The Princebishopric of Speyer, 1652-1743

The diocesis of Speyer was one of the smaller ecclesiastic states in Germany, with territory extending to both banks of the Rhine. The city of Speyer did not belong to her territory; she was a free imperial city. In the time of the reformation the princebishopric had briefly been a secundogeniture of the PALATINE.
The fortress of PHILIPPSBURG is located on Speyer territory on the right bank of the Rhine; it was conquered by Imperial troops from the French in 1676, by French troops in 1688, again by the French in 1734. Bishop DAMIAN HUGO (1719-1743) moved the residence from Speyer to BRUCHSAL in 1719 (he was ordained a priest in 1720). In 1722 he introduced MANDATORY SCHOOLING for kids between 6 and 12 years of age. In 1724 he established a PRIEST'S SEMINARY. The princebishopric suffered greatly from Louis XIV.'s wars; the city of Speyer, with cathedral, was burnt in 1689.

Princebishops of Speyer
Lothar Friedrich von Metternich (1652-1675)
Johann Hugo von Orsbeck (1675-1711)
Heinrich Hartard von Rollingen (1711-1719)
Damian Hugo von Schoenborn (1719-1743)

Article Speyer, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1912 edition
Die Geschichte der Stadt Bruchsal, from H.D. Mueller, in German
Das Schloss - eine chronologische Abfolge, by H.D. Mueller, in German
DOCUMENTS List of Princebishops, from Regnal Chronologies
Image : Fortress Philippsburg, 1734, from ZUM
Damian Hugo Philipp von Schönborn, Biography from BBKL, in German
REFERENCE Territorien-Ploetz : Geschichte der Deutschen Länder, Vol.1, Würzburg 1964, pp.352-353
Coins of Worms 1601-1700, in Krause, Mishler, Standard Catalog of World Coins : Seventeenth Century 1601-1700, 2nd ed., 2000, p.757
Coins of Worms (Free Imperial City) , 1701-1800, in : Krause, Mishler, Standard Catalog of World Coins : Eighteenth Century 1701-1800, 2nd ed., 1997, p.526

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on January 3rd 2002, last revised on November 11th 2004

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