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Denmark Lübeck
First posted on September 22nd 2010






Holstein emerged as a Duchy in the Holy Roman Empire, Schleswig as a Duchy within the Kingdom of Denmark. In the early 14th century both duchies were united in dynastic union. The Dukes of Schleswig & Holstein long saw themselves as opponents of the Kings of Denmark. In 1460 King Christian I. of Denmark and Duke of both Schleswig and Holstein, granted the two duchies the privilege to be up ewig ungedeelt (for ever undivided).
In 1544, one third of the Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein was granted to Adolf, the third son of King Frederik I. of Denmark. The Dukes of Holstein-Gottorp, the descendants of Adolf, became archenemies of the Kings of Denmark. Incapable to defend their patchwork of territories against Denmark on their own account, they relied on allies (the Kingdom of Sweden; in the 18th century the Russian Empire) to maintain their independence vis-a-vis Denmark. Schleswig was reunited under the King of Denmark in 1773, Holstein, except for Eutin (to Oldenburg), in 1815. In exchange for giving up his territories in Schleswig-Holstein, in 1773 the Duke of Holstein Gottorp received the County of Oldenburg.
The long conflict between the Dukes of Holstein-Gottorp and the Kings of Denmark over Schleswig-Holstein left a mark on the identity of the Schleswigers, who during the rise of nationalism in the 19th century, split in two camps : those who strove for union with Denmark, and those who strove for union with Holstein within the framework of a German nation state.

Historical Atlas, Schleswig-Holstein Page






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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Current Article : Dukes of Holstein-Gottorp, from Wikipedia
Article Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf, from Wikipedia German edition
Historic
Links on History Category : Dukes of Holstein-Gottorp, from Wikipedia
Organizations Gesellschaft für Schleswig-Holsteinische Geschichte
Archäologische Gesellschaft Schleswig-Holstein
Arbeits-Gemeinschaft Genealogie Schleswig-Holstein
Historisk Samfund for Sønderjylland
Historische Landeshalle für Schleswig-Holstein
Historical Dictionary
Timelines Chronik Schleswig-Holsteins, from Landesregierung Schleswig-Holstein, in German
Zeitleiste, from Sylter Geschichte
Accounts of History current Article : Dukes of Holstein-Gottorp, from Wikipedia
Article Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf, from Wikipedia German edition
historical W.E. Christiani, Geschichte der Herzogthümer Schleswig und Hollstein, vol.1, 1775, vol.2, 1776, vol.3, 1777, vol.4, 1779, in German, GB
G. Waitz, Schleswig-Holsteins Geschichte, vol.1, 1851, vol.2, 1852, in German, GB
H. Handelmann, Geschichte von Schleswig-Holstein: Mit Berücksichtigung der nordelbingischen Kleinstaaten (1873) in German, IA
Specific Periods
Historiography
Military
Economy & Finances
Social History
Ethnography
Religion Article Evangelisch-Lutherische Landeskirche Schleswig-Holstein : Geschichte, Noldelbische Evangelisch-Lutherische Kirche, from Wikipedia German edition
Evangelisch-Lutherische Landeskirche Schleswig-Holsteins, from Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte by M. Rademacher, in German
Christen und Juden 1933-1945, Juden in Schleswig-Holstein, Herrnhuter, Sepharden, from Schleswig-Holstein von A bis Z, in German
H.N.A. Jensen et al., Schleswig-Holsteinische Kirchengeschichte (1873) in German, posted on Internet Archive
H.N.A. Jensen, Versuch einer kirchlichen Statistik des Herzogthums Schleswig (1841), posted on Internet Archive
M.M. Hansen, Kirkelig Statistik over Slesvig Stift, vol.1 pt.2, 1863, vol.2, 1864, vol.3 pt.1, 1864, in Danish, GB
History of Regions Duchy of Schleswig Article South Jutland County, from Wikipedia
Articles Nordschleswig : Geschichte, from Wikipedia German edition
Articles Sønderjylland, Sydslesvig, from Wikipedia Danish edition
A. Sach, Das Herzogtum Schleswig in seiner Ethnographischen und nationalen Entwickelung (1907) in German, posted on Internet Archive
Article : Sønderjylland (Historie), from Den Store Danske, in Danish
Duchy of Holstein
other Article Dithmarschen : History, Nordfriesland : History, from Wikipedia
Articles Fehmarn : Geschichte, Alsen : Geschichte, Dithmarschen : Geschichte, Nordfriesland : Geschichte, from Wikipedia German edition
Institutions
Culture
Biographies Biographisches Lexikon für Schleswig-Holstein und Lübeck
Others

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen List of Dukes / Grand Dukes, from World Statesmen (Ben Cahoon)
Lists of Bishops Article : Liste der Bischöfe von Lübeck, Liste der Bischöfe von Ratzeburg, Liste der Bischöfe von Schleswig, from Wikipedia German edition
Documents Historical Newspapers
Image Databanks
Archival Deposits
Constitutions, Laws
Document Collections R. Schleiden, Aktenstücke zur neuesten Schleswig-holsteinischen Geschichte (1851) in German, posted on Internet Archive
Urkundensammlung der Schleswig-holstein-lauenburgischen Gesellschaft vol.1 (1839, GB), vol.2 (1842), vol.3, (1875), vol.4, (1874), in German, posted on Internet Archive
F. Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein, Aufzeichnungen des Prinzen Friedrich von Schleswig-holstein-noer Zus den Jahren 1848 bis 1850 (1851) in German, posted on Internet Archive
N.H. Heldvad, Nicolaus Helduader's Chronik der Stadt Schleswig: Vom Jahre 1603 bis zum .. (1822) in German, posted on Internet Archive
Gesellschaft für Schleswig-Holsteinische Geschichte, Quellensammlung (1862) in German, posted on Internet Archive
Individual Documents House Laws of Oldenburg, from Heraldica, site in English, laws in German
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Historical Maps WHKMLA Historical Atlas, Schleswig-Holstein Page
Schleswig-Holstein 1730, from Thomas Höckmann, maps, links, in German
City Panoramas 1750, from Historic Maps, click Glueckstadt
Historical Atlas : Schleswig-Holstein, by Örjan Martinsson
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General
Religious
Economic
Geographical
Historical Ducs de Holstein-Gottorp, depuis 1616 jusqu'en 1720, pp.241-277 in vol.34 of Maximilian-Samson-Friedrich Schöll, Cours d'histoire des Etats Europeens, depuis le bouleversement de l'empire romain d'Occident jusqu'en 1789, 1832, in French, GB
Parliamentary Debates
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives Schleswig-Holsteinische Archive
Article Landesarchiv Schleswig-Holstein, from Wikipedia German edition
Landsarkivet for Sønderjylland
Musea Schloss Gottorf
Museen in Schleswig-Holstein und Hamburg
Museum Sønderjylland
Monuments Schleswig-Holstein, from Monumente Online
Libraries Schleswig-Holsteinische Landesbibliothek
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms
Coins Search Coin Archives for Schleswig, Holstein, Schleswig-Holstein,

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
on Schleswig-Holstein Schleswig-Holsteinische Bibliographie
Schleswig-Holstein, from BibScout
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
e-corpus
on Schleswig-Holstein
Online Journals on Schleswig-Holstein contents online
General Accounts Otto Brandt, Geschichte Schleswig-Holsteins, Kiel : Walter G. Mühlau 1925 [G]
Peace Handbooks issued by the Historical Section of the Foreign Office : Vol.35, Schleswig-Holstein, 1920, 108 p. [G]
Handbook / Encyclopedia Entries Territorien-Ploetz : Geschichte der Deutschen Länder, Vol.1, Würzburg 1964, in German [G]