadt; hence his line is referred to as the Landgraves (Counts) of Hessen Darmstadt.
In 1583, Landgrave Philipp of Hessen-Rheinfels died childless, and Hessen-Darmstadt gained territory out of the partitioning of Hessen-Rheinfels; when Landgrave Ludwig of Hessen-Marburg died in 1604, the lines Hessen-Darmstadt and Hessen-Kassel conflicted over the inheritance. When, temporarily, Hessen Kassel prevailed in their claim over the city of Marburg and her university, in 1607 the high school in Giessen (on H-D territory) was promoted to the rank of university. However, the Emperor supported Hessen-Darmstadt's claim on Marburg, and this city was added to the H-D possessions as well. In the 30 Years War, Hessen Darmstadt sided with the Emperor in an attempt to further gain territory at the expense of Hessen-Kassel; this policy failed miserably.
A Geheimer Rat (Secret Council) was established in 1617.

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Hessia (-Kassel). Short info about Hessia, from Franken
Article Hesse, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1910 edition
Vom "populus Hassiorum" zu "Greater Hesse", from Hesseninformationen in German
Geschichte in Stichworten, from Darmstadt Homepage, in German
A Short History Of Darmstadt, by Uwe Beilborn
REFERENCE Territorien-Ploetz : Geschichte der Deutschen Länder, Vol.1, Würzburg 1964, pp.206-2078
Coins of Hessen-Darmstadt, 1601-1700, in Krause, Mishler, Standard Catalog of World Coins : Seventeenth Century 1601-1700, 2nd ed., 2000, pp.508-510
Karl E. Demandt, Geschichte des Landes Hessen (History of the Land of Hessen), Kassel : Bärenreiter 1959, in German

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on January 15th 2007

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