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Franche Comte Princebishopric Basel
First posted on July 18th 2011, last revised using Dr. Link Check on October 3rd 2012







The County of Montbeliard, within the Holy Roman Empire, first appears in the 11th century. In 1397 it entered into a dynastic union with the Duchy of Württemberg. Prior to the Reformation it formed part of the Diocese of Besançon. In the Imperial Diet (Reichstag), Montbeliard held position 43 on the secular bench in the Council of Princes (Knorr 1672).
In 1524 the Protestant Reformation was introduced; Montbeliard became Lutheran in 1541. The area is French-speaking. From 1553-1593 it waws ruled by the Dukes of Württemberg-Urach, from 1617 to 1723 by the Dukes of Württemberg-Mömpelgard, from 1593 to 1617 and from 1723 to 1802 again in dynastic union with the Duchy of Württemberg.
Repeatedly the county suffered French occupation; in 1802 it was ceded to France and annexed into the Departement Doubs (Franche Comte).
In the 18th century, the following territories were listed as dependent on the Principality of Montbeliard : in the Holy Roman Empire the old County of Montbeliard, the old County and castle of Sponeck, the Barony of Franquemont, in the Kingdom of France the Baronies of Horbourg, Reichenweiher, within the Franche Comte : Blamont, Clemont, Hericourt, Chatelot, Granges, Clerval, Passevant (Hübner 1761).

Spelling varieties : Montbeliard, Montbelliard, Montbeillard, Monbelliard, Mumpelgard, Mümpelgard, Mömpelgard, Mümpelgart, Mons Bellicardus, monsbellicardensis, Mons Pelligardus
Today the territory of the county of Montbeliard is regarded part of the region of Franche Comte; historical publications often treat it as part of the region of Alsace.







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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Current Article : County of Montbeliard, from Wikipedia
Article : Principaute de Montbeliard, from Wikipedia French edition
Articles : Grafschaft Mömpelgard, Württemberg-Mömpelgard, Grafschaft, from Wikipedia German edition
Article : Montbeliard, from WikiProtestants, in French
Historic
Links General Categorie : Montbeliard, from Wikipedia French edition
on History
Historical Dictionary
Organizations
Timelines
Accounts of History General, Modern Article : County of Montbeliard, from Wikipedia
Article : Principaute de Montbeliard, from Wikipedia French edition
Articles : Grafschaft Mömpelgard, Württemberg-Mömpelgard, Grafschaft, from Wikipedia German edition
General, Historical E.A. Bouchey, Recherches historiques sur la ville, la Principaute et la Republique de Mandeure (Epomnaduodurum): origines et histoire abrege de l'ancien comte de Montbeliard, 1862, in French, GB
Specific Periods C. Duvernoy, Ephemerides du comte de Montbeliard, 1832, in French, GB
C. Duvernoy, Le chateau de Montbeliard et ses anciens maitres, 1840, in French, GB
Administration A. Tuetey, ?ude sur le droit municipal au XIIIe et au XIVe siecles en Franche-Comte et en particulier a Montbeliard, 1864, in French, GB
Military
Economy & Finances
Social History C. Duvernoy, Les villages ruines du comte de Montbeliard, 1847, in French, GB
Ethnography
Religion G.F. Goguel, Precis historique de la Reformation et des eglises protestantes dans l'ancien Comte de Montbeliard et ses dependances, 1841, in French, GB
Article : Montbeliard, eglise Lutherienne Saint-Martin, from WikiProtestants, in French
History of Regions
Local History Article : Montbeliard : Histoire, from Wikipedia French edition
Article : Blamont : Histoire, from Wikipedia French edition
Article : Montecheroux (Clemont, Doubs), from Wikipedia French edition
Article : Riquewihr : Histoire, from Wikipedia French edition
Article : Horbourg : Histoire, from Wikipedia French edition
Article : Hericourt : Histoire, from Wikipedia French edition
Article : Chatelot : Histoire, from Wikipedia French edition
Article : Granges-le-bourg : Histoire, from Wikipedia French edition
Article : Clerval (Doubs), from Wikipedia French edition
Article : Franquemont : Histoire, from Wikipedia French edition
Article : Montbeliard : Geschichte, from Wikipedia German edition
Article : Franquemont : Geschichte from Wikipedia German edition
Articles : Grafen von Sponeck, Burg Sponeck, from Wikipedia German edition
Institutions
Biographies J.H. Schnitzler, Marie Foeodorovna, nee princesse de Wurtemberg-Montbeliard, avant son elevation au tr?e imperial de Russie: 1759-1781, 1865, in French, GB
Christgoph Forstner, Kanzler zu Mömpelgard (1598-1667), pp.132-142 in A. Tholuck, Lebenszeugen der Lutherischen Kirche aus allen Ständen vor und w?rend der Zeit des dreissigj?rigen Krieges, 1859, in German, GB
Others F.J.C. de Gingings-la-Sarra, Tableau genealogique et raisonne de la maison des sires de Montfaucon, Comtes de Montbeliard, 1859, in French, GB
Les Enclaves Interieures : Montbeliard, from A. Brette. Divisions Territoriales en France en 1789, in French, euraldic

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen List of Counts of Mömpelgard, from Wikipedia German edition
Documents Historical Newspapers
Online Yearbooks Staatskalender GenWiki : Staatskalender Württemberg 1781, 1783, 1784, 1786, 1787, 1788, 1790 links to BSB
International Die Durchlauchten Häser in Europa : Mömpelgart / Mömpelgard, 1702 pp.165-167, 1705 pp.266-269, 1708 pp.317-319, 1716 pp.356-360, 1719 pp.257-236, 1725 pp.297-303, in German, GB
Die Durchlauchtige Welt : Württemberg, die mömpelgardische Linie 1710 p.343, 1739 pp.826-827, in German, GB
Jährliches genealogisches Hand-Buch : von der mümpelgardischen Linie 1730 pp.256-259, 1732 pp.207-210, 1737 pp.217-219, 1738 pp.228-230, 1741 pp.247-249, 1742 pp.243-245, 1745 pp.269-271, 1746 pp.283-285, 1747 pp.289-291, 1749 pp.311-314, in German, GB Neues genealogisch-schematisches Reichs- und Staats-Handbuch : Württemberg-Mümpelgard 1748 pp.314-315, 1750 pp.367-368, 1752 pp.419-421, 1756 pp.429-430, 1758 pp.427-428, 1759 pp.443-444, 1760 pp.448-449, 1761 pp.457-459, 1762 pp.464-465, 1764 pp.459-460, 1765, pp.405-406, in German, GB
M. Gottlieb Schumanns genealogisches Handbuch : Württemberg Mümpelgard 1758 pp.252-254, 1760 pp.266-269, in German, GB
Europäisches genealogisches Handbuch : Württemberg Mümpelgard 1756 pp.256-258, 1766 pp.285-288, 1768 pp.289-292, 1770 pp.298-301, 1772 pp.296-298, 1774 pp.297-299, 1776 p.296, 1780 p.303, 1782 p.305, in German, GB
Montbeliard in J.Ch. Poncelin de la Roche Tilhac, Etat des Cours de l'Europe et des Provinces de France pour l'annee ... vol.1 MDCCCLXXXIV 1783 pp.158, 166, in French, GB
Neues Reichs-, Staats-, Hand- und Address-Buch : Mömpelgard 1791 p.241, in German, GB
Image Databanks
Archival Deposits Archives Departementales du Doubs, Inventaire sommaire des archives departementales anterieures a 1790, 1870, in French, GB
J.M.J.L. de Mas-Latrie, Dictionnaire des manuscrits: ou recueil de catalogues de manuscrits existants dans les principales biblioth?ues d'Europe concernant plus particuli?ement les mati?es eccl?iastiques et historiques, 1853, in French, GB : Montbeliard pp.343-344
Constitutions, Laws Fürstlich Würtenberg-Mömpelgard. Privilegium de Non Appellando, 1667, pp.95-100 in Anhang einiger so viel wissend noch nicht in Druck gebrachter Privilegiorum de non-appellando, wie auch anderer zum Justitz-Wesen im Heil. Röischen Reich dienlichen Nachrichten, 1719, in German, GB
Treaties General Treaty Collections
Bilateral Treaty Collections
Document Collections
Individual Documents Imperial Matricula (Reichsmatrikel)
Mümpelgard, p.698 in C. Knorr von Rosenroth, Anführung zur Teutschen Staats-Kunst, 1672, in German, GB
other Rechts-begründete Widerlegung des von Hoch-Fürstlich-Mömpelgardischer Seiten sowohlen In teutsch- als auch frantzösischer Sprach durch den Druck divulgirten und diesseitige Rechts-Befügniss nur mehrers bestückenden Facti in Sachen des Regierenden Herrn Hertzogens Eberhard Ludwigs ..., 1725, in German, GB
Gegen Pro-Memoria 1739, in German, GB
F.G. Herzog von Württemberg-Mömpelgard, Beweis meiner unwidersprechlichen Ehelichkeit meiner Geburt, 1752, in German, GB
Historical Maps Map of County of Montbeliard 1616, from Wikipedia
Detail Map Montbeliard c.1600, from Wikipedia
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Article : Mümpelgard, col.1166 in J. Hübner, Reales Staats-Zeitungs- und Conversations-Lexicon, 1719, in German, GB
Article : Montbelliard, p.11 in vol.9 of Encyclopaedia Americana 1835, GB
Religious
Economic Mumpelgard p.325 in vol.1 of De koophandel van Amsterdam, 1780, in Dutch, GB
Political Die Grafschafft Mömpelgard, pp.230-231 in T. Pfanner, C. Nothnagel, Anleitung zu der Historie der ältesten Durchl. Fürstl. Häuser des H. R. R. , 1699, in German, GB
The Ancient Line of Mompelgard, p.293 in H. Moll, J. Savage, The antient and present state of the empire of Germany, 1702, GB
Montbeillard, pp.412-413 in vol.9 of F.B. de Felice, Code de l'humanite ou la legislation universelle naturelle, civile et politique, 1778, in French, GB
Geographical Magetrobia, p.400 in vol.1 of F. Ferrari, Lexicon Geographicum, 1674, in Latin, GB
Mümpelgard, p.357 in E.R. Roth, Memorabilia Europae, 1731, in German, GB
La Cercle de Suabe : Des terres qui dependant la principaute de Montbeliard, sous l'immiadete de l'empire, pp.349-359 in vol.5 of J. Hübner, La G?graphie Universelle 1761, in French, GB
The County of Mumpelgard and the Lordship of Asch, pp.332-334 in vol.5 of T.G. Smollett, The present state of all nations, 1769, GB
The principality of Montbelliard, p.230 in vol.4 of J. Playfair, A System of Geography, ancient and modern, 1812, GB
Montbeliard, pp.969-970 in vol.2 of C. Malte-Brun, A system of modern geography, 1834, GB
Historical
Postal Routes etc. Dictionnaire des Postes, 1754, in French, GB
Liste g??ale des postes de France 1756, 1773, 1777, 1778, 1785, 1787, 1791, in French, GB
?at g??al des postes et relais de l'empire français 1806, 1807, 1808, 1809, in French, GB
Postes Imperiales: ?at general des Routes de Postes de l'empire français, du royaume d'Italie et du Confederation du Rhin 1811, 1812, in French, GB
?at g??al des postes du royaume de France 1814, 1815, 1818, in French, GB
Livre de poste ou Etat g??al des postes du royaume de France 1825, 1831, 1835, 1836, in French, GB
Livre des Posted d'Europe 1788, in French, GB
K.Fr. Jahn, Post-Reise-Handbuch, 1833, in German, GB; search for Pruntrut, Porrentruy
Search Bradshaw's continental railway, steam transit, and general guide 1853, 1859, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, GB, for Porrentruy
Travelogues
Institutions Archives Archives departementales du Doubs
Les archives municipales de Montbeliard
Musea Musee du chateau des ducs de Wurttemberg, Montbeliard, from Musees de Franche-Comte
Monuments Liste des monuments historiques de Montbeliard, from Wikipedia French edition
Libraries
State Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Coat of Arms, from Wikipedia
Coins Montbeliard III p.150, in vol.3 of F. Poey d'Avant, Monnaies feodales de France 1862, in French, GB

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust
Swiss Electronic Library
on Montbeliard Gallica
Württembergische Landesbibliothek Stuttgart : Digitale Bibliothek
Thesis Server
Online Journals full text online Annuaire Statistique et Historique du Departement du Doubs 1832-1833, in French, GB
Table of Contents
Online
General Accounts
Specific Topics