History of India since 1971






Rajasthan 1947-1971


Establishment of Rajasthan : most of present Rajasthan consisted, prior to 1947, of princely states where indirect rule applied. The British ruled Ajmer-Merwara directly; the remainder was organized s Rajputana Agency. In 1947 the area was integrated into the Dominion of India; in 1948-1956, in a process going through several stages, the merger of the various political entities into the State of Rajasthan was organized. Jaipur was chosen as political capital.

Administration : from 1948 to 1977 governments of Rajasthan were formed by the INC.

Annals : 1947 : Establishment of the Dominion of India, with Rajputana / Rajasthan
1947 : partition riots in Alwar, Bharatpur result in the exodus of a part of the Muslim population (Copland)
1948 : First Indo-Pakistani War; Rajasthan frontier region
1948, March 18 : Alwar, Bharatpur, Dholpur, Karauli formed Matsya Union
1948, March 25 : Banswara, Bundi, Durgerpur, Jhalawar, Kishangarh, Kota, Pratapgarh, Shahpura, Tonk formed Union of Rajasthan
1948, April 18 : Udaipur joined Union of Rajasthan
1949, March 30 : Bikaner, Jaipur, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur joined Union of Rajasthan, which was renamed United State of Rajasthan (Greater Rajasthan); Jaipur chosen as capital
1949, May 15 : Matsya Union merged with United State of Rajasthan (Greater Rajasthan)
1950, Jan. 26 : Most of Sirohi joined United State of Rajasthan
1951 : state elections held; INC formed government
1952 : Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) established
1952 : failure of crops in Rajasthan (BBoY 1953)
1954 : harvest in Rajasthan affected by locusts (BBoY 1955)
1956 : border adjustments with Bombay State, Madhya Pradesh
1956 : Ajmer State integrated into Rajasthan
1957 : state elections held; INC formed government
1961 : spread of village self0government in Rajasthan (BBoY 1962)
1962 : state elections held; INC formed government
1965 : Second Indo-Pakistani War; Rajasthan frontier state
1967 : state elections held; INC formed government
1968 : drought in Rajasthan (BBoY 1969)
1971 : Third Indo-Pakistani War; Rajasthan frontier state

Social History : In 1951 the population of Rajasthan was 15.9 million, in 1961 20.1 million, in 1971 25.7 million. According to the Statistical Year Book 1975-1976, in 1971, 19.7 % of the population were literate. In 1971, 89 % of the population were Hindus, 6.6 % Muslim.






EXTERNAL
FILES
History of Rajasthan, from Wikipedia
Seven Stages of the Formation of Rajasthan, from Rajasthan Legislative Assembly
History of Legislature in Rajasthan, from Rajasthan Legislative Assembly
The Further Shores of Partition : Ethnic Cleansing in Rajasthan 1947, by Ian Copland
DOCUMENTS World Statesmen : India, by Ben Cahoon
Historical Population Statistics : India, by province (J. Lahmeyer)
Statistical Reports of State Elections, from Election Commission of India
REFERENCE Article : India, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1948 pp.383-386 [G]
Article : India, Dominion of, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1949 pp.337-340, 1950 pp.357-359 [G]
Article : India, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1951 pp.359-361, 1952 pp.353-355, 1953 pp.352-355, 1954 pp.352-354, 1955 pp.401-403, 1956 pp.342-344, 1957 pp.405-407, 1958 pp.338-340, 1959 pp.335-337, 1960 pp.334-336, 1961 pp.340-342, 1962 pp.332-333, 1963 pp.449-451, 1964 pp.426-427, 1965 pp.421-423, 1966 pp.372-375, 1967 pp.407-410, 1968 pp.409-411, 1969 pp.402-404, 1970 pp.408-410, 1971 pp.388-391, 1972 pp.355-358 [G]
Article : India, Republic of, in : Americana Annual 1957 pp.371-375 [G]
Article : India, in : Americana Annual 1961 pp.349-353, 1962 pp.354-358, 1963 pp.320-324, 1964 pp.319-322, 1965 pp.326-329, 1967 pp.347-350, 1968 pp.340-344, 1969 pp.348-351, 1970 pp.350-354, 1971 pp.343-346, 1972 pp.336-341 [G]
Article : India : West Bengal, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.380-382 [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on May 11th 2007

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