The Holy Roman Empire, 1792-1806

The final years of the Holy Roman Empire are largely overshadowed by the First War of the Coalition. When France annexed Imperial territory on the left bank of the Rhine, he offered territorial princes who had ceded territory to France compensation from ecclesiastic states on the right bank of the Rhine, to be secularized (Reichsdeputationshauptschluss, 1803). A number of German princes got a good deal, gaining considerably more territory than they had lost. In 1806, French diplomacy caused Francis I. to call himself Emperor of Austria instead of Holy Roman Emperor; the Empire ceased to exist. The Confederation of the Rhine, excluding Prussia and Austria, was founded, as a (pro-French) successor organization.

Article Reichsdeputationshauptschluss, from Wikipedia, in German; from aeiou
DOCUMENTS Reichsdeputationshauptschluss, 1803, from Documentarchiv, from Univ. W&iiml;rzburg, both in German

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on October 6th 2003, last revised on November 12th 2004

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