1846-1910 History of Nepal 1950-1990

Nepal 1910-1950

In a 1923 treaty, Britain recognized Nepal's sovereignty. Britain continued to recruit soldiers in Nepal, the famous GURKHA REGIMENTS. The Gurkhas were famous for their loyalty and courage; they served the British in many colonial wars, as well as in World War I and II.
The practise of burning widows alive with the corpses of their husbands was terminated in 1920. Slavery was abolished in 1929, TRICHANDRA COLLEGE established in 1918. Economic modernization happened in form of the establishment of a hydroelectric company (1911), cotton and jute mills, a match factory, a plywood factory etc.

In 1931, the population of Nepal numbered 5,600,000, the largest cities were Katmandu (108,804, Patan (104,928), Bhatgang (93,176). The most important agricultural products included wheat, jute, legumes, rice, tobacco, opium; anumal husbandry products skins and furs. Around 1936, the annual budget amounted 15 million rupees.

Library of Congress, Country Studies : Nepal
The Shah Period (1769 to date) from History of Nepal from Windows on Nepal
History of Nepal, from infoplease
DOCUMENTS Article Nepal, from Imperial Gazetteer of India, posted by DSAL
REFERENCE Hübner's Weltstatistik, 73rd edition, edited by Ernst Rösner, Wien 1939, in German [G]
Article Nepal, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1944 p.491, 1945 p.487, 1946 p.518, 1947 p.538, 1948 p.520, 1949 p.561, 1950 p.482 [G]
Article Nepal, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1918 pp.1089-1091, 1919 pp.1067-1068, 1924 pp.1114-1116, 1925 pp.1123-1125, 1926 pp.1088-1090, 1928 pp.1120-1122, 1929 pp.1102-1104, 1932 pp.1119-1120, 1937 pp.1156-1158, 1943 pp.1101-1104 [G]
Article : Nepal, in : Americana Annual 1940 p.567, 1943 p.538, 1944 pp.515-516, 1945 p.527, 1946 p.538, 1947 p.491 [G]
Article : Nepol, in : New International Year Book 1916 p.480, 1930 p.551, 1932 p.578, 1933 p.588, 1934 p.509, 1935 p.522, 1938 p.522, 1939 p.549, Events of 1940 pp.537-538, 1941 pp.455-456, 1942 p.485, 1943 p.436, 1944 pp.435-436, 1945 p.419 [G]
Article : Nepal, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1933 p.372, 1938 p.364, 1939 pp.390-391, 1940 p.391, 1946 p.300 [G]

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First posted on May 21st 2002, last revised on September 15th 2008

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