History by Country . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . HI . JK . L . M . N . OP . QR . S . TUV . WXYZ

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First posted on August 14th 2009, last revised using Dr. Link Check on October 4th 2012

The files listed below deal with the history of the complex of territories under Habsburg rule, Austrian line, as a whole. For the history of individual territories / groups of territories, click :
Austrian Lands (Austrian Littoral, Carinthia, Carniola, Lower Austria, Salzburg, Styria, Tyrol, Upper Austria, Vorarlberg), Bohemian Lands (Austrian Silesia, Bohemia, Moravia), Hungary, Galicia, Transylvania, Croatia, Dalmatia, Slavonia, Bukovina, Austrian Netherlands, Mantua, Milan, Lombardo-Venetia, Naples (1718-1735), Sardinia (1718-1720), Sicily (1720-1735),
Slovakia, Slovenia
The term Habsburg Empire is to be understood as the complex of territories ruled by the Habsburg Dynasty. As such, it has been phrased by modern historians and does not appear in historical documents; it is not to be confused with the Holy Roman Empire, often simply referred to as the Empire, in which the influence of the Habsburg Emperors was rather limited.
In 1806 the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved and Francis I. assumed the title "Emperor of Austria" which was applied to the entirety of his territorial possessions. Since the Compromise of 1867, the expression "Austria-Hungary" was used; the files listed below, from 1867 on, for domestic policy, the economy and intellectual life, refer to the Austrian half of Austria-Hungary, also referred to as Cisleithania.

Habsburg Lands, 1648-1683, 1683-1712, 1712-1740, 1740-1780, 1780-1790, 1789-1815

Regions : Archduchy of Austria, Styria, Kingdom of Illyria, Tyrol with Vorarlberg, Croatia, Slavonia, Dalmatia, Lombardo-Venetia, Bohemia, Moravia, Galicia, Hungary, Transylvania, Vojvodina of Serbia and the Banat of Temeschwar

Austria 1806-1815
Austria 1815-1848 : Domestic Policy ; Economic Policy ; Foreign Policy
Austria 1848/49 : the Revolution ; Foreign Policy
Austria 1849-1866 : Domestic Policy ; Economy ; Foreign Policy

Click here for Austria-Hungary, Cisleithania, Transleithania (= Hungary 1867-1919

Historical Encyclopedias : Austrian History 1815-1914
Historical Atlas, Austria-Hungary (1806-1918)
List of Wars, Habsburg Austrian Line / Austrian Empire / Austria-Hungary Page

For the history since 1918 see Austria, Czech Republic, Poland (for Galicia), Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, Italy (for southern Tyrol, Gorizia, Triest), Romania (for Transylvania, the southern Bukovina), Ukraine (for Carpatho-Ruthenia, the northern Bukovina)

Students' Papers : Park, Young Jin, Multicultural Metropoleis : Vienna and Istanbul, as described in Historic Encyclopedias (2009)
Students' Papers : Park, Sang Woo, Turning Points in History : The Battle of Kahlenberg (Vienna) 1683 (2008)

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles modern Article : Austrian Empire, from : Wikipedia
Article : Kaisertum Österreich, from Wikipedia German edition
historical F. Shoberl, Austria: containing a description of the manners, customs, character and costumes of the people of that empire, 1828, GB
W.K.W. Blumenbach, Austria and the Austrians, 1837, IA
Peter Evan Turnbull, Austria, London 1840 (2 vols), posted on IA
A.A. Schmidl, Das Kaiserthum Österreich, 1841, in German, GB
M. Kubrakiewicz, C.F. Henningsen, Revelations of Austria, London 1846, vol.1, vol.2, IA
E.P. Thompson, Austria, 1849, GB
Ludwig Ritter von Heufler, Österreich und seine Kronländer : ein geographischer Versuch, 1856, in German, GB
J.St.C. Abbott, The Empire of Austria: its rise and present power, 1859, GB
J.O. Lever, Austria, Her Positions and Prospects, 1861, IA
J. Arenstein, Austria at the International Exhibition of 1862, 1862, GB
Links on History
Organizations Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Historische Kommission, Kommission für die Geschichte der Habsburgermonarchie, in German
Bundesdenkmalamt Österreich (Federal Monument Administration, Austria); site in German
österreichische Gesellschaft für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, in German
Verband Österreichischer Archivarinnen und Archivare
Österreichische Numismatische Gesellschaft
Institut für Historische Familienforschung, Österreich
Historical Dictionaries click here
AEIOU, Austria from A to Z; options English, German versions
J.J.H. Czikann, Oesterreichische National-Encyklopädie, oder, Alphabetische Darlegung der wissenswürdigsten Eigenthümlichkeiten des österreichischen Kaiserthumes ... vol.1 : A-D, 1835, GB, vol.2 : E-H, 1835, GB, vol.3 : J-M 1835, GB, vol.4 : N-Sedria, 1836, GB, vol.5 : Seeauer-V, 1836, GB, vol.6 : W-Z, Suppl., 1837, GB, in German
Timelines Timeline, from timelines.ws
Accounts of History General, Modern Article : Austrian Empire, from : Wikipedia
Article : Kaisertum Österreich, from Wikipedia German edition
General, Historical Joseph Calasanza von Arneth, Geschichte des Kaiserthumes Österreich, 1827, in German, GB
W. Coxe, History of the House of Austria, 1218-1792, vol.1, 1847, vol.2, 1847, vol.3, 1847, GB
E. Vehse, Memoirs of the court, aristocracy, and diplomacy of Austria, vol.1, 1856, vol.2, 1856, GB
E.P. Peabody, Crimes of the house of Austria against mankind, 1852, GB
Specific Periods W. Peake, The Empire of Austria during its Late Revolutionary Crisis, 1851, IA
Ch.E. Maurice, The Revolutionary Movement of 1848-49 in Austria-Hungary and Germany, 1887, IA
W.H. Stiles, Austria in 1848-49, 1852, IA
H. Friedjung, Österreich von 1848 bis 1860 (1908) vol.1, in German, IA
F.X. Pillersdorf, Austria in 1848 and 1849: The political movement in Austria , 1850, GB
Oesterreich und die Constitution, von einem Juristen, 1848, in German, GB
Administration Institutions K.F. von Hock, Der österreichische Staatsrath (1760-1848), 1879, in German, IA
Bureaucracy A. Lanier, Von der Moral als staatsmännischer Qualität. Zur Person des Hofkammerpräsidenten Kübeck, 1998, in German
Foreign Relations A. de Miltitz, Manuel des Consuls, vol.2 pt.2 : Des Consulats a l'Etranger par les Principaux Etats de l'Europe et les Etats-Unis de l'Amerique du Nord, bk.3 : Etablissement des Consulats a l'Etranger, Section XI : Autriche, pp.1387-1458, 1839, in French, GB
Military Wars of Austria-Hungary / Austria 1800-1999, from ACED
Die Sieben Türkenkriege der Habsburger (The Seven Turkish Wars of the Habsburgs), from Flacker-Seiten, in German
The Austro-Hungarian Army, 1848-1918, by Glenn Jewison and Jörg C. Steiner
Österreichs Militärgeschichte : KuK (Austrian Military History, until 1918), from www.doppeladler.com, in German
G.B. McClellan, The armies of Europe: comprising descriptions in detail of the military systems of England, France, Russia, Prussia, Austria, and Sardinia .. in 1855-56 1861, GB
Economy & Finances Geschichte des Österreichischen Gewerbevereins (History of the Austrian Commercial Society), in German; History of Wiener Börse (Vienna Stock Exchange); Article Wirtschaftskammer Österreich (Austria Federal Chamber of Commerce), from Wikipedia German edition
International Textile History 1650-2000 : The Habsburg Monarchy and its Successor States Austria and Czechoslovakia, by Andrea Komlosy
Austrian Beers - Styles, History, Beers, from European Beer Guide
Austria, from European Textile Network (historical sites)
Bibliographie Österreichische Geldgeschichte (Bibl. Austrian Monetary History), from Österreichische Nationalbank
Franz-Xaver Neumann-Spallert, Österreichs Maritime Entwicklung und die Hebung von Triest (Austria's Maritime Development, and the Elevation of Triest), Stuttgart : Maier 1882, posted by DTBSWS
G. Browning, The domestic and financial condition of Great Britain; pre- ceded by a brief sketch of her foreign policy; and of the statistics and politics of France, Russia, Austria, and Prussia (1834), posted on Internet Archive
A. Beer, Die oösterreichische Handelspolitik im neunzehnten Jahrhundert (1891) in German, posted on Internet Archive
The present state of the finances and currency in Austria, 1853, GB
A. Lanier, The Loans of Post-Civil War Austria (1849-) 2006
A. Lanier, Die Geschichte des Bank- und Handelshauses Sina, 1998, in German
Fr. Feustel, Die österreich'sche Valuta: Eine Stimme aus Bayern, 1861, in German, GB
Die Preissteigerung der Lebensbed?fnisse in Wien und im österreichischen Kaiserstaate, ihre Progression, Ursachen und Heilmittel, 1851, in German, GB
Die Course der Staatspapiere von Frankreich, England, Preussen, Österreich und Russland in den Jahren 1854 und 1855, 1856, in German, GB
Social History Irene Bandhauer-Schoeffmann, Widows and Daughters : Austrian Business Women and their Status in Family Firms in the 19th and 20th Centuries, IEHC 2006
Kaiserthum Österreich, pp.9-35 in A. Judeich, Die Grundentlastung in Deutschland, 1863, in German, GB
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Austria, from Kirken i Norge
Jewish Virtual History Tour : Austria
Category Religion in Austria, from Wikipedia
Patron Saint Index : Austria
Article Austria, from Jewish Encyclopedia
J. Fessler, Die Protestantenfrage in Oesterreich, 1861, in German, GB
History of Regions see Cisleithania, Archduchy of Austria, Styria, Kingdom of Illyria, Tyrol, Lombardo-Venetia, Dalmatia, Bohemia, Moravia, Galicia, Transleithania, Hungary, Transylvania, Croatia, Slavonia; subregions Austrian Silesia, Carinthia, Carniola, Austrian Littoral, Vorarlberg, Salzburg, Bukovina, Vojvovida of Serbia and the Banat of Temeschwar
Local History History of Vienna, from Wikipedia, from Virtual Jewish History Tour
History of Innsbruck, from Wikipedia
History of Graz, from Wikipedia
History of Salzburg, from Wikipedia
Institutions History of the Austrian Academy of Sciences
Biographies Standard Works of Reference C. von Wurzbach, Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich vol.1, A-Blu, 1856, vol.2, Bui-Cor, 1857, vol.3, Cor-Ege, 1858, vol.4, Ege-Füc, 1858, vol.5, Füg-Gse, 1859, vol.6, Gua-Hab, 1860, vol.7, Hab-Har, 1861, vol.8, Har-Hey, 1862, vol.9, Hib-Hys, 1863, vol.10, Jab-Kar, 1863, vol.11, Kar-Kiw, 1864, vol.12, Kla-Kor, 1864, vol.13, Kos-Lag, 1865, vol.14, Las-Len, 1865, vol.15, Leo-Lom, 1866, vol.16, Lon-Mar, 1867, vol.17, Mar-Mes, 1867, vol.18, Met-Mol, 1868, vol.19, Mol-Mys, 1868, vol.20, Nab-Ode, 1869, in German, GB
Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815-1950, in German
Web Compilations, General Austria Forum, click on "Österreichische Biographie"; in German
Others Johann Baptist von Pfeilschifter, Beiträge zu einer Geschichte der Freimaurerei in Österreich, 1868, in German, GB; Ludwig Lewis, Geschichte der Freimaurerei in Öterreich im allgemeinen und der Wiener Loge zu St. Joseph insbesondere, 1861, in German, GB

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies; from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Staatskalender Hof- und Staats-Schematismus der röm. kaiserl. auch kaiserl.-königl. und erzherzogl. Residenzstadt Wien 1781, 1797, 1798, 1802, GB
Hof- und Staats-Schematismus des österreichischen Kaiserthumes 1843 pt.1, GB
Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Kaiserthumes Österreich 1844 pt.1, 1847 pt.1, 1856 pt.1, 1856 pt.5, 1858 pt.6, 1859 pt.2, 1859 pt.5, 1859 pt.6, 1866, 1868, GB
Oesterreichischer Militaer-Almanach 1792, 1793, 1797, GB
Schematismus der Kais. Königl. Armee (Militär-Almanach) 1804, 1805, GB
Militär-Schematismus des österreichischen Kaiserthums no report year, 1815, no report year, 1816, no report year, 1817, no report year, 1818, no report year, 1819, no report year, 1822, no report year, 1824, no report year, 1825, no report year, 1826, no report year, 1827, no report year, 1828, no report year, 1829, no report year, 1830, no report year, 1831, no report year, 1833, no report year, 1834, no report year, 1835, no report year, 1836, no report year, 1837, no report year, 1838, no report year, 1839, no report year, 1840, no report year, 1841, no report year, 1843, no report year, 1844, no report year, 1845, no report year, 1846, no report year, 1847, no report year, 1848, no report year, 1850, no report year, 1851, no report year, 1852, no report year, 1853, no report year, 1854, no report year, 1855, no report year, 1856, no report year, 1857, no report year, 1858, 1860-1861, 1861-1862, 1863, 1865, 1866, 1867, 1868, GB
Lists of Bishops List of Archbishops of Esztergom (Gran), Kiev-Galicia, Kalocsa-Kecskemet, Krakow, Olomouc (Olmütz), Prague (Praha), Salzburg, Vienna, Zagreb (Agram), from Wikipedia
Lists of Ambassadors List of Ambassadors from the United Kingdom to Austria, from Wikipedia
Ambassador of Russia to Austria, from Wikipedia
Article : United States Ambassador to Austria, from Wikipedia
Lists of Consuls France et Austriche, pp.226-236 in L.J.A. de Moreuil, Manuel des agents consulaires français et etrangers, 1853, in French, GB
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Austria, from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
Economic Data Austrian finances in the 17th and 18th centuries, from ESFDB
Statistisches Jahrbuch der Oesterreichischen Monarchie, 1866, in German, GB
Statistisches Handbüchlein des Kaiserthumes Österreich vol.1 1861, in German, GB
Documents Historical Newspapers Official Gazettes Austrian Newspapers Online [historical newspapers 1716-1939]
Online Yearbooks full text online Austria : Österreichischer Universal-Kalender vol.2, 1841, vol.6, 1845, vol.10, 1849, vol.11, 1850, vol.12, 1851, vol.13, 1852, vol.14, 1853, vol.16, 1855, GB
Statesman's Year-Book, Entry : Austria vol.1 1864 pp.2-21, GB, vol.2 1865 pp.1-23, GB, vol.3 1866 pp.3-27, GB
Image Databanks
Archival Deposits Nationaal Archief (NL) : Inventaris van het archief van het Gezantschap in Oostenrijk, 1814-1842
Constitutions, Laws Search Prassi Italiana di Dirito Internazionale, Indice delle leggi e degli altri atti normativi, for Austria, 357 entries, in Italian
Verfassungen Österreichs (Austrian Constitutions), posted by Verfassungen.eu, in German
Gesetzblatt für das Land Österreich, 1849-1940, in German, (1856) posted on Internet Archive
The Emperor's new code of criminal laws, 1787, GB
Allgemeine kriminal-Gerichtsordnung, 1788, in German, GB
Sammlung aller k.k. Verordnungen und Gesetze vom Jahre 1740. bis 1780 vol.2, 1787, vol.3, 1786, vol.4, 1786, vol.5, 1786, vol.6, 1786, vol.7, 1786, vol.8, 1787, vol.9 - index, 1787, in German, GB
Sr. k. k. Majestät Franz des Zweyten politische Gesetze und Verordnungen für die Oesterreichischen, Böhmischen und Galizischen Erbländer vol.1-3, 1793, vol.4-7, 1794, vol.8-9, 1796, vol.11-12, 1798, in German, GB
Allgemeines Reichs-Gesetz- und Regierungsblatt für das Kaiserthum Österreich 1849, 1850, 1850 pt.1, 1850, 1850 pt.2, 1850, 1850 pt.3, 1850, 1850 pt.4, 1850, 1850 Beilagenheft, 1850, Index until 1850, 1850, 1851, 1851, 1852, 1852, 1855, 1855, 1856, 1856, 1857, 1857, 1858, 1858, 1859, 1859, 1860, 1860, 1861, 1861, 1862, 1862, 1863, 1863, 1864, 1864, 1865, 1865, 1866, 1866, in German, GB
Treaties E. Hertslet, The Map of Europe by Treaty, Showing the Various Political and Territorial Changes which Have Taken Place since the General Peace of 1814, vol.1 1875, vol.2 1875, vol.3 1875, posted on Internet Archive
K. Martens, Recueil manuel et pratique de traites, conventions et autres actes diplomatiques, : sur lesquels sont etablis les relations et les rapports existant aujourd'hui entre les divers etats souvernains du globe, depuis l'annee 1760 jusqu'a l'epoque actuelle, vol.1 : index, list of treaties until 1760, docs 1761-1814, 1846, vol.3, 1846, vol.4, on 1826 1846, vol.5, on 1839 1849, vol.6, on 1840 1856, vol.7, on 1852 1857, 2nd ser. vol.1 1885, posted on Internet Archive
F. Murhard, Nouveau Recueil General de Traites, Conventions et autres Transactions Remarquables, vol.1 1843, vol.2, on 1841, 1844, vol.3, on 1842, 1845, vol.4, 1846, vol.5 1847, vol.9, on 1846, suppl. 1841-1845, 1852, vol.10, on 1847, 1852, vol.12, on 1848, 1854, vol.13, 1855, vol.14 1856, vol.15 1857, vol.16 1860, vol.17, 1861, vol.18, 1873, vol.4, on 1817-1842, 1843, ? posted on Internet Archive
K. Martens, Nouveau recueil general de traites et autres actes relatifs aux rapports de droit international, vol.1, 1876, vol.10 1886, vol.11 1887, vol.12, on 1884-1886, 1887, vol.15, 1891, vol.16 1891, vol.19 1894, vol.20 1896, vol.21 1897, vol.23 1898, vol.29, on 1885-1898, 1903, vol.30 1904, vol.32 1905, vol.33 1906, vol.34 1907, vol.35 1908, posted on Internet Archive
G.F. Martens, Recueil de traites d'alliance, de paix, de treve ... et plusieurs autres actes servant aa la connoissance des relations etrangeres de puissances et etats de l'Europe ... depuis 1761 jusqu'a present , vol.3 : 1784-1788, 1818, vol.4, 1818, vol.5 : 1791-1795, 1826, vol.6 : 1795-1799, 1829, vol.7 : 1800-1803, 1831, vol.8 : 1803-1808, 1835, Table General Chronologique et Alphabetique du Recueil des Traites, Conventions et Transactions des Puissances de l'Europe et s'autres Parties du Globe ... vol.1 1837 (garbed scan), vol.1 1838, vol.2 1843, posted on Internet Archive
M. Tetot, Repertoire des Traites de Paix, de Commerce, d'Alliance etc., Conventions et autres Actes conclus entre tous les Puissances du Globe, principalement depuis la Paix de Westphalie jusqu'a notre jours, I : Tableau Chronologique 1493-1866, 1866, posted on Internet Archive
G. de Ribier, Repertoire des traite?s de paix de commerce, d'alliance, etc.; conventions et autres actes conclus entre toutes les puissances du globe, depuis 1867 jusqu'a nos jours (faisant suite au Repertoire de M. Tetot); table generale des principaux recueils francçais et etrangers ... ouvrage pub. sous les auspices du Ministere des affaires etrangeres, 1899, posted on Internet Archive
J.L. Klüber, Acten des Wiener Congresses in den Jahren 1814 und 1815, vol.1 2nd ed. 1819, vol.2 1815, vol.3 1815, vol.4 2nd ed. 1832, vol.5 2nd ed. 1833, vol.6 2nd ed. 1836, vol.7 1817, vol.8 1819, vol.9, 1835, in German, posted by Google Books
British and Foreign State Papers 1812-1814 I, 1841, 1812-1814 II, 1841, 1814-1815, 1839, 1815-1816, 1838, 1816-1817, 1838, 1817-1818, 1837, 1818-1819, 1835, 1819-1820, 1834, 1820-1821, 1830, 1820-1821, 1861, 1821-1822, 1829, 1821-1823, 1851, 1822-1823, 1828, 1822-1823, 1850, 1823-1824, 1843, 1824-1825, 1846, 1825-1826, 1848, 1826-1827, 1828, 1827-1828, 1829, 1828-1829, 1832, 1829-1830, 1832, 1830-1831, 1833, 1832-1833, 1836, General List, vols.1-20, I, 1842, 1834-1835, 1852, 1836-1837, 1853, 1838-1839, 1856, 1840-1841, 1857, 1841-1842, 1858, 1842-1843, 1858, 1843-1844, 1859, 1844-1845, 1859, 1845-1846, 1860, 1848-1849, 1862, 1849-1850 I, 1862, 1849-1850 II, 1863, 1850-1851, 1863, 1851-1852, 1864, 1852-1853, 1864, General Index, 1865, 1853-1854, 1865 1854-1855, 1865, 1855-1856, 1865, 1856-1857, 1866, 1857-1858, 1866, 1858-1859, 1867, 1859-1860, 1867, 1860-1861, 1868, 1861-1862, 1868, 1862-1863, 1868, 1863-1864, 1869, posted on Google Books
Austria, pp.202-429 in vol.5 of Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949, 1976, GB
Johann Vesque von P?tlingen, Uebersicht der Verträge Oesterreichs mit den auswärtigen Staaten, 1854, in German, GB
Autriche, pp.16-27 in vol.1 of Table des trait? entre la France et les puissances ?rang?es, depuis la paix de Westphalie jusqu'?nos jours, 1802, in French, GB
Document Collections Repositories of Primary Sources : Europe : Austria, from Univ. of Idaho. Mostly Archive Webpages
Documents on German History for the preparation of history class, from psm-data (in German and/or English)
Primary Documents to the History of Austria (-Hungary) from Eurodocs
Sources to Habsburg History, from Habsburg Net
R.M.T. Hunter, Diplomatic Relations with Austria, U.S. Senate Speech 1850, posted on Internet Archive
Zoll-Tariff für die Ein- und Ausfuhr der Waaren in dem österreichischen Kaiserstaate, 1838, in German, GB
Historical Maps links click here
overview, modern Maps : Europe in the Year 1600, 1700, 1800, 1900, from Euratlas
Maps : Austria 1820, 1846, 1860, 1866, from IEG Maps
overview, historic
detail, historic
Encyclopedia Entries
Economic J. Chr. Nelckenbrecher, Taschenbuch eines Banquiers und Kaufmanns enthaltend eine Erklärung aller ein- und ausländischen Münzen ..., Berlin : Wever 1769, in German, entries Wien, posted by DTBSWS
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Salzburg, Triest, Wien, posted by DTBSWS
Gülich, Gustav von, Geschichtliche Darstellung des Handels, der Gewerbe und des Ackerbaus der bedeutenden handeltreibenden Staaten unserer Zeit (Historical Description of Trade, Industry and Agriculture of the Important Trading States of Our Time), Jena : Frommann 6 vol.s 1830-1845, chapter : Östreich, vol.4 1844 pp.728-752, in German, posted by DTBSWS
Geographical Der österreichische Kaiserstaat, pp.247-331 in F. von Rudtorffer, Militär-Geographie von Europa, 1839, in German, GB
Austrian Dominions, pp.37-57 in Ch. R. Maxwell, An epitome of the military geography of Europe, 1850, GB
Austrian Empire pp.182-198 in W. Hughes, A manual of geography, 1861, GB
Ethnographical Empire d'Autriche, pp.59-75 in X. Heuschling, Manual de statistique ethnographique universelle, 1847, in French, GB
Specialist Article : Österreichische Eisenbahnen, from Röll, Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens (Encyclopedia of Railroads) 2nd ed. 1912-1923, in German
Parliamentary Debates Austrian Verhandlungen des österreichischen Reichstages nach der stenographischen Aufnahme 1848 vol.1, 1848, 1848 vol.3, 1848, in German, GB
Verhandlungen des österreichischen verstärkten Reichsrathes, 1860 1860 vol.1, 1860, 1860 vol.2, 1860, in German, GB
Stenographische Protokolle des Herrenhauses des Reichsrathes 1861-1862, 1862, 1863-1864, 1864, 1864-1865, 1865, in German, GB
Stenographische Protokolle über die Sitzungen des Hauses der Abgeordneten (des Reichsrathes) 1861-1862 vol.2, 1862, 1861-1862 vol.3, 1862, 1861-1862 vol.4, 1862, 1861-1862 vol.5, 1862, 1863-1864 vol.1, 1864, 1864-1865 vol.1, 1865, in German, GB
German Protokolle der deutschen Bundes-Versammlung vol.1 1817, vol.2 1817, vol.3 1817, vol.4 1817, vol.5 1818, vol.6 1818, vol.7 1819, vol.8 1819, vol.9 1820, vol.10 1820, vol.11 1821, vol.12 1821, vol.13 1822, vol.14 1822, vol.15 1823, vol.16 1824, vol.17 1825, vol.18 1826, in German, posted by Google Books
Stenographischer Bericht über die Verhandlungen der Deutschen Constituierenden Nationalversammlung vol.1, 1848, vol.2, 1848, vol.3, 1848, vol.4, 1848, vol.5, 1848, vol.6, 1849, vol.7, 1849, vol.8, 1849, vol.9, 1849, in German, posted by Google Books
Protokolle des provisorischen Fürsten-Kollegiums single vol., 1850, in German, posted by Google Books
foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Historic Tour Guides, Travelogues J.G. Kohl, Austria, Vienna, Prague etc., 1844, posted on Internet Archive
J. Murray,A handbook for travellers in southern Germany, 3rd ed. 1863, GB
K. Baedeker, Deutschland und Österreich, Handbuch für Reisende, 1869, in German, GB
Institutions Archives Repositories of Primary Sources : Europe : Austria, from Univ. of Idaho. Mostly Archive Webpages
Historical Research in Europe, listing of archives; click Atlas Search, Austria, 194 entries
Österreichisches Staatsarchiv
Libraries Libraries in Austria, from LibDex, 21 entries
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW
Coins, Banknotes Austria Coins, from Don's World Coin Gallery
Search Coin Archives for Austria
Others Austria, from Russian Marches

Bibliographies general
on Austria Österreichische Bibliografie, in German
Österreichische Historische Bibliographie, in German
Austrian History Yearbook, ed. by Center for Austrian Studies, Univ. of Minnesota
Die Habsburgermonarchie 1848-1918, published by the Austrian Academy of Sciences, titles in German
Online Bookstore Bookstore, from Virtual Vienna
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
on Austria Virtuelle Bibliothek, from Österreich Bibliotheken, in German
Digitaler Lesesaal, from Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
Online Journals full text online
Contents Online Archiv für österreichische Geschichte 1848-1869 online at GB, in German
Archiv für Kunde österreichischer Geschichts-Quellen, 1849-1865 online at GB
General Accounts Barbara Jelavich, Modern Austria. Empire & Republic 1800-1986, Cambridge : UP 1987, KMLA Lib.Sign. 943.604 J48m
Charles W. Ingrao, The Habsburg Monarchy 1618-1815, Cambridge : UP 1994
Robert A. Kann, A History of the Habsburg Empire, 1526-1918, Berkeley : UP 1974
Werner Kleindel, Österreich, Daten zur Geschichte und Kultur, Wien : Ueberreuter 1978
Specific Topics
Historical Dictionaries Paula S. Fichtner (ed.), Historical Dictionary of Austria, London : Scarecrow 1999, 328 pp., KMLA Lib.Sign. R 943.6 F445h

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