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Germany France
First posted on September 14th 2005, last revised on February 5th 2012







The historical importance of the Saargebiet / Saarland lies in its coalmines. France, lacking coal, after World War I and again after World War II sought to acquire the Saargebiet / Saarland (Sarre in French), at least to explot the Saar coal mines for a number of years, and it was this political scheme which created the Saargebiet (1919) respectively the Saarland (1946) as a separate political entity.
Until 1919, the larger part of the Saarland was part of Prussia's Rheinprovinz; stretches of territory in the east were part of the Pfalz, which again belonged to the Kingdom of Bavaria.
From 1919 to 1935, and again from 1946 to 1957, the Saargebiet / Saarland was treated as a plebiscite area. In 1935 the Saarland voters opted for reintegration into the Reich, in 1957 for integration into the FRG.

Timeline : Saar
Historical Atlas, Saarland Page
Demographic History of the Saarland
Economic History of the Saarland




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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Article Saarland from Wikipedia
Article Saarland from Wikipedia German edition
Land Saarland, from Verwaltungsgeschichte by M. Rademacher, in German
Article : Sarre (Land), from Speedy Look (French perspective)
Saar-Nostalgie 1945-1959, in German
Links Category : Saarland, from Wikipedia
Kategorie : Saarland, from Wikipedia German edition
Links, on History Category : History of Saarland, from Wikipedia
Kategorie : Saarländische Geschichte, from Wikipedia German edition
Links, on History, from European Navigator
Portals informationsportal für Geschichte in Rheinland-Pfalz und im Saarland
sarrelibre.de
Organizations Saarländischer Museumsverband
Landeszentrale für politische Bildung des Saarlandes
Historical Dictionary
Timelines
Accounts of History Article Saarland : Histoty, Sarre (Departement), Saar (League of Nations), Saar (Protectorate), from Wikipedia
Article Geschichte des Saarlandes from Wikipedia German edition
Sarre Libre, German language website on Saar history
Geschichte des Saarlandes, from Saarland.de, in German
Politik und Geschichte, from Saar-Nostalgie 1945-1959, in German
Economy History of the Völklingen Plant, from Saarstahl
Article : The Economic Importance of the Saar, 1919-1945, from European Navigator
Article : Saar Franc, from Wikipedia
Article : Bergbau im Saarland, from Wikipedia German edition
Historisches über die Saarschifffahrt, from Kanufahrer
Wirtschaft, from Saar-Nostalgie 1945-1959, in German
Ethnography Geborene Saardeutsche und erdachte Saarfranzosen, Die Zeit 28. 8. 1952, posted on Zeit Online
Religion
Regions
Local History Article Saarbrücken : Geschichte, Neunkirchen/Saar : Geschichte, Saarlouis : Geschichte, St. Wendel : Geschichte, Völklingen : Geschichte, from Wikipedia German edition
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Saar
Die Saarländische Polizei 1945-1959, from Saar-Nostalgie, in German
Radio und Fernsehen im Saarland vor 1960, from Saar-Nostalgie, in German
Biographies on Germany Elektronische Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie
on the Saarland
Others Sam Henze, France, Germany and the Struggle for the War-making Natural Resources of the Rhineland, ICE Case Studies 2005
Article : Saar at the 1952 Summer Olympics, from Wikipedia
Harry R. Wilkens-Weyland, Kein Recht auf Autonomie. Der Separatismus im Rheinland, an der Ruhr, in der Pfalz und im Saargebiet von 1792 bis heute, posted on sarrelibre.de

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen
List of administrators, Westmark, from States and Regents of the World
Saarland : Heads of Administration 1920-1935, from Archontology
Population Figures Germany : Historical Demographic Data for Administrative Divisions before 1950, since 1950, from Population Statistics
Documents Historical Newspapers Links Kranten Historisch, from startpagina.nl, look for Historische Kranten Duitsland
Historical Newspapers online posted on dlibri (28 titles digitalized)
Simplicissimus 1896-1944, Index (pp.51-52), Volumes 21 cartoons on the Saarland; in German
New York Times Archive 1851-1980 has 6,184 articles on the Saar
Article : Deutsch ist die Saar (1935) from Time magazine
Zeit Online (since 1946), keyword Saarland, 2060 entries
Newsreels British Pathe
Wochenschau-Archiv (in German)
Archief Beeld en Geluid : Polygoon (in Dutch)
Propaganda Films George C. Marshall Motion Pictures
Image Databanks Saarlandarchiv Walter Barbian
Image Databank, from Wikimedia Commons
Archival Deposits online
Archival Deposits Indices
Constitutions, Laws Verfassungen des Saarlandes (Constitutions of the Saarland), from Verfassungen.de, in German
Document Collections Dokumente Saar 1945-1959, from Saar-Nostalgie
Individual Documents U.S. Embassy, Office of Public Affairs, Public opinion in the SAAR (February 1956), posted on Internet Archive
Weissbuch über das Saargebiet (1921) in German, posted on Internet Archive
The Saar Treaty (27 October 1956), from European Navigator
Historical Maps responsible institutions Saarland, Vermessung, Karten und Geobasisdaten
collections WHKMLA Historical Atlas, Saar Page
Saarland, hindsight T. Höckmann, Historical Map of the Saarland 1789
Historic Map of the Saar Area in 1793, from Wikimedia
Ensheim, Saar, Saargebiet 1920-1935
Saarland, contemporary
detail, hindsight
detail, contemporary City Panoramas 19th Century, from Historic Maps , Saarbrücken 1850
Encyclopedia Articles Article Saar, Saarbrucken, Saarlouis, Neunkirchen, from EB 1911
Articles Saarbrücken, Saarlouis, Sankt Wendel, Völklingen, Neunkirchen, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Institutions Archives Archiv des Saarlandes
State Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag 1946-1957, from FOTW
Coins, Banknotes Search Coin Archives for Saar, Saarland, Sarre
Article Saar Franc, from Wikipedia
Saar Banknotes, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Stamps

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general
on the Saarland Saarländische Geschichte (History of the Saarland), from geschichtecom, bibliography of titles in German language
Saarland, from Bibscout
Kleine Bibliografie zur Geschichte des Saarlandes, from Archiv des Saarlandes
Search RHS Bibliography for Saar
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Digitale Texte im Seminar für Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte, Univ. Köln; many 19th century texts, mostly in German
on the Saarland
Online Journals full text online Francia 1973-
contents online Zeitschriftenmagazin : Zeitschrift für die Geschichte der Saargegend, 1951-2001, posted by S. Jenks
not online Zeitschrift für Saarländische Heimatkunde / Zeitschrift für die Geschichte der Saargegend (Mechthold 4411/4397)
Abhandlungen zur saarpfälzischen Landes- und Volksforschung 1937; later : Saarpfälzische Abhandlungen zur Landes- und Volksforschung, 1940-1942 : Westmärkische Abhandlungen .. (Mechthold 0009/3325/4308)
Beiträge zur Landeskunde des Saarlandes, 1965 (Mechthold 0583)
Die Brücke, Beilage zur Saarbrücker Landeszeitung 1958-1972 (Mechthold 0775)
Chronik von Neunkirchen, Beilage zur Neunkirchener Zeitung 1909-1913 (Mechthold 0822)
Eckstein, ed. by Geschichtswerkstatt Saarbrücken 1991 (Mechthold 0911)
Geschichte und Landschaft, Beilage zur Saarbrücker Zeitung, 1949 (Mechthold 1193)
Heimatblätter für Heiligenwald, Landsweiler, Schiffweiler und Stennweiler, 1983- (Mechthold 1678)
Heimatblätter von der Saar, Beilage zur Saar-Zeitung, 1925-1926 (Mechthold 1694)
Heimatkundliches Jahrbuch des Landkreises Saarlouis, 1960- (Mechthold 1932)
Historisch-antiquarischer Verein für die Städte Saarbrücken und Sankt Johann und deren Umgegend. Mittheilungen 1846-1867 (Mechthold 2072)
Historischer Verein für die Saargegend. Mitteilungen 1890-1938, 1953- (Mechthold 2156)
Homburger Hefte 1965- (Mechthold 2259)
Lisdorfer Heimatblatt, 1999- (Mechthold 2554)
Neunkircher Hefte 1971- (Mechthold 2850)
Rund um das Stift (Saarbrücken) 1976- (Mechthold 3287)
Saarbrücker Hefte 1955- (Mechthold 3320)
Saarheimat 1957-1995 (Mechthold 3321)
Saarland 1956-1957 (Mechthold 3322)
Saarland-Hefte 1991- (Mechthold 3323)
Saarlouiser Monatshefte 1980-1986 (Mechthold 3324)
Saarpfalz 1983 (Mechthold 3326)
Saarpfalz 1935-1939 (Mechthold 3327)
Schiffweiler Heimatblätter 1982 (Mechthold 3374)
Die Stimme der Heimat, Beilage zur Saarbrücker Landeszeitung 1924-1937 (Mechthold 3574)
Stimmen der Heimat, Bietzen 1970-1971 (Mechthold 3578)
Stimmen der Heimat. Beilage zur Saarbrücker Volkszeitung 1951-1958 (Mechthold 3580)
Südwestdeutsche Heimatblätter, Beilage zur Saarbrücker Zeitung 1926-1931 (Mechthold 3615)
Unsere Heimat, ed. by Volksbildungsverband Pfalz-Saar, 1935-1940 (Mechthold 3838)
Unsere Heimat, Saarlouis 1976- (Mechthold 3877)
Unsere Heimat an der Saar in Landschaft, Geschichte und Volkstum 1951-1954 (Mechthold 3897)
Unsere Saar 1926-1935 (Mechthold 3912)
Unsere Saarheimat 1924-1925 (Mechthold 3913)
Westricher Geschichtsblätter 1961-1965, 1981- (Mechthold 4323)
Rudi Mechthold, Landesgeschichtliche Zeitschriften. Ein Verzeichnis deutschsprachiger landesgeschichtlicher und heimatkundlicher Zeitschriften, Zeitungsbeilagen und Schriftenreihen 1800-2000 (website no longer online)
General Accounts Peace Handbooks issued by the Historical Section of the Foreign Office : Vol.31 : Lorraine and Saar Minefields, 1920, 29 p. [G]
F.M. Russell, The Saar Battleground And Pawn (1951), posted on Internet Archive
F.M. Russell, The Saar basin governing commission (1921), posted on Internet Archive
Documents, Sources Eva Labouvie (ed.), Saarländische Geschichte. Ein Quellenlesebuch (Saarland History, a Sourcebook), Blieskastel : Gollenstein 2001, in German [G]
Handbook, Yearbook entries Article : Saar, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1951 p.612, 1952 pp.612-613, 1953 p.621, 1954 pp.623-624, 1955 p.672, 1956 pp.608-609 [G]
Article : World Politics - the Saar, in : Americana Annual 1930 p.821 [G]
Article : Saar, in : Americana Annual 1957 pp.681-682 [G]
Saar Entries, in : Statesman's Year Book 1925 pp.872, 947, 957, 979; 1928 pp.859, 936-937, 947, 970 [G]
Article : Saar Basin, in : New International Year Book 1925 p.626, 1928 p.673, 1930 p.700, 1932 p.739, 1933 p.734, 1935 pp.635-636 [G]
Article : Saar Basin, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1932 p.465, 1933 p.459, 1934 p.470, 1935 p.467; Saar 1952 p.357 [G]