1960-1971 History of India






Gujarat since 1971


Administration : The position of chief minister of Gujarat, from 1960 to 1974, from 1976-1977, from 1980-1990 and from 1996 to 1998 by the INC, from 1975 to 1976, from 1977 to 1980 and from 1990 to 1994 by the JP, from 1994 to 1995 by the JD, from 1995 to 1996 and since 1997 by the BJP.

Annals : 1972 : state elections held; INC formed government
1972 : land reform implemented in Gujarat (BBoY 1973)
1974 : a strike of students in Gujarat for lower prices of food in hostels escalated into an antgovernment movement (BBoY 1975)
1975 : state elections held; JP formed government
1979 : religious riots in Ahmedabad, Gujarat (BBoY 1980)
1979 : Indian Petrochemical Ltd. at Baroda operational (BBoY 1980)
1980 : state elections held; INCI formed government
1981 : students agitated against the reservation of slots in medical colleges for applicants from scheduled castes (BBoY 1982)
1982 : Hindu-Muslim riots at Baroda, Gujarat (BBoY 1983)
1985 : state elections held; INC formed government
1985 : following the state government announced that concessions for scheduled castes were to be extended to backward castes, Gujarat saw months of violent agitation (BBoY 1986)
1985-1986 : anti-Muslim pogrom in Gujarat; curfew imposed on Baroda (BBoY 1987)
1987 : Hindu-Muslim disturbances in Ahmedabad (BBoY 1988)
1990 : state elections held; JP formed government
1992 : Hindu-Muslim riots in Ahmedabad (BBoY 1993)
1993 : Kakrapar nuclear power plant, near Surat, Gujarat, operational
1994 : outbreak of pneumonic plague in Surat; controlled within weeks (BBoY 1995)
1995 : state elections held; BJP formed government
1998 : state elections held; BJP formed government
2001 : Gujarat hit by earthquake
2002 : state elections held; BJP formed government
2002 : Hinfu-Muslim riots in Gujarat; 1044 dead; Muslim monuments vandalized

Social History : In 1971 the population of Gujarat was 26.6 million, in 1981 33.9 million, in 1991 41.3 million, in 2001 50.5 million.
The Statesman's Yearbook, based on censi, gives the literacy rate of Gujarat as 35.8 % in 1971, 43.7 % in 1981, in 1991 60.91 %, in 2001 69.97 % (80.5 % for men). In 2001, 89 % of the population were Hindu, 9 % Muslim.






EXTERNAL
FILES
History of Gujarat, from Wikipedia
Ahmedabad, from Wikipedia
Article 2002 Gujarat Violence, from Wikipedia
DOCUMENTS World Statesmen : India, by Ben Cahoon
Historical Population Statistics : India, by province (J. Lahmeyer)
Statistical Reports of State Elections, from Election Commission of India
List of Chief Ministers of Gujarat, from Wikipedia
REFERENCE Article : India, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1972 pp.355-358, 1973 pp.353-356, 1974 pp.361-364, 1975 pp.380-383, 1976 pp.403-405, 1977 pp.402-404, 1978 pp.434-436, 1979 pp.426-428, 1980 pp.431-433, 1981 pp.430-432, 1982 pp.428-430, 1983 pp.423-426, 1984 pp.425-428, 1985 pp.508-511, 701-702, 1986 pp.698-699, 1987 pp.473-475, 667-668, 1988 pp.431-432, 619-620, 1989 pp.431-432, 620-621, 1990 pp.448-450, 635-636, 1991 pp.430-432, 620-621, 1992 pp.402-404, 619-620, 1993 pp.404-406, 628-629, 1994 pp.404-406, 627-628, 1995 pp.419-420, 628-629, 1996 pp.416-418, 628-629, 1997 pp.430-432, 626-627, 2002 pp.437-438, 630-631 [G]
Article : India, in : The Statesman's Year-Book 1975-1976 pp.331-397, 1976-1977 pp.332-398, 1978-1979 pp.599-665, 1979-1980 pp.603-671, 1980-1981 pp.601-669, 1981-1982 pp.604-672, 1983-1984 pp.609-675, 1984-1985 pp.610-677, 1985-1986 pp.613-680, 1986-1987 pp.616-683, 1987-1988 pp.622-689, 1988-1989 pp.624-691, 1989-1990 pp.630-698, 1990-1991 pp.631-699, 1991-1992 pp.628-697, 1992-1993 pp.701-771, 1993-1994 pp.704-770, 1994-1995 pp.696-762, 1995-1996 pp.693-759, 1996-1997 pp.635-701, 1997-1998 pp.640-707, 1998-1999 pp.690-758, 2000 pp.796-872, 2001 pp.774-849, 2002 pp.805-885, 2003 pp.807-887, 2004 pp.810-891, 2005 pp.811-894, 2006 pp.808-890 [G]
Article : India, in : Americana Annual 1972 pp.336-341, 1973 pp.344-348, 1974 pp.290-293, 1976 pp.103, 289-292, 1988 pp.275-276, 1989 pp.273-276, 1990 pp.267-270, 1992 pp.276-278, 1993 pp.276-278, 1994 pp.275-277, 1998 pp.272-274, 2006 pp.204-206 [G]
Article : India, in : Yearbook on International Communist Affairs 1976 pp.279-287 (Robert H. Donaldson), 1980 pp.247-252 (Walter Andersen) [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on May 15th 2007

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