History by Country . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . HI . JK . L . M . N . OP . QR . S . TUV . WXYZ

Belgium Austria-Hungary
First posted on July 4th 2006, last revised on August 26th 2008







For the history since 1871, see Germany, Austria-Hungary, Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Limburg (Dutch Province)

Germany 1866-1871 (North German Confederation, Zollverein, Unification, Cultural History)
Germany 1849-1866 (German Confederation, Zollverein, Cultural History)
1848-1849 : Germany 1848
Early 19th Century 1815-1847 : German Federation .. Industrial Revolution .. Zollverein .. Rising Nationalism

Era of French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte 1789-1815 : German Reaction .. Confederation of the Rhine
Predecessor : The Holy Roman Empire (-1806)

Anhalt (since 1863), Anhalt-Bernburg (-1863), Anhalt-Dessau (-1863), Anhalt-Köthen (-1853), Austria, Baden, Bavaria, Braunschweig, Bremen, Frankfurt (until 1866), Hamburg, Hannover (until 1866), Hessen-Darmstadt, Hessen-Homburg (until 1866), Hessen-Kassel (until 1866), Hohenzollern-Hechingen (until 1849), Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (until 1849), Liechtenstein, Limburg (NL), Lippe, Lübeck, Luxemburg, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Nassau (until 1866), Oldenburg, Prussia, Reuss Elder Line, Reuss Younger Line, Sachsen-Altenburg, Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha, Sachsen-Meiningen, Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach, Saxony, Schaumburg-Lippe, Schleswig-Holstein (until 1866), Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, Waldeck

Successors : Germany 1871-1945


Historical Atlas, Germany Page
List of Wars, Germany Page


Students' Papers : Jun, Bum Sun, Improvement of European Jews' Status as Described in 19th Century German Encyclopedias (2009)
Students' Papers : Do, Ha Young, History of the Gymnastics Movement in 19th Century Europe - Germany's Turnbewegung and the Czech Sokol Movement (2008)







EXTERNAL
FILES
Virtual Library History : Germany
Virtual Library Labour History : Germany
CIA World Factbook : Germany; BBC Country Profiles : Germany
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Germany
Timelines, Germany 1821-1916, from timelines.ws; from BBC News
Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Germany, from Kirken i Norge
Zentrales Verzeichnis Antiquarischer Bücher, search engine for German Antiquarian booksellers' stocks
Article Germany, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1909 edition; from EB 1911
A Global History of Currencies : Germany
Die Geschichte der Mark (History of the Mark), from sammler.com
Virtual Jewish History Tour : Germany, from Jewish Virtual Library
Vera Hierholzer, Searching for the Best Standard : Different Strategies of Food Regulation during the German Industrialization, IEHC 2006
Harder, K. Peter. Major Factors in Business Formation and Development: Germany in the Early Industrialization Period. Papers of the Sixteenth Business History Conference (University of Nebraska, 1969), 72-81.
King, David J. S. The Ideology behind a Business Activity: The Case of the Nuremburg-Fürth Railway. Business and Economic History, 2d ser., 20 (1991): 162-71.
Vascik, George S. Sugar Barons and Bureaucrats: Unravelling the Relationship between Economic Interest and Government in Modern Germany, 1799-1945. Business and Economic History, 2d ser., 21 (1992): 336-42.
DOCUMENTS Historical Population Statistics : Germany, from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer), borders of 1871 assumed for years 1815-1871
Documents on German History, from psm-data, many in German and English translation
Documents on German History from Eurodocs, merely a collection of links; from Dokumentarchiv, mostly legal documents, all in German only; Documents on German History in translation, from Univ. Newcastle, mostly on 18th century, in German
Quellen zur Deutschen Geschichte (Sources on G. History; presently 14), posted by S. Jacob, in German
Images : Abbildungen zur Deutschen Geschichte, posted by S. Jacob, German language website
Rare German Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamps Gallery; Catalogue of German Stamps 1870-1923, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer
> Virtuelles Bildarchiv, at present images to the history of Baden-Württemberg, Brandenburg available
Internet Law Library : Germany
Historical Research in Europe, listing of archives; click Atlas Search, Germany, 817 entries
Bibliographischer Werkzeugkasten, from HBZ, in German
1815-1866, from GHDI, primary docvs in English translation
Statistical Data, Germany 1815-1914, from HGIS, comment in German
REFERENCE Gutenberg Library Online, keyword Germany
Univ. Köln : Digitale Texte im Seminar f&uum;r Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte, many German-language digitized books on 19th century economic history
Eleanor L. Turk, The History of Germany, London : Greenwood 1999, 231 pp.; KMLA Lib.Sign. 943 T939t
Mary Fulbrook, A Concise History of Germany, Cambridge : Cambridge Univ. Press 1991, 263 pp. ; KMLA Lib.Sign. 943 F962a
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia Article Germany, vol.20 pp.39-133; KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.20
Sheilagh Ogilvie, Richard Overy (ed.), Germany, A New Social and Economic History, Vol.III : since 1800, Oxford : UP 2003 [G]
Wilfried Fest, Dictionary of German History 1806-1945, London : George Prior 1978, 189 pp. [G]
Hajo Holborn, A History of Modern Germany 1840-1945, Princeton : UP 1969 [G]
Hagen Schulze, Germany. A New History, trsl. by Deborah Lucas Schneider, Harvard : UP 1998 [G]
Das 19. Jahrhundert. Monarchie - Demokratie - Nationalstaat, Informationen zur Politischen Bildung 163, Ndr 2000 [G]
Ralf Dahrendorf, Society and Democracy in Germany, NY : Doubleday (1965) 1969 [G]
Brendan Simms, The Struggle for Mastery in Germany, 1779-1850, MacMillan 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. 943 S592s
Theodore S. Hamerow, Restoration, Revolution, Reaction. Economics and Politics in Germany, 1815-1871, Princeton : UP (1966) 1972 [G]