History of India since 1971






Orissa 1947-1971


Establishment of the State : The Province of Orissa, within British India, had been created in 1936 by partitioning the Province of Bihar and Orissa. In 1947 Orissa joined the Dominion, later Republic of India; in 1949 it was significantly enlarged by the annexation of 24 princely states.

Administration : From 1947 to 1967 Orissa was governed by INC-lead administrations, from 1967 to 1971 by a Swatantra Party (Independence Party) led administration.

Annals : 1948 : Bhubaneswar chosen as the capital of the Province (later State) of Orissa; previous capital Cuttack
1952 : state elections held; INC formed government
1953 : Rourkela Steel Plant founded
1954 : Oriya declared official language
1955 : the Machkund hydroelectric power scheme began to supply energy (BBoY 1956).
1957 : state elections held; INC formed government
1957 : Hirakud dam, across Mahanadi river in Orissa, declared open; Orissa suffered drought (BBoY 1958)
1961 : state elections held; INC formed government
1961 : Rourkela Engineering College established
1961 : village self-government introduced in Orissa (BBoY 1962)
1964 : the INC held its annual session in Bhubaneswar, Orissa (BBoY 1965)
1964 : religious riots in Rourkela (BBoY 1965)
1967 : state elections held; SwP formed government

Social History : In 1951 the population of Orissa was 14.6 million, in 1961 17.5 million, in 1971 21.9 million.






EXTERNAL
FILES
Article History of Orissa, from Wikipedia
Article Bhubaneswar, from Wikipedia
Brief History of the Orissa Legislative Assembly since 1937, from Orissa Legislative Assembly
Article Orissa Tributary States, from Wikipedia
Article Eastern States Agency, from Wikipedia
Chronological Account of Orissan History, from Orisa Reference Annual 2005
DOCUMENTS World Statesmen : India, by Ben Cahoon
Historical Population Statistics : India, by province (J. Lahmeyer)
Orissa Legislative Assembly 1937-2004, from Legislative Bodies of India
Statistical Reports of State Elections, from Election Commission of India
REFERENCE Article : India, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1948 pp.383-386 [G]
Article : India, Dominion of, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1949 pp.337-340, 1950 pp.357-359 [G]
Article : India, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1951 pp.359-361, 1952 pp.353-355, 1953 pp.352-355, 1954 pp.352-354, 1955 pp.401-403, 1956 pp.342-344, 1957 pp.405-407, 1958 pp.338-340, 1959 pp.335-337, 1960 pp.334-336, 1961 pp.340-342, 1962 pp.332-333, 1963 pp.449-451, 1964 pp.426-427, 1965 pp.421-423, 1966 pp.372-375, 1967 pp.407-410, 1968 pp.409-411, 1969 pp.402-404, 1970 pp.408-410, 1971 pp.388-391, 1972 pp.355-358 [G]
Article : India, Republic of, in : Americana Annual 1957 pp.371-375 [G]
Article : India, in : Americana Annual 1961 pp.349-353, 1962 pp.354-358, 1963 pp.320-324, 1964 pp.319-322, 1965 pp.326-329, 1967 pp.347-350, 1968 pp.340-344, 1969 pp.348-351, 1970 pp.350-354, 1971 pp.343-346, 1972 pp.336-341 [G]
Article : India : West Bengal, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.380-382 [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on May 11th 2007

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