History of Pakistan 1947-1958

Pakistan in the Making, 1930-1947

The Muslim League was established in 1906. The Muslim University at Aligarh produced a generation of educated Muslim leaders, a number of whom were to play an important role in the establishment and early history of Pakistan.
In 1930, Dr. Muhammad Iqbal proposed the establishment of a separate Muslim state in India, comprising of the states and territories with a Muslim population majority, these being Sindh, Punjab, Kashmir, British Baluchistan, the NWFP and Bengal. The name Pakistan was suggested by Chaudri Rahmat Ali in 1933, P standing for the Punjab, K for Kashmir, S for Sindh.
The Government of India Act in 1935 introduced limited self-government on provincial basis, and the Muslim League could get actively involved in politics. Yet even in Muslim-majority provinces, the Muslim League had to put up a fight in order to gain support of the masses; during the pre-independence period, Muslim League politicians held the postion of provincial premier in Sindh in 1940-1941, in the NWFP in 1943-1945, in Bengal in 1937-1946, in East Bengal in 1946-1947, in Assam in 1937-1938, 1939-1941, 1942-1946, in the Punjab not at all.
From 1935 on Muhammad Ali Jinnah presided the Muslim League, using it to propagate the concept of a Muslim state in India. When the British withdrew in 1947, the idea of a Muslim state named Pakistan enjoyed strong support among the Muslim population of the Indian subcontinent.

Article Pakistan Movement, from Wikipedia
Article Muslim League, from Wikipedia
Article Aligarh Muslim University, from Wikipedia
Article Muhammad Ali Jinnah, from Wikipedia
Article A.K. Fazlul Huq, from Wikipedia, from Banglapedia, from Salam Knowledge
Article Khawaja Nazimuddin, from Wikipedia, from Banglapedia
DOCUMENTS Provinces of British India, from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon)
Chief Ministers since 1937, from Assam Legislative Assembly
REFERENCE Christophe Jaffrelot (ed.), A History of Pakistan and its Origins, translated from the French, London : Anthem Press (2002) 2004, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 954.91 J23h

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on November 10th 2006, last revised on April 29th 2007

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