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Neuchatel Bern
First posted on January 27th 2002, last revised using Dr. Link Check on October 2nd 2012







The bishopric did exist in the 4th century A.D., at that time with its see at Augst (Augusta Vindelicorum). In the 7th century A.D. documents refer to the Bishop of Basel and Augst. The merger of the Kingdom of Burgundy into the Holy Roman Empire in 1033 made the Diocese of Basel a part of the latter. The Bishops of Basel during the Middle Ages acquired territory, and in the course of the 13th century gained political autonomy as rulers of this territory, the Hochstift Basel (= Princebishopric), wich extended from Basel in southwesterly direction, including territory with a German-speaking population and territory with a French-speaking population. This Hochstift Basel was a secular, political entity, and is not to be confused with the Diocese of Basel. Porrentruy, for instance, the residence of the Princebishops, was located in the Diocese of Besançon, outside of the Diocese of Basel.
In the 15th century, part of its territory came under the administration of Bern, and would remain so until annexed by Bern in 1815; the directly administrated Hochstift remained Catholic. In the territory under Bernese administration, in the 16th century the Protestant Reformation was introduced. As the city of Basel in the 13th century had acquired the status of a free Imperial city, the Bishops of Basel moved their residence in Porrentruy. The Cathedral Chapter, at that time, remained in Basel, but when the city of Basel introduced the Protestant Reformation in 1529, the Cathedral Chapter moved to Arlesheim.
While the Swiss Confederation did not regard itself part of the Holy Roman Empire and got her independence internationally recognized in 1648, the Hochstift Basel (a Swiss ally) remained part of the Holy Roman Empire until 1792 (nominally until 1803) when it was occupied by French troops and the Rauracian Republic was proclaimed. The administration of the Hochstift established residence in Pieterlen (Bernese-administrated territory of the Hochstift Basel) until 1797. The Rauracian Republic, meanwhile, had been annexed by France in 1793.
In 1815 most of the territory of the Hochstift Basel was annexed by Bern, a smaller part by Basel (both Swiss cantons). In the French-speaking parts of the Hochstift Basel, which now were part of Bern the population maintained a separate regional identity; this area in 1979 split off Bern to form the new Canton Jura.

Basel 1651-1737 . Basel 1737-1815







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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Current Article Canton of Jura, from Wikipedia
Article Kanton Jura, from Wikipedia German edition
Article Canton de Jura, from Wikipedia French edition
Historic L. Vautrey, Le Jura Bernois vol.1, 1863, vol.2 1868, in French, GB
Basel, pp.29-70 in vol.1 of G.V. Schmid, Die säcularisirten Bisthümer Teutschlands, 1858, in German, GB
Links General Category : Canton of Jura, from Wikipedia
Categorie : Canton du Jura, from Wikipedia French edition
on History Categorie : Histoire du Canton du Jura, from Wikipedia French edition
Kategorie : Geschichte (Kanton Jura), from Wikipedia German edition
Canton Jura, from Swiss Genealogy on the Internet
Historical Dictionary on Switzerland Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz (in German), Dictionnaire historique de la Suisse (in French), Dizionario storico della Svizzera (in Italian)
a brief historical dictionary in English at this site
M. Lutz, Dictionnaire geographique et statistique de la Suisse, 1837, in French, GB
H.J. Leu, Allgemeines Eydgenössisches oder Schweitzerisches Lexicon, vol.1 : A, 1747, vol.2 : B-Be, 1748, vol.3 : Be-Bi, 1749, vol.4 : Bi-Ca, 1750, vol.5 : C-D, 1751, vol.6 : D-F, 1752, vol.7 : F, 1753, vol.8 : Ga-Go, 1754, vol.9 : Go-He, 1754, vol.10 : He-K, 1756, vol.11 : K-Le, 1756, vol.12 : Le-Me, 1757, vol.13 : Me-N, 1757, vol.14 : N-R, 1758, vol.15 : R, 1759, vol.16 : Sa-Se, 1760, vol.17 : Se-T, 1762, vol.18 : T, U, V, 1763, vol.19 : W, 1764, vol.20 : X, Y, Z, 1765, in German, GB
on Jura
Organizations
Timelines
Accounts of History General, Modern Article : Bistum Basel : Fürstbistum Basel, from Wikipedia German edition
Article : Diocese de Bale : les Prince-Eveques de Bale, from Wikipedia French edition
Article Basel, Fürstbistum, from Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz, in German, many subfiles
General, Historical Ch.F. Morel, Abrege de l'histoire et de la statistique du ci-devant eveche de Bale, 1813, in French, GB
J. Trouillat, Monuments de l'histoire de l'ancien eveche de Bale, vol.1, 1852, vol.2, 1854, vol.3, 1856, vol.4, 1861, vol.5, 1867, in French, GB
P. Ochs, Geschichte der Stadt und Landschaft Basel, vol.1, 1786, vol.2, 1792, vol.3, 1819, vol.4, 1819, vol.5, 1821, vol.6, 1821, vol.7, 1821, vol.8, 1822, in German, GB
J.J. Merian, Geschichte der Bischöfe von Basel, vol.1, until 1215, 1860, vol.2, 1215-1335, 1862, in German, GB
Specific Periods
Military
Economy & Finances
Ethnography
Religion
History of Regions A. Quiquerez, Histoire des comtes de Ferrette, 1863, in French, GB
J. Burckhardt, Die Gegenreformation in den ehemaligen Vogteien Zwingen, Pfeffingen und Birseck des untern Bisthums Basel am Ende des sechszehnten Jahrhunderts, 1855, in German, GB
F. Stettler, Versuch einer kurzen Geschichte des zum Kanton Bern gehörenden Theils des ehemaligen Bisthums Basel, 1840, in German, GB
Local History Article : Porrentruy : History, from Wikipedia
Article : Porrentruy : Histoire, from Wikipedia French edition
Institutions
Biographies A. Quiquerez, Jean de Vienne, ou, L'eveche de Bale au XIVme siecle, 1836, in French, GB
J. Schneller, Die Bischöfe von Basel: ein chronologischer Nekrolog, 1830, in German, GB
Others

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen List of Bishops of Basel, from Wikipedia
Documents Historical Newspapers
Online Yearbooks Staatskalender Die Bundesbehörden der schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft (current)
International Etat des cours de l'Europe ou Tableau des gouvernements, republiques etc. : Allies de Suisse : Prince-Eveque de Basle 1783 pp.206, Allies de Suisse : Eveche de Basle 1783 pp.210, Gallica
Allies des Suisses : Eveche de Basle entries in J.Ch. Poncelin de la Roche Tilhac, Etat des Cours de l'Europe et des Provinces de France pour l'annee ... vol.1 MDCCCLXXXIV 1783 pp.309-310, vol.2 MDCCCLXXXV, 1785, p.315, in French, GB
Jährliches genealogisches Hand-Buch : Bischof zu Basel 1730 pp.191-192, 1732 pp.154-155, 1737 pp.160-161, 1738 pp.163-164, 1741 p.177, 1742 p.174, 1745 pp.198-199, 1746 pp.208-209, 1747 pp.213-214, 1749 pp.232-234, in German, GB
Neues genealogisch-schematisches Reichs- und Staats-Handbuch : Bischoff zu Basel 1748 pp.15-18, 1750 pp.16-19, 1752 pp.18-21, 1756 p.24, 1758 pp.23-24, 1759 p.24, 1760 pp.21-22, 1761 pp.19-20, 1762 p.23, 1764 p.23, 1765, p.24, in German, GB
M. Gottlieb Schumanns genealogisches Handbuch : vom Bischoff zu Basel 1758 pp.190-191, 1760 pp.199-200, in German, GB
Europäisches genealogisches Handbuch : Bischof zu Basel 1756 pp.192-193, 1766 pp.221-222, 1768 pp.225-226, 1770 pp.234-235, 1772 pp.231-232, 1774 pp.232-233, 1776 pp.232-233, 1780 pp.241-242, 1782 pp.243-244, 1784 pp.247-248, 1786 pp.252-253, 1788 pp.244-245, 1790 pp.249-250, 1792 pp.245-246, 1794 pp.252-253, 1800 pp.280-281, in German, GB
Neues Reichs-, Staats-, Hand- und Address-Buch : Basel, 1791 pp.20-21, in German, GB
für 1797 p.9, in German, GB
Genealogisches Reichs- und Staats-Handbuch : Basel, 1798 pt.2 pp.156-157, 1799 pt.2 pp.158-159, 1800 pt.2 p.33, 1801 pt.1 p.33, 1802 pt.2 p.33, in German, GB
Image Databanks Bilddatenbank, from Fotostiftung Schweiz
Historical Postcards, Canton Jura, from Alte Postkarten
Archival Deposits
Constitutions, Laws
Treaties General Treaty Collections
Bilateral Treaty Collections Prince-Eveque de Bale, pp.319-334 in vol.3 : 1780-1784 of G.F. Martens, Recueil de traites d'alliance, de paix, de treve, de neutralite, de commerce, de limites, d'echange, etc. et plusieurs autres actes servant a la connaissance des relations etrangeres des puissances et etats de l'Europe ... depuis 1761 jusqu'a present, 1818, in French, GB
Eveche de Bale, pp.175-181 in vol.5 : 1791-1795 of G.F. Martens, Recueil de traites d'alliance, de paix, de treve, de neutralite, de commerce, de limites, d'echange, etc. et plusieurs autres actes servant a la connaissance des relations etrangeres des puissances et etats de l'Europe ... depuis 1761 jusqu'a present, 1826, in French, GB
Reichsdeputationshauptschluss 1803 (Säkularisation), in vol.7 : 1800-1803 of G.F. Martens, Recueil de traites d'alliance, de paix, de treve, de neutralite, de commerce, de limites, d'echange, etc. et plusieurs autres actes servant a la connaissance des relations etrangeres des puissances et etats de l'Europe ... depuis 1761 jusqu'a present, 1831, in French, GB
Suisse : Eveche de Basle, pp.104-106 in vol.1 of Table des traites entre la France et les puissances etrangeres, depuis la paix de Westphalie jusqu'a nos jours, 1802, GB
Eveche de Bale, p.344 in pt.1 vol.3 of Recueil des Traites de Commerce et de Navigation de la France avec les Puissances Etrangleres (depuis 1648), 1836, GB
Document Collections Ch.17 : De Scriptoribus Historiae Germanicae, Generalis, Archiepiscopatuum, Episcopatuum, Abbatiarum et Monasteriorum, pp.441-497 in B.G. Struve, Selecta bibliotheca historica, 1705, in Latin, GB ; a catalogue of narrative historical sources
R.L. Herminjard (ed.), Correspondance des reformateurs dans les pays de langue francçaise, vol.1, 1512-1526, 1866, vol.2, 1527-1532, 1868, vol.3, 1533-1536, 1870, GB
Grosskems 1384, pp.654-657, Herbstordnung zu Haltingen, 15th century, pp.820-821 in vol.1 of J. Grimm, Weisthümer, 1840, GB
Monuments de l'histoire de l'ancien ??h?de Bale vol.1, 1852, vol.2, 1854, vol.3, 1858, GB
Historical Maps
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Article Basel, Bistum, Geschichte von (Princebishopric Basel, History of), from Meyers Konversationslexikon, 1885-1892 edition, in German
Religious Article Basle-Lugano, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
Economic Basle et Eveche, p.408 in J.R. Ruelle, Operations des Changes des principales places de l'Europe, 1774, in French, GB
Bale, Eveche de, pp.288-289 in vol.1 of J.N.M. Demeinier, Economie politique et diplomatique 1784, in French, GB
Political Der Bischoff zu Basel, pp.786-787 in F.L. Bressler, Die Durchläuchtige Häuser in Europa, 1699, in German, GB
Bischoff zu Basel, pp.930-931 in Die Durchläuchtige Häuser in Europa, 1710, in German, GB
Basel, in J. Hübner, Reales Staats, Zeitungs- und Conversations-Lexicon, 1711, in German, GB
L'Evesque de Basle, pp.256-260 in vol.1 of F.L. Bressler, Les Souverains du monde, 1718, in French, GB
Bischoff zu Basel, p.79 in J.C. Spie, Das jetzt-herrschende Europa, 1725, in German, GB
Bischoff zu Basel, pp.86 in J.C. Spee, Das jetzt-herrschende Europa, 1727, in German, GB
L'Evesque de Basle, pp.313-319 in vol.1 of F.L. Bressler, Les Souverains du Monde, 1734, in French, GB
Bischoff zu Basel, pp.554-559 in T. Berger, Die Durchläuchtige Welt, oder : Kurtzgefasste Genealogische, Historische und Politische Beschreibung aller itztlebenden Durchlauchtigen Hohen Personen, sonderlich in Europa, als Kayser, K?ige, Chur- und Fürsten, 1739, in German, Gb
Basel, pp.111-114 in F.R. von Grossing, Staatistik aller katholisch-geistlichen Reichsstifter in Deutschland, 1786, in German, GB
Basle, Eveche et Principaute, pp.261-262 in A.M. de Verdy du Vernois, Manuel chronologique et genealogique des dynasties souveraines de l'Europe , 1797, in French, GB
Geographical L'Eveche de Bale, p.47 in vol.2 of A.A.B. de la Martiniere, Le grand dictionnaire g?graphique et critique, 1737, in French, GB
Bistum Basel, pp.508-598 in vol.4 of J.C. Faesi, Genaue und vollst?dige Staats- und Erd-Beschreibung der ganzen Eidgenossschaft, derselben gemeinen Herrschaften und zugewandten Orten, 1768, in German, GB
Das Bisthum Basel, pp.489-542 in vol.3 of J.C. Füsslin, Staats- und Erdbeschreibung der schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft 1770, in German, GB
Bale, Eveche de, p.53 in vol.2 of R. de Vaugondi, Dictionnaire geographique, historique et politique de la Suisse, 1775, in French, GB
Basel, Bistum, pp.101-141 in H.J. Leu, Allgemeines Eydgenössisches oder Schweitzerisches Lexicon, 1748, in German, GB
Historical Basle, l'Eveche de, pp.95-96 in vol.1 of L. Moreri, Le grand dictionnaire historique, 1731, in French, GB
Bisthumb Basel, pp.1243-1246 in vol.2 part 1 of A. Desing, Auxilia Historica oder Behülff zu den Historischen und dazu erforderlichen Wissenschafften, 1741, GB
Bisthum Basel, pp.78-84 in Kurze Geschichte der Schweitz zum Gebrauch der Schulen, 1782, in German, GB
Postal Routes etc. Dictionnaire des Postes, 1754, in French, GB
Liste g??ale des postes de France 1756, 1773, 1777, 1778, 1785, 1787, 1791, in French, GB
?at g??al des postes et relais de l'empire français 1806, 1807, 1808, 1809, in French, GB
Postes Imperiales: ?at general des Routes de Postes de l'empire français, du royaume d'Italie et du Confederation du Rhin 1811, 1812, in French, GB
?at g??al des postes du royaume de France 1814, 1815, 1818, in French, GB
Livre de poste ou Etat g??al des postes du royaume de France 1825, 1831, 1835, 1836, in French, GB
Livre des Posted d'Europe 1788, in French, GB
K.Fr. Jahn, Post-Reise-Handbuch, 1833, in German, GB; search for Pruntrut, Porrentruy
Search Bradshaw's continental railway, steam transit, and general guide 1853, 1859, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, GB, for Porrentruy
Travelogues
Institutions Archives Archives del'Ancien Eveche de Bale
Staatsarchiv Bern
Archives Cantonales Jurassiennes
Musea Musee de l'Hotel-Dieu, Porrentruy
Monuments
Libraries Bibliotheque Cantonale Jurassienne; Kantonsbibliothek Basel Land; Zentralbibliothek Bern
State Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag of Canton Jura, from FOTW
Category : Coat of Arms of Basel Diocese, from Wikimedia Commons
Coins Basel Bishopric minted dated coins from 1595-1788 (Numiswiss
Basle, from Money Museum
R. Stuart Poole, A descriptive catalogue of Swiss coins in the South Kensington Museum, 1878, IA; Basel Bishopric pp.14-20
Bistum Basel, pp.297-308 in vol.2 of G.E. von Haller, Schweizerisches Munz- und Medaillenkabinet 1781, in German, GB

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general
on Jura Bibliographie Jurassienne
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
on Jura Swiss Electronic Library
Helvetic Archives, at the Swiss National Library
Thesis Server Dissertationen-Server Univ. Zurich; links to other Swiss Univ.' Dissertation Servers
Online Journals full text online Swiss Electronic Academic Library Service : Retrodigitized Journals : Sammlung Geschichte und Geographie
Table of Contents
Online
General Accounts
Specific Topics