1666-1742 Prussia 1815-1848

Jülich-Berg, 1742-1815

In 1742 the line of the Counts/Dukes of Pfalz-Neuburg (Palatine) ended; the territories of Palatine, Jülich and Berg fell to Duke KARL THEODOR OF PFALZ-SULZBACH of the Wittelsbach Dynasty. In 1777 he inherited the Duchy of Bavaria and moved his residence to Munich. Between 1756 and 1762, 1772 and 1778, French troops were quartered in the city (fortress) of Jülich - in agreement with the Duke who pursued a pro-French foreign policy. Karl Theodor had SCHLOSS BENRATH built by architect Nicolas de Pigage (1723-1798).
In 1766 begin of planned road construction in the Duchy of Berg. In 1773 the JESUIT ORDER was expelled. In 1774 the ACADEMY OF FINE ARTS in Düsseldorf was established.
In 1794 Jülich was occupied by French troops and became part of the CISRHENANIAN REPUBLIC (1797), later the same year annexed into France; Bavaria was compensated by Ansbach and Bayreuth. In Düsseldorf, Napoleon Bonaparte installed his general (see GRAND DUCHY OF BERG). In 1813/1815 the area fell to Prussia.

During the second half of the 18th century, in the rugged east of the Duchy of Berg WATERMILLS provide the power supply for an emerging early industry (forgery, tools). The textile industry of ELBERFELD and BARMEN also flourished.

Dukes of Jülich & Berg
Karl Philipp (1742-1799)
Maximilian Joseph of Pfalz-Zweibrücken (1799-1803, only Berg)
Wilhelm of Pfalz-Birkenfeld (1804-1806, only Berg)

Carl Theodor, from Zum
Aus der Geschichte der Stadt Jülich (chronology city of Jülich), from juelich.de
Zeitleiste Jülich in 18. Jh. (chronology city of Jülich, 17th c.), from Onlinebibliothek Jülich, detailed, in German
Schloss Benrath, from benrath.com
15. Marz 1797 : Jülicher Landdragoner unter französischer Verwaltung, from NRW 2000, in German
31. Dezember 1801 Der Frieden von Luneville. Die Jülicher Landdragoner werden aufgelöst, from NRW 2000, in German
15. Marz 1806 Das alte bergische Sicherheitskorps und die Dillenburger Husaren im Grossherzogtum Berg, from NRW 2000, in German
DOCUMENTS Image : Fortress Jülich, 18th century, from Zum
Map of the Duchy of Berg, 1789 from Thomas Hoeckmann
Map of the Duchy of Jülich, 1789, from Thomas Hoeckmann
Coin of Jülich-Berg 1793 : 3 Stüber, from Napoleonic Medals
Map featuring the Jülich (Juliers) and Berg in 1792, from Gardiner's Atlas of English History, 1892
Map featuring Berg in 1803, posted by Val Rozn
REFERENCE Territorien-Ploetz : Geschichte der Deutschen Länder, Vol.1, Würzburg 1964, pp.170-178
Coins of Jülich-Berg, 1701-1800, in : Krause, Mishler, Standard Catalog of World Coins : Eighteenth Century 1701-1800, 2nd ed., 1997, pp.388-391

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on January 3rd 2002, last revised on November 12th 2004

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