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First posted on June 26th 2006, last revised on February 1st 2009

Predecessors : The Holy Roman Empire (-1806), Confederation of the Rhine 1807-1813, German Federation 1815-1866, Zollverein 1828-1870, Northern German Federation 1866-1870
Anhalt, Austria, Baden, Bavaria, Braunschweig, Bremen, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hannover, Hessen-Darmstadt, Hessen-Homburg (until 1866), Hessen-Kassel (until 1866), Hohenzollern-Hechingen (until 1849), Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (until 1849), Liechtenstein, Limburg (NL), Lippe, Lübeck, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Nassau, Oldenburg, Prussia, Reuss Elder Line, Reuss Younger Line, Sachsen-Altenburg, Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha, Sachsen-Meiningen, Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach, Saxony, Schaumburg-Lippe, Schleswig-Holstein (until 1866), Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, Waldeck, Württemberg

An Imaginary Nation State : Germany 1806-1871

Germany 1871-1945
Alsace-Lorraine, Posen, West Prussia, Danzig, Saargebiet, Memelland

Occupied Germany, 1945-1949 : Western Zones, Soviet Zone, Berlin, Saarland

Divided Germany, 1949-1990 : FRG, GDR, Berlin, Saarland (1945-1947)

Unified Germany, since 1990

Historical Atlas, Germany Page
List of Wars, Germany Page

x . x1 . x2 . x3 . x4 . x5 . x6

Virtual Library History : Germany
Virtual Library Labour History : Germany
CIA World Factbook : Germany; BBC Country Profiles : Germany
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Germany
Timelines, Germany to 1820, Germany 1821-1916, Germany 1917-1938, Germany 1939-1944 , Germany 1945-1990, Germany since 2001 , from timelines.ws; from BBC News
Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Germany, from Kirken i Norge
Zentrales Verzeichnis Antiquarischer Bücher, search engine for German Antiquarian booksellers' stocks
Political Resources on the Net : Germany; Country Report : Germany, from Polity IV
For the Record 2000 : Germany, from UN Human Rights System
Article Germany, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1909 edition; from EB 1911
A Global History of Currencies : Germany
Die Geschichte der Mark (History of the Mark), from sammler.com
Virtual Jewish History Tour : Germany, from Jewish Virtual Library
History of Flight : Germany, from Flight 100
Entry Germany, from Nations Encyclopedia
DOCUMENTS Flag, from Germany; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry; from Wappenlexikon, comment in German; has history of Coat of Arms
World Statesmen : Germany, by Ben Cahoon
Historical Population Statistics : Germany, from Population Statistics at Univ. Utrecht
Documents on German History, from psm-data, many in German and English translation
Documents on German History from Eurodocs, merely a collection of links; from Dokumentarchiv, mostly legal documents, all in German only; Documents on German History in translation, from Univ. Newcastle, mostly on 18th century; Historische Quellen, posted by the Louise Schröder Gymnasium, in German
Quellen zur Deutschen Geschichte (Sources on G. History; presently 14), posted by S. Jacob, in German
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by the Germany, from ILO, 77 docs. since 1919
Australian Treaty Series : Bilateral Treaties - Germany
Images : German Collectible Cards, from germancards.com, cards featuring popular topics, with advertisements on the back side; from the 1900es to 1950es, online catalogue
Images : Abbildungen zur Deutschen Geschichte, posted by S. Jacob, German language website
Rare German Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamps Gallery; Catalogue of German Stamps 1870-1923, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer
Banknotes of Germany (Deutsches Reich), from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Geldscheine Online, German-language online catalogue of German banknotes since 1874
License Plates : Germany, from Francoplaque
Virtuelles Bildarchiv, at present images to the history of Baden-Württemberg, Brandenburg available
Politisches Archiv des Auswärtigen Amtes (Political Archive of the German Foreign Office) website
Internet Law Library : Germany
Historical Research in Europe, listing of archives; click Atlas Search, Germany, 817 entries
Bibliographischer Wetrkzeugkasten, from HBZ, in German
Historiography Article : German Historical Thought - 1500 to Present, by M.E. Blum, pp.358-364, in vol.1 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
REFERENCE Eleanor L. Turk, The History of Germany, London : Greenwood 1999, 231 pp.; KMLA Lib.Sign. 943 T939t
Mary Fulbrook, A Concise History of Germany, Cambridge : Cambridge Univ. Press 1991, 263 pp. ; KMLA Lib.Sign. 943 F962a
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia Article Germany, vol.20 pp.39-133; KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.20
Rudolf Vierhaus, Germany in the Age of Absolutism, Cambridge UP 1988, KMLA Lib.Sign. 943.04 V665g
Brendan Simms, The Struggle for Mastery in Germany, 1779-1850, MacMillan 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. 943 S592s
Jackson J. Spielvogel, Hitler and Nazi Germany - a History, Prentice Hall, 2000; KMLA Lib.Sign. 943 S755h
Joachim Remak, The Nazi Years : a Documentary History, Waveland 1990, KMLA Lib.Sign. 943.08 R384t
Konrad H. Jarausch, Uniting Germany - Documents and Debates, 1944-1993, Berghahn 1994, KMLA Lib.Sign. 943.087 J37u
A.J. Nicholls, Freedom with Responsibility. The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963, Oxford : Clarendon (1994) 2000 [G]
W.R. Lee, Eve Rosenhaft (ed.), State, Social Policy and Social Change in Germany 1880-1994, Oxford : Berg (1990) 1997 [G]
Sheilagh Ogilvie, Richard Overy (ed.), Germany, A New Social and Economic History, Vol.III : since 1800, Oxford : UP 2003 [G]
A. James McAdams, Germany Divided. From the Wall to Reunification, Princeton UP 1994 [G]
Wilfried Fest, Dictionary of German History 1806-1945, London : George Prior 1978, 189 pp. [G]
Kate Lacey, Feminine Frequencies. Gender, German Radio, and the Public Sphere, 1923-1945, University of Michigan Press 1996 [G]
Hajo Holborn, A History of Modern Germany 1840-1945, Princeton : UP 1969 [G]
Jack Wertheimer, Unwelcome Strangers. East European Jews in Imperial Germany, Oxford : UP 1987 [G]
Hagen Schulze, Germany. A New History, trsl. by Deborah Lucas Schneider, Harvard : UP 1998 [G]
Henry Ashby Turner Jr., The Two Germanies since 1945, Yale : UP 1987 [G]
Theodore S. Hamerow, Restoration, Revolution, Reaction. Economics and Politics in Germany, 1815-1871, Princeton : UP (1966) 1972 [G]
Mary Fulbrook, The Divided Nation. A History of Germany 1918-1990, Oxford : UP 1991 [G]
Frauen in Deutschland. Auf dem Weg zur Gleichberechtigung, Informationen zur Politischen Bildung 254, 1997 [G]
Das 19. Jahrhundert. Monarchie - Demokratie - Nationalstaat, Informationen zur Politischen Bildung 163, Ndr 2000 [G]
Frank A. Ninkovich, Germany and the United States. The Transformation of the German Question since 1945, Boston : Twain 1988 [G]
Ferenc A. Vali, The Quest for a United Germany, Baltimore : Johns Hopkins UP 1967 [G]
M. Donald Hancock, West Germany. The Politics of Democratic Corporatism, Chatham NJ : Chatham House 1989 [G]
Gerlinde and Hans-Werner inn, Jumpstart. The Economic Unification of Germany, Cambridge Mass., MIT Press 1992 [G]
Ilse Koehn, Mischling Second Degree. My Childhood in Nazi Germany, London : Puffin 1990 [G]
Ralf Dahrendorf, Society and Democracy in Germany, NY : Doubleday (1965) 1969 [G]
Barbara Sapinsley, From Kaiser to Hitler. The Life and Death of a Democracy, 1919-1933, NY : Grosset & Dunlap 1968 [G]
Article : Germany, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1991-1992 pp. 526-560 (data of 1990-1991) [G]
Article : Germany, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1992-1993 pp. 598-633 (data of 1991-1992) [G]
Article : Germany, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1993-1994 pp. 604-638 (data of 1992-1993) [G]
Article : Germany, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1994-1995 pp. 596-629 (data of 1993-1994) [G]
Article : Germany, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1995-1996 pp. 594-627 (data of 1994-1995) [G]
Article : Germany, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1996-1997 pp. 538-571 (data of 1995-1996) [G]
Article : Germany, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1997-1998 pp. 547-581 (data of 1996-1997) [G]
Article : Germany, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1998-1999 pp. 595-632 (data of 1997-1998) [G]
Article : Germany, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2000 pp. 683-729 (data of 1998-1999) [G]
Article : Germany, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2001 pp. 661-709 (data of 1999-2000) [G]
Article : Germany, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2002 pp. 689-739 (data of 2000-2001) [G]
Article : Germany, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2003 pp. 691-741 (data of 2001-2002) [G]
Article : Germany, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2004 pp. 692-743 (data of 2002-2003) [G]
Article : Germany, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2005 pp. 693-743 (data of 2003-2004) [G]
Article : Germany, in : Americana Annual 1992 pp.253-257 (on events of 1991) [G]

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