1955-1970 1977-1988

Pakistani Punjab, 1970-1977

The province of Punjab, reconstituted in 1970, differed from her predecessor of 1947-1955 in two aspects : it included the princely state of Bahawalpur, and the Islamabad Capital Territory was carved out of Punjabi territory.

The Third Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 resulted in the independence of Bangladesh.
Former foreign minister and head of the PPP, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto assumed the presidency. He pursued a socialist policy, nationalizing a number of industries. While, from 1949 to 1970, the Punjab received the bulk of state investments, under the Bhutto administration a significant share of state investments was channeled to Sindh, the power base of the PPP. Also, the percentage of Sindhis employed in the state administration rose, in both cases at the expense of the Punjab. The army maintained to be dominated by Punjabis. A military coup d'etat in 1973 failed.
Provincial elections in 1972 were won by Bhutto's PPP, and Punjab's chief ministers in office between 1972 and 1977 all were from the ranks of the PPP.
The population of the Pakistani Punjab rose from 37.3 million in 1972 to 47.2 million in 1981.
In the 1970es, a campaign for a separate state of Seraikistan, comprising of much of southern Punjab, was launched.

Articles Provincial Assembly of the Punjab, Seraiki People, from Wikipedia
DOCUMENTS Pakistan Provinces : Sind, from World Statesmen
Historical Population Figures : Pakistan, Provinces, from Population Statistics
Former Assemblies of the Punjab, 1947-2001, from Provincial Assembly of the Punjab
REFERENCE Christophe Jaffrelot (ed.), A History of Pakistan and its Origins, translated from the French, London : Anthem Press (2002) 2004, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 954.91 J23h

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on May 3rd 2007

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