1568-1648 1736-1815

Hessen-Darmstadt, 1648-1736

Hessen-Darmstadt suffered from the effects of the 30 YEARS WAR. Count ERNST LUDWIG spent a lot on construction and further invested in alchemist research; he left the state heavily indebted. The Estates (prelates, nobility, cities) had little authority. In 1671 the THEATER in Darmstadt was opened, In 1693, Darmstadt was burnt down by the French. During the Wat of Spanish succession, Hessen-Darmstadt sided with the Emperor; the Count participating in the conquest and subsequent defence of Gibraltar (1704-1705). 1711 the theater was expanded in a combined opera-theater. In 1719 a tax reform was implemented, the tax deputation abolished

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Hessia (-Kassel). Short info about Hessia, from Franken
Article Hesse, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1910 edition
Vom "populus Hassiorum" zu "Greater Hesse", from Hesseninformationen in German
Geschichte in Stichworten, from Darmstadt Homepage, in German
A Short History Of Darmstadt, by Uwe Beilborn
DOCUMENTS List of Grand Dukes, from World Statesmen
REFERENCE Territorien-Ploetz : Geschichte der Deutschen Länder, Vol.1, Würzburg 1964, pp.206-2078
Coins of Hessen-Darmstadt, 1601-1700, in Krause, Mishler, Standard Catalog of World Coins : Seventeenth Century 1601-1700, 2nd ed., 2000, pp.508-510
Coins of Hessen-Darmstadt, 1701-1800, in : Krause, Mishler, Standard Catalog of World Coins : Eighteenth Century 1701-1800, 2nd ed., 1997, pp.374-378
Karl E. Demandt, Geschichte des Landes Hessen (History of the Land of Hessen), Kassel : Bärenreiter 1959, in German

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on January 15th 2007

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