History of India since 1968

Madras State 1947-1968

Establishment of the State : In 1947 the Dominion of India became independent (since 1950 Republic of India). The Madras Province of British India joined the Dominion; in 1950 it became Madras State. In 1953, Andhra State was separated from Madras State; in 1956 the South Kanara District was ceded to Mysore, the Malabar Coastal Districts to Kerala. Until 1962, the leading politician of the state was a chief commissioner; from 1963 it was a chief minister. In 1969 Madras State was renamed Tamil Nadu.

Administration : From 1947 to 1967 Assam was governed by INC-lead administrations, from 1967 to 1976 by DMK-lead administrations.

Annals : 1947 : Madras Province joined Dominion of India
1949 : Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) founded
1950 : Dominion of India became Republic of India; Madras Province became Madras State
1951 : food shortage in Madras State due to failure of monsoons in previous year (BBoY 1952)
1952 : food rationing and price control abolished in Madras State (BBoY 1953)
1952 : state election
1953 : separation of Andhra State from Madras State
1953 : Madras Manade campaign to attach Madras to Andhra State failed; Madras continued to be capital of Madras State
1954 : France ceded French India; Pondicherry and Karikal were not integrated into Madras State, but treated as union territory
1956 : South Kanada District ceded to Mysore
1956 : Malabar Coast Districts ceded to Kerala
1957 : state election
1957 : caste dissensions caused riot at Ramanathapuram, Madras State (BBoY 1958)
1960 : borders of Andhra Pradesh, Madras State readjusted
1960 : Kundah hydroelectric project inaugurated (BBoY 1961)
1962 : state election; INC proceeded to form a government
1965-1967 : following the elevation of Hindi to status of national language, anti-Hindu agitation
1967 : state election; INC proceeded to form a government
1968 : India and Ceylon agreed on the repatriation of c.800,000 Ceylon Tamils who were treated by the Ceylon government as 'recent arrivals' and thus foreign nationals
1969 : Madras State renamed Tamil Nadu

Social History : In 1951 the population of Madras State was 30.1 million (i.e. of what was to become Tamil Nadu), in 1961 33.6 million, in 1971 41.1 million.

History of Tamil Nadu, from Wikipedia
Article Madras State, from Wikipedia
Article History of Chennai, from Wikipedia
Chronology of Tamil History, from Wikipedia
A Chronology of Anti-Hindi Agitations in Tamil Nadu and What the Future Holds, from Tamil Tribune
Article Andhra Pradesh and Madras Alteration of Boundaries Act, from Wikipedia
Brief History of Tamil Nadu Secretariat
Article DMK, from Wikipedia
Article Dravidistan, from Wikipedia
DOCUMENTS World Statesmen : Indian States, by Ben Cahoon
Historical Population Statistics : India, by province (J. Lahmeyer)
Documents, from Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
List of Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu, from Wikipedia
REFERENCE Article : India, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1948 pp.383-386 [G]
Article : India, Dominion of, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1949 pp.337-340, 1950 pp.357-359 [G]
Article : India, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1951 pp.359-361, 1952 pp.353-355, 1953 pp.352-355, 1954 pp.352-354, 1955 pp.401-403, 1956 pp.342-344, 1957 pp.405-407, 1958 pp.338-340, 1959 pp.335-337, 1960 pp.334-336, 1961 pp.340-342, 1962 pp.332-333, 1963 pp.449-451, 1964 pp.426-427, 1965 pp.421-423, 1966 pp.372-375, 1967 pp.407-410, 1968 pp.409-411, 1969 pp.402-404, 1970 pp.408-410, 1971 pp.388-391, 1972 pp.355-358 [G]
Article : India, Republic of, in : Americana Annual 1957 pp.371-375 [G]
Article : India, in : Americana Annual 1961 pp.349-353, 1962 pp.354-358, 1963 pp.320-324, 1964 pp.319-322, 1965 pp.326-329, 1967 pp.347-350, 1968 pp.340-344, 1969 pp.348-351, 1970 pp.350-354, 1971 pp.343-346, 1972 pp.336-341 [G]
Article : India : West Bengal, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.380-382 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on May 13th 2007

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