1736-1815










Hessen-Kassel, 1815-1866



As a result of Landgraf Friedrich II. leasing his soldiers to Britain in the War of American Independence, and the administration of the earnings by the Rothschild family, Hessen Kassel under Elector Wilhelm I. (1813-1821) was a rich monarchy. Wilhelm I. was also extraordinarily reactionary.
His son Wilhelm II. in 1831 adopted a CONSTITUTION, replaced in 1848 by a more liberal constitution during the German Revolution of 1848. Elector FRIEDRICH WILHELM I. (1847-1866) later cancelled the constitution altogether and suppressed political freedom.
In 1866, in the Austro-Prussian or Seven Weeks War, Hessen-Kassel sided with Austria. The country was occupied by Prussian troops and annexed into Prussia, becoming part of the Prussian Province Hessen-Nassau.



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EXTERNAL
FILES
Hessia (-Kassel). Short info about Hessia, from Franken
Article Hesse-Cassel, from Encyclopedia of 1848 Revolutions
Article Hesse, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1910 edition
Vom "populus Hassiorum" zu "Greater Hesse", from Hesseninformationen in German
Geschichte der Stadt Kassel, from kassel.de, in German
Landgraviate of Hesse-Cassel, from Thomas Hoeckmann, maps, links, in German
Die Kurhessische Landesgeschichte in Kürze, by Hans-Dieter Scholz, in German
DOCUMENTS Flag of Hessen-Kassel, from FOTW
List of Electors of Hessen-Kassel, from World Statesmen by Ben Cahoon
Verfassungsurkunde für das Kurfürstentum Hessen, 5. Januar 1831 (Constitution of 1831), from Documentarchiv and from verfassungen.de, both in German
Warrant for the arrest of the Editors/Publishers of the "Hessischer Landbote", 1834, posted by LSG, in German
Acte du Congres de Vienne du 9 juin 1815 : Hanovre, Oldenbourg, Prusse, Hesse, from Histoire Empire
REFERENCE



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on April 23rd 2002, last revised on January 15th 2007

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