History of India since 1971






Maharashtra, 1960-1971


Establishment of the State : In 1956 the Bombay State ceded Kannada-speaking territory to Mysore, but gained Marathwada (Aurangabad Division) from Hyderabad State and Vidarbha (Amravati and Nagpur Divisions) from Madhya Pradesh & Berar. In 1960, Bombay State was split into the States of Gujarat and Maharashtra.

Administration : From 1962 to 1979 Maharashtra was administrated by an Indian National Congress (INC) led government

Annals : 1960 : Bombay State split into Gujarat and Maharashtra; Bombay capital of Maharashtra, Marathi provincial language
1960 : Nagpur Pact; Nagpur (Vidarbha) elevated to second capital of Maharashtra; legislative assembly meets here for two weeks in December every year
1961 : communal violence in Nagpur (BBoY 1962)
1962 : state election; INC formed government
1966 : communal incidents in Maharashtra (BBoY 1967)
1966 : Shiv Sena (SHS), Maharashtra Hindu party, founded
1967 : state election; INC formed government
1968 : Hindu-Muslim riots in Aurangabad and Nagpur (BBoY 1969)
1969 : India's first nuclear power station at Tarapur became operational (BBoY 1970)

Social History : In 1961 the population of Maharashtra was 39.9 million, in 1971 50.3 million. The Statesman's Yearbook, based on the census of 1971, gives the literacy rate for Maharashtra in 1971 as 39.8 %; in 1961 80.2 % of the population were Hindus, 7.6 % Muslims, 7 % Buddhists.






EXTERNAL
FILES
History of Maharashtra, from Wikipedia
History of Mumbai, from Wikipedia
Article Shiv Sena (SHS), from Wikipedia
DOCUMENTS World Statesmen : India, by Ben Cahoon
Historical Population Statistics : India, by province (J. Lahmeyer)
Statistical Reports of State Elections, from Election Commission of India
REFERENCE Article : India, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1961 pp.340-342, 1962 pp.332-333, 1963 pp.449-451, 1964 pp.426-427, 1965 pp.421-423, 1966 pp.372-375, 1967 pp.407-410, 1968 pp.409-411, 1969 pp.402-404, 1970 pp.408-410, 1971 pp.388-391, 1972 pp.355-358 [G]
Article : India, in : Americana Annual 1961 pp.349-353, 1962 pp.354-358, 1963 pp.320-324, 1964 pp.319-322, 1965 pp.326-329, 1967 pp.347-350, 1968 pp.340-344, 1969 pp.348-351, 1970 pp.350-354, 1971 pp.343-346, 1972 pp.336-341 [G]
Article : India : West Bengal, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.380-382 [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on May 14th 2007

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