The Duchy of Oldenburg, 1815-1871

In 1815 the Duchy of Oldenburg, with her territorial gains of 1803, was restored; it gained the PRINCIPALITY OF BIRKENFELD far distant in the Saar region. It kept the PRINCIPALITY OF LÜBECK (around Eutin, eastern Holstein) gained in 1767-1773. In 1818 Oldenburg gained the JEVERLAND (1793-1806 Russian, 1806-1810 to Holland, 1810-1813 French, 1813-1818 Russian) from Russia.
In 1823, the Duchy of Oldenburg had a population of 218,000.
Prussia, desiring to establish a port on the North Sea coast, in 1853 putchased territory on the Jade Bay from Oldenburg, where construction of a port city was begun. In 1869 King Wilhelm of Prussia inaugurated the port, christening it WILHELMSHAVEN after himself.
In 1854 Oldenburg joined the ZOLLVEREIN; in 1866 it entered into an alliance with Prussia; Oldenburg troops fought alongside the Prussians in the war of 1866 against Austria. In 1867 Oldenburg joined the NORTHERN GERMAN CONFEDERATION. In 1871 the Duke of Oldenburg was among those who elected King Wilhelm of Prussia Kaiser Wilhelm I. in the Hall of Mirrors in Versailles. Within the Empire, Oldenburg remained an autonomous state, with her exclaves of Eutin and Birkenfeld.

Dukes of Oldenburg
Wilhelm (1813-1823)
Peter Friedrich Ludwig (1823-1829)
Paul Friedrich August (1829-1853)
Nikolaus Friedrich Peter (1853-1900)

Geschichte Wilhelmshavens, from Wilhelmshaven Online, trilingual German, English, French
Article Oldenburg, from Catholic Encyclopedia
Geschichte von Jever, from Jever Online
DOCUMENTS List of Grand Dukes, from World Statesmen by Ben Cahoon
Stamps of Oldenburg, from Stamps Catalogue
Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, Historical Flags, from FOTW
Declaration of Accession of His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Oldenburg, Under the Twelfth Article of the Treaty with Hanover. March 10, 1847, from Avalon Project
Entry Oldenburg, in : W. Gracie, General Gazetteer, 1823
Staatsgrundgesetz fur das Grossherzogtum Oldenburg (Constitution of the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg), 1904, from Heraldica, in German; a number of stipulations date back to older laws.
Territorial Convention between Hanover and Oldenburg. (Bremen.), Feb. 4th 1817, from Gallica, Hertslet Vol.1 No.66 p.502
Russian Patent on Cession of Lordship of Jever to Holstein-Oldenburg. (Warsaw.), April 18th 1818, from Gallica, Hertslet Vol.1 No.78 p.540
Protocol. 5 Powers. Toll of Elsfleth. (Aix-la-Chapelle.), Nov. 14th 1818, from Gallica, Hertslet Vol.1 No.86 p.569
Patent of Duke of Oldenburg, on taking Possession of Jever. (Oldenburg.), Aug. 6th 1821, from Gallica, Hertslet Vol.1 No.116 p.705
Convention between Oldenburg and Count Bentinck. Seignory of Kniphausen. (Berlin.), June 8th 1825, from Gallica, Hertslet Vol.1 No.123 p.722
Acte du Congres de Vienne du 9 juin 1815 : Hanovre, Oldenbourg, Prusse, Hesse, from Histoire Empire
REFERENCE Territorien-Ploetz : Geschichte der Deutschen Länder, Vol.1, Würzburg 1964, pp.378-379

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on April 24th 2002, last revised on November 12th 2004

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