1941-1945 1980-1991

Slovenia 1945-1980

In the later phase of World War II, Yugoslavia was liberated gradually, and within the country, it reached Slovenia last. Slovenia's borders with Italy were redrawn, as much of Venezia Giulia (i.e. the historic County of Gorizia, and Istria) were annexed by Yugoslavia in 1947, and Trieste Zone B (SST Vuja) was annexed in 1954. Slovenian hopes to annex part of the Austrian state of Carinthia, home to a sizeable Slovenian minority, did not materialize.
The second Yugoslav Republic was established as a federation of nation-states, Slovenia being the northernmost, and smallest by population. As long as Josip Broz Tito ruled, this federal structure was largely defunct, as policies were decided by the Tito administration. Yugoslavia became a communist one-party state, with a communist economy and an atheist state philosophy.
The country's entire ethnic German and Italian minorities were blamed for having collaborated with the Nazi occupation; the larger part was expelled, those who remained forced no longer to speak German. Thus the Gottschee German community in southern Slovenia was terminated. Many of Slovenia's ethnic Germans were arrested and held in camps (Sterntal/Strnisce, Tüchern/Teharje, Gutenhaag), where over 10,000 perished.
Private property (farmland, factories and businesses) were nationalized; those whose loyalty in the communist state was doubted, bourgeois and Catholics alike, treated as the usual suspects. Especially the Catholic church, during the first two decades of communist rule, was the target of state suppression, the climax of such policies being the attempted poisoning of the Bishop of Ljubljana.
In the early 1950es Yugoslavia acceopted Marshall Plan aid; the country from the early 1960es permitted her residents to seek employment abroad (many went to Austria and the FRG, some to the GDR). State-owned enterprises were allowed to manage their own businesses.
Within the Yugoslav economy, Slovenia developed the strongest, the republic with 1/13th of the total population in the end producing 1/3 of the country's exports. Household appliance maker Gorenje may be regarded Slovenia's most famous brand.
Yugoslavia, like other Eastern European communist states, developed sports facilities and supported talented athletes. In Slovenia, an alpine skiing infrastructure was developed. Yugoslavia, from the 1970es onward, also pursued a policy of trying to attract western tourists. While this mainly affected the Istrian and Dalmatian coast (within Croatia), Slovenia also benefitted (the Slovenian share of the Istrian coast; the Slovenian caves, most notably Postojna - Adelsberg).
Tv broadcasting began in 1958. Ljubljana's Brnik Airport was opened in 1963.

History of Ljubljana, from Ljubljana
Timeline, from BBC News
Article Slovenia, from Wikipedia
History of Gorenje, from Gorenje
A Short History of Gottschee, from Gottschee.org
Radio-Television Slovenia, from Wikipedia
Brnik Airport, from Wikipedia
Italians and Others in Trieste, Istria, Dalmatia by Titoists 1945-194?, from Genocides and Ethnic Cleansings in Central and Eastern Europe ..
Landsmannschaft der Deutsch-Untersteirer in Österreich
DOCUMENTS Historical Population Statistics : Slovenia, from Population Statistics

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on October 14th 2006

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