History by Country . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . HI . JK . L . M . N . OP . QR . S . TUV . WXYZ

Germany Austria
First posted on June 28th 2005, last revised January 25th 2011

For the History since 1989, go to History of the FRG

GDR 1969-1989 The Economy, Domestic Policy, Foreign Policy
GDR 1949-1969 The Economy, Domestic Policy, Foreign Policy
Allied Occupation 1945-1948 : East Germany

For a general table of contents, go to History of Germany
For earlier files : go to Germany 1871-1945

Historical Dictionary : GDR, English-English
Historical Atlas, GDR Page, Germany Page
List of Wars, Germany Page
Biographies, GDR Page

Students' Paper : Woo, Na Young : A Historical Summary of Berlin's Architectural Controversy (2007)

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles modern from Wikipedia; Library of Congress, Country Studies : Former East Germany
Links General East Germany Study Group, links
GDR Link List, from Grenzschild
on History Zeitgeschichte Online, in German
Portals Die DDR, in German
Landeszentrale für politische Bildung in Baden-Württemberg, Die DDR im Unterricht, in German
Die DDR im WWW, in German
Organizations Liste der Institute der Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDR, Historiker-Gesellschaft der DDR, from Wikipedia German edition
Geschichtswerkstatt Jena
Bundesstiftung zur Aufarbeitung der SED-Diktatur
Historical Dictionaries click here
Encyclopedia The Fall of the Wall, from RBB Online
DDR-Lexikon, in German
Die DDR im WWW : Enzyklopädie
Timelines Die DDR im geschichtlichen Überblick (GDR in a historical review; detailed timeline); from DDR im WWW, in German; 1985-1990
Accounts of History General, Modern History of the GDR, from Wikipedia
A Short Audio-Visual History of the GDR, posted by WFMU
Stalinism in Eastern Germany. The Rise and Fall of the GDR, from World Socialist Web Site
Documentaries : Damals in der DDR, Ep.1 (1945-1949), Ep.2 (1951-1958), Ep.3 (1958-1968), Ep.4 (1971-1979), Ep.5 (1981-1989), Ep.6 (1988-1989), Ep.7 (1989), Ep.8 (1989-1990), Ep.9 (1990), Ep.10 (1990), youtube
General, Historical
Specific Periods Das Ende der DDR, from Die DDR, in German
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Germany
Die Geschichte der Mark (History of the Mark), from sammler.com
History of Paper Money of the GDR, from German Notes
Article Economy of the GDR, East German Mark, from Wikipedia
Article Deutsche Demokratische Republik : Wirtschaft, from Wikipedia German edition
Documentaries :
Die Autos der DDR, Politik, Prominenz und Luxus - Das Hotel Astoria der DDR (Leipzig), Der Katastrophenwinter in der DDR 1978-1979, youtube
Social History Documentaries : Mahlzeit DDR Ep.1, Ep.2, Ep.3, Ep.4, youtube
Ethnography Article Sorbs, from Wikipedia
Article Vertragsarbeiter (Contract Labourers), in : Wikipedia German edition
Religion Article Christen und Kirche in der DDR (Christians and Church in the GDR), in : Wikipedia, in German
Article Religion, from DDR Lexikon, in German
Darstellung der Kirchengeschichte der DDR in 4 Teilen (Description of GDR Church History in 4 Parts), by Peter Zillmann, in German
Jews in East Germany, from Central Council of Jews in Germany
History of Regions Articles Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Brandenburg, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen, Sachsen, from Wikipedia German edition
Local History Article : History of Berlin; History of Potsdam; History of Rostock, History of Magdeburg, History of Leipzig, History of Dresden, History of Chemnitz, History of Erfurt, Eisenhüttenstadt : History, from Wikipedia
Article : Wandlitz : Geschichte, from Wikipedia German edition
Institutions Article Deutsche Reichsbahn of the GDR, from Wikipedia
Article Radio DDR 1, from Wikipedia (in English)
Article Deutscher Fernsehfunk/Fernsehen der DDR, from Wikipedia (in German)
Article Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDR, from Wikipedia, in German
East Germany, from Airline History
Structurae : Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia
Culture DDR-Alltagskultur (GDR everyday culture), in German
Article DEFA, from Wikipedia (in English, on films made in GDR)
Category Sports History of the GDR; Article East Germany at the Olympics
Biographies Standard Works of Reference Bundesstiftung Aufarbeitung der SED-Diktatur, Wer war wer in der DDR

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated); Political Leaders, from ZPC, including party leaders
Lists of Bishops
Lists of Ambassadors List of Russian Ambassadors to Germany, from Wikipedia Russian edition, scroll down for GDR
Heads of Canadian Legation / Embassy in East Berlin (since 1976), from MOFA Canada
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Germany, from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
Historical Abortion Statistics : East Germany, from Johnston's Archive
Exchange Rates Official course set by East German authorities 1 Mark East = 1 DM (West); on black market 4:1 on average; when currency union was introduced in July 1990 limited amount (per person) of Mark (East) were exchanged into DM at a rate of 2:1; black market rates up to 18:1
Inflation Rates Inflation in der DDR, from Die DDR, in German
Election Results Wahlen in der DDR, from Wahlen 98, in German
Documents Historical Newspapers Official Gazette Flare, Union List of Official Gazettes : Germany, Democratic Republic
Article : Gesetzblatt der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik , from Wikipedia German edition
Documents Historical Newspapers Links; Overviews Kranten Historisch [historical newspapers]
Article : Tageszeitungen der DDR, from Wikipedia
Entire Newspapers, Magazines DDR Zeitungen Digital, from Staatsbibliothek Berlin
Historical Newspaper Articless
Online Yearbooks
GDR Entries
Newsreels Wochenschau-Archiv, Wochenschau-Archiv (in German), has several GDR Newsreels
Propaganda Films East German Propaganda and Advertising Film 1958, from Internet Archive
Films on History/Society Germany Film Archives linked by National Film Preservation Board (U.S.)
Filmarchives Online (Europe-wide); DEFA Stiftung
Article : Cinema of Germany : East German Cinema 1945-1989, from Wikipedia; Historical Movies in Chronological Order : XIII.5 : Post-War Germany
Germany, from Cinema of the World
List of East German Films, from Wikipedia; East Germany Film, from IMDb
DEFA Film Library, Univ. Amherst
Search Internet Archive's Moving Image Archive for the GDR, DDR
Image Databanks Deutsche Fotothek
DDR Bildarchiv
Systematic Collections
Images : Abbildungen zur Deutschen Geschichte, posted by S. Jacob, German language website
East German Posters, from SULAIR
Virtuelles Bildarchiv, at present images to the history of Baden-Württemberg, Brandenburg available
Accidental Collections
Universal Collections
Items on the GDR
License Plates : GDR, from Ralf Hegis
Archival Deposits Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken (Mofa, NL ; enter "DDR" in field : "Lijst samenstellen op land of regio", 7 entries; sources posted in Dutch language
Constitutions, Laws Verfassung der DDR 1949, Verfassung der DDR 1968/1974, from Document Archiv, in German
Internet Law Library : Germany
Treaties General Treaty Collections
Bilateral Treaty Collections Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken (Mofa, NL ; enter "DDR" in field : "Lijst samenstellen op land of regio", 7 entries; sources posted in Dutch language
Consular Reports Foreign Relations of the United States 1851-1958/1960
Document Collections Documents on German History, from psm-data, many in German and English translation
Documents on German History from Eurodocs, merely a collection of links; from Dokumentarchiv, mostly legal documents, all in German only; Quellen zur Deutschen Geschichte (Sources on G. History; presently 14), posted by S. Jacob, in German
East German Propaganda, from German Propaganda Archive
Making the History of 1989 : East Germany
Dokumente, from Die DDR im WWW
Wilson Center Digital Archives : Berlin Wall, East German Uprising
Historical Maps click here
Parliamentary Debates Volkskammer der DDR, 10. Wahlperiode 1990, posted by Bundesarchiv
GDR Jokes DDR Witze, from Witzeland, from DDR Witz.de, from survol.de in German
Trabi Witze, from KFZ.net
Institutions Archives Politisches Archiv des Auswärtigen Amtes (Political Archive of the German Foreign Office) website
Historical Research in Europe, listing of archives; click Atlas Search, Germany, 817 entries
Musea Erinnerung an Teilung und DDR. Museen zur Nachkriegsgeschichte; list of musea on post-war history; site in German
DDR Museum Berlin; DDR Museum Dresden; Ostalgie Kabinett
Mauer Museum - Museum Haus am Checkpoint Charlie; DDR Grenzbahnhof Probstzella Museum; Grenzlandmuseum Swinmark; Zonengrenz-Museum Helmstedt
Automobilbau-Museum Eisenach; August Horch Museum Zwickau
Stasimuseum Berlin; Museum in der runden Ecke, Leipzig
Monuments Denkmallandschaft Berliner Mauer
Gedenkstätte Berliner Mauer
Ostsee Grenzturm in Kühlungsborn
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from Wikipedia; National Anthem, from David W. Robinson
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of the GDR, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Geldscheine Online, German-language online catalogue of German banknotes since 1874
Article East German Mark, from Wikipedia

Bibliographies general ISBN Database
RHS Bibliography; UK National Archive Online Library
Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies) (site in German, most titles listed in English; numerous entries; publications mostly since 1970)
on the GDR Zentrales Verzeichnis Antiquarischer Bücher, search engine for German Antiquarian booksellers' stocks
Bibliographischer Werkzeugkasten, from HBZ, in German
Bundesarchiv, DDR Bibliographie
Bibliographie zum Staatssicherheitsdienst der DDR
Online Libraries general Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; e-corpus
on the GDR Deutsche Nationalbibliothek; Look under Electronic Publications
Digitale Bibliothek der Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
Online Journals full text online
Contents Online
General Accounts Eleanor L. Turk, The History of Germany, London : Greenwood 1999, 231 pp.; KMLA Lib.Sign. 943 T939t
Mary Fulbrook, A Concise History of Germany, Cambridge : Cambridge Univ. Press 1991, 263 pp. ; KMLA Lib.Sign. 943 F962a
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia Article Germany, vol.20 pp.39-133; KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.20
Konrad H. Jarausch, Uniting Germany - Documents and Debates, 1944-1993, Berghahn 1994, KMLA Lib.Sign. 943.087 J37u
Mary Fulbrook, The Divided Nation. A History of Germany 1918-1990, Oxford : UP 1991 [G]
A. James McAdams, Germany Divided. From the Wall to Reunification, Princeton UP 1994 [G]
Henry Ashby Turner Jr., The Two Germanies since 1945, Yale : UP 1987 [G]
Adrian Webb, The Longman Companion to Germany since 1945. London etc.: Longman 1998 [G]
Hermann Weber, Geschichte der DDR (History of the GDR), München : dtv 1999, in German [G]
Specific Topics Deutschland in den 70er/80er Jahren, Informationen zur politischen Bildung 270, 2001, in German [G]
Historical Dictionary Simone Tippach-Schneider, Das grosse Lexikon der DDR-Werbung (The Large Lexicon of Advertisement in the GDR), Berlin : Schwarzkopf & Schwarzkopf 2002, in German [G]
Volker Kluge, Das grosse Lexikon der DDR-Sportler (The Large Lexicon of GDR Athletes), Berlin : Schwarzkopf & Schwarzkopf 2002, in German [G]
Stefan Sommer, Das grosse Lexikon des DDR-Alltags (The Large Lexikon on GDR Everyday Life), Berlin : Schwarzkopf & Schwarzkopf 2002, in German [G]
Yearbook Entries Britannica Book of the Year Article : Germany, 1950, pp.318-323, 1951 pp.322-326, 1952 pp.314-317, 1953 pp.311-315, 1954 pp.310-314, 1955 pp.359-362, 1956 pp.298-301, 1957 pp.359-361, 1958 pp.294-297, 1959 pp.295-298, 1960 pp.292-296, 1961 pp.299-303, 1962 pp.291-295, 1963 pp.405-410, 1964 pp.390-395, 1965 pp.386-390, 1966 pp.342-348, 1967 pp.371-374, 1968 pp.373-377, 1969 pp.368-372, 1970 pp.374-378, 1971 pp.354-361, 1972 pp.328-332, 1973 pp.326-329, 1974 pp. 332-335 [G]
Article : German Democratic Republic, 1975 pp.323-325, 1976 pp.364-365, 1977 pp.366-367, 1978 pp.407-408, 1979 pp.401-402, 1980 pp.400-401, 1981 pp.402-404, 1982 pp.399-401, 1983 pp.395-397, 1984 pp.398-399, 1985 pp.549-550, 683, 1986 pp.543-544, 680, 1987 pp.514-515, 649, 1988 pp.470-471, 601, 1989 pp.470-472, 602, 1990 pp.487-488, 617 [G]
Statesman's Yearbook Article : German Democratic Republic (East), in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp. 986-990, 1975-1976 pp. 980-984, 1976-1977 pp.988-993, 1978-1979 pp. 494-499, 1979-1980 pp.498-503, 1980-1981 pp. 498-503, 1981-1982 pp.503-508, 1984-1985 pp. 509-515, 1985-1986 pp.511-516, 1986-1987 pp.515-520, 1987-1988 pp.521-526, 1988-1989 pp. 523-529, 1989-1990 pp.527-533 [G]
Yearbook of Int'l Communist Affairs Article : GDR, in : Yearbook on International Communist Affairs 1980 pp.29-40 [G]
Other Article : Germany, in : Americana Annual 1957 pp.318-324, 1961 pp.302-308, 1962 pp.304-310, 1963 pp.278-285, 1964 pp.275-282, 1965 pp.296-300, 1967 pp.307-312, 1968 pp.299-304, 1969 pp.315-320, 1970 pp.317-322, 1971 pp.314-319, 1972 pp.306-311, 1973 pp.315-320, 1974 pp.264-269, 1976 pp.267-271, 1988 pp.251-257, 1989 pp.250-254, 1990 pp.246-250 [G]
Article : Germany, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1952 pp.180-182, 1961 pp.134-138 [G]

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