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East India Company
India, Pakistan
First posted on December 15th 2005, last revised on June 8th 2010

Successor States : Republic of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Burma, Malaysia, Yemen

British India 1919-1947
British India 1885-1918
British India 1858-1885

Earlier History : India under E.I.C. rule

Timeline : British India
Historical Atlas, British India Page , South Asia Page
List of Wars, British India

Click here for the History of the Mughal Empire, of the Maratha Federation, of the East India Company

Presidencies : Bengal Presidency, Bombay Presidency, Madras Presidency
Provinces : Aden (until 1937), Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Assam (since 1912), Baluchistan, Bengal, Bihar (since 1935), Burma (until 1937), Central India Agency, Central Provinces & Berar, North Eastern Frontier Agency, North West Frontier Province (since 1901), Orissa (since 1935), Punjab, Rajputana, Sindh (since 1936), Straits Settlements (until 1867), United Provinces

Princely States (Indirect Rule; only a selection listed here. the others are linked under the respective province / agency) : Awadh (Oudh, until 1856), Bahawalpur, Hyderabad, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Mysore, Travancore

Students' Paper : Yeon, Haram, Historiography of India between 1936 and 1940 : Focusing on John Gunther's Inside Asia (1939) (2010)
Students' Paper : Lee, Dahyeon, National Historiography : Heroes and Villains in the History of India (2010)
Students' Paper : Yeon, Haram, The History of Textiles in South Asia (2009)
Students' Paper : Lee, Seung Heon, History of Transportation in South Asia (2009)
Students' Papers : Kim, Min Woo : The Coverage of the Sepoy Rebellion and the Boxer Rebellion in 19th Century Encyclopedias (2009)
Students' Papers : Jung, Jewon : Industrialization of India from the Late 1800s to 1947 (2008)
Students' Papers : Lee, Jiyeon : History of Metallurgy and Mining in India (2008)
Students' Papers : Lee, Si-eun : History of Indian and Chinese Coolies and their Descendants (2008)
Students' Paper : Lee Yeonhwa, A Social History of Hindustan (Sept. 2008)

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles Current Here exclusively sites dealing with British India are listed. Many sites dealing with the Republic of India, in the section on history, deal with British India.
Article : British India, from Wikipedia
Links Category : British Rule in India, from Wikipedia
Virtual Library History : India
Links to sites in Indian History, from India Focus
British Empire in India, from India Net Zone
Organizations on Asian History International Association of Historians of Asia (IAHA)
Asiatic Society, Kolkata
FIBIS (Families in British India Society)
Historical Dictionaries Banglapedia, National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh
Digital South Asia Library, UChicago : Imperial Gazetteer of India, 25 vol., 1909-1931
E. Balfour, Cyclopaedia of India, 3rd ed. 1885, IA vol.1 A-G, vol.2 H-N, vol.3 O-Z
Timelines Timeline of Indian History, from BBC News
Clickable Timeline of Indian History, from kamat.com
Accounts of History General, Current Article : British India, from Wikipedia
Library of Congress Country Study : India
History of India, from Itihaas, 5 chapters, from Manas, 7 chapters, from historyofindia.com
General, Historical
Specific Periods Sanderson Beck, British India's Wars 1848-1881, India's Renaissance 1881-1905, India's Freedom Struggle 1905-1918, Gandhi and India 1918-1933, Liberating India and Pakistan, 1934-1950
Historiography Muhammad, Shafique, British Historiography of Muslim India, thesis, no date
Tahiri, Shabir Ahmad, Synopsis and Bibliography of History of Urdu Historiography, diss. no date
H.G. Keene, Primary history of India for schools 1892, IA; Text-book of Indian history for Indian schools 1891, IA
G.U. Pope, A Text-book of Indian History 3rd ed., 1880, IA
Administration Article British Raj, from Wikipedia
British Indian Acts, from India Net Zone (subchapters)
Policy of Equal Federation, British Administration in India [1935-], from India Net Zone
Morley Minto Reforms Act [1909], from India Net Zone
Delhi Durbar of 1911, British India, from India Net Zone
British Policy in India [1917-], from India Net Zone
Hunter Committee 1919-1920, British India, from India Net Zone
Public Services Commission 1886-1892, British India, from India Net Zone
Policy of Subordinate Union, British Administration in India [1859-], from India Net Zone
The Decentralization Commission Report, 1908, from India Net Zone
Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms, 1916-1919, British India, from India Net Zone
Welby Commission, 1895-1900, British India, from India Net Zone
Dyarchy in India, from India Net Zone
The Resolution of 1918, from India Net Zone
Growth of Representative Government in India, from India Net Zone
British Administration during Second World War, from India Net Zone
Imperial Service Troops 1889, British India, from India Net Zone
Islam, Zafar ul, Growth of Muslim Political Consciousness in Indo-Pakistan Sub-Continent 1898-1940 , diss. 1974
Military Wars of India 1800-1999, from ACED
India, from Land Forces of Britain, the Empire and Commonwealth
(British) India Index, from Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence
The Calcutta Riots of 1946, from Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence
Economy & Finances Global History of Currencies : India, by Bryan Taylor; Indian Financial Reform of 1858-1861, British India, from India Net Zone
National Overview India, Textile History Conference IISH, by Tirthankar Roy; History of Establishment of Cotton Industry in India, British India, from India Net Zone
Roman Studes, India and the Great Divergence : Assessing the Efficiency of Grain Markets in Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century India (2007)
Bas van Leeuwen, The Role of Human Capital in Endogenous Growth in India, Indonesia, and Japan 1890-2000, IEHC 2006
Jonathan Eacott, Manufacturing India : British Producers, Colonial Consumers, and Curious Collectors 1750-1830, IEHC 2006
Yoshifumi Usami, Change in the Work Force in British India, 1881-1921, IEHC 2006
Article : History of Tea in India, from Wikipedia
Article : Indian Rupee, from Wikipedia
Article : Economic History of India, from Wikipedia
Article : List of South Asian Stock Exchanges, Bombay, Calcutta, Ahmdabad, Madras, Hyderabad, from Wikipedia
History of Indian Science and Technology, from Indian Science
Indian Factory Legislation 1890-1891, British India, from India Net Zone
Royal Commission, Agriculture In India Abridged Report (1928), posted on Internet Archive
J. Mandis, Report on the Cultivation and Preparation of Tobacco in India (1871), posted on Internet Archive
Report of the Indian Tariff Board (1928), posted on Internet Archive
Indian Industrial Commission 1916-18 Report, posted on Internet Archive
Report of the Indian Cotton Committee (1919), posted on Internet Archive
A. Mukhtar, Report on Labour Conditions in Sugar Factories (1946), posted on Internet Archive
Kh.T. Shah, Sixty years of Indian finance (1921), posted on Internet Archive
A. Dhari, The growth of currency organisations in India (1915), posted on Internet Archive
P.A. Wadia, G.N. Joshi, A plea for an effective gold standard in India (1924), posted on Internet Archive
Electricity in India : being a history of the Tata hydro-electric project (1912), posted on Internet Archive
U.R. Bansal and B.B. Bansal, Industries in India during 18th and 19th century, Indian Journal of History of Science 19 (3) 1984 pp.215-223
B.E. Fernow, Forest policies and forest management in Germany and British India 1899, IA
C.G. Rogers, A Manual for Forest Engineering in India, 1901, IA
Social History Articles Famine in India, Timeline of major famines in India during British rule (1765 to 1947), from Wikipedia
Laxman D. Satya, The British Empire, Ecology and Famines in Late 19th Century Central India; Famine in India and the Colonial World, from Indic Studies; Famines in India, from India Net Zone
History of Indian Census, from Census of India
Medical History of British India : Cholera, Malaria, Plague, from NLS
Cholera and Colonialism in British India, 1986 article accessible through Past and Present, Oxford Journals
Medical Conditions during the 19th Century, British India, from India Net Zone
Caste Stystem in India, from India Net Zone, scroll down for "British Impact"
Ethnography Category Languages of India, Languages of Pakistan, from Wikipedia
Ethnologue : India, Pakistan
Minorities at Risk : Asia, scroll down for India, Pakistan
Languages and Scripts of India
Richard White, Changing Perceptions : British Reaction to the Development of an Indian National Identity, 1858-1914, Selected Papers in Asian Studies 1995
Michael Katten, Colonial Lists / Indian Power, Identity Politics in Nineteenth Century Telugu-Speaking India
India, pp.2705-2882 in vol.4B of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Religion Islam in India, by Aharon Daniel; Vedism (Brahmanism)
Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : India, from Kirken i Norge
Missionary Activities of British in India, from India Net Zone
Meer Hassan Ali, Observations on the Mussulmans of India, 1917, online book posted by authorama
History of Regions See files on the history of modern states of India : Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab (East), Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttar Anchal, West Bengal
See files on the history of modern states of Pakistan : Baluchistan, Punjab (West), Sindh, North West Frontier Province
Local History The number of files on the history of cities in what was British India is too large to list below.
Students are advised to be aware of spelling varieties and name changes when searching, or to go into the state files linked above.
Institutions A Short History of British India Steam Navigation
Article : Grand Trunk Road, from Wikipedia
Article : History of Rail Transport in India, from Wikipedia
Indian Railway Board, Report on India's Railways (1879), posted on Internet Archive
Article : History of Education in India, from Wikipedia
Article : All India Radio, from Wikipedia
Culture Architecture of India, from Manas
Biographies Indians of the Century, 100 biographies from The Times of India
Others History of Indian Vegetarian Societies, from IVU
Medical History of British India (44 vols.), posted by National Library of Scotland

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen World Statesmen : India, by Ben Cahoon
Lists of Consuls Foreign consulates in British Colonies, 1867 ed. pp.121-130, GB
Population Figures Digital Colonial Documents (India) at La Trobe; many censi
Memorandum on the Census of British India of 1871-1872 (1875), posted by Latrobe
Documents Historical Newspapers Kranten Historisch [historical newspapers]
Search Papers Past for India (Collection of New Zealand Newspapers 1839-1920)
Life Magazine, 1936-1972, Search for "India", search all issues; 3830 India articles, GB
Old Magazine Articles : Mahatma Gandhi
Newsreels India News Parade; see here
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
Indian Raj, British Indian Photography 1857-1947
Old Indian Photos
Systematic Collections
Mahatma Gandhi Photo Gallery
Historic Camel Photos - China, Mongolia and India
DSAL, Keagle Photograph Library WW II
Mahatma Gandhi Research and Media Service
Historic Karachi 1918-1930s
New York State Archives : Gallery : India (British India)
Balaji153, Old Photos of India (before independent)
Accidental Collections
Oriental Collections
Items on British India
India : Bombay, Calcutta, Cawnpore, Delhi, Madras, from Tram Views of Asia
Digital South Asia Library, Bond Photograph Collection, 1944-1945
Early Postcards of India and Ceylon
British Library, Online Gallery, Asia, Pacific and Africa Collection (mostly on India)
Universal Collections
Items on British India
Historic Picture Postcards, from Postcardman, commercial site
Search Bridgeman Art, Culture & History Images
License Plates of India, plaque.free.fr, License Plates of the World
Historic Picture Postcards, from Postcardman, commercial site
Archival Deposits India Office Records, Home Miscellaneous Series 1600-1900, published by ProQuest
India Office Records, India Office elect Materials, held at the British Library
Search Janus (catalogues of archives and manuscript collections held throughout Cambridge)
Tamil Nadu Archives, from TANAP
National Archives of India, Press-list of Records Belonging to the Foreign Department of the Government, 1784, 1970, typoscript, GB
The Cabinet Papers 1915-1978 : India, from The National Archives,/A>
Constitutions, Laws Laws 1836-1872, from Bangladesh Laws
Indian Legislation 1836-2007
Treaties C.U. Aitchison, A Collection of treaties, engagements, and sunnuds, relating to India and neighbouring countries, vol.1 (1892), vol.2 (1892), vol.3 (1863), vol.3 (1909), vol.4 (1893), vol.5 (1876), vol.5 (1892), vol.6 (1892), vol.7 (1862), vol.7 (1892), vol.8 (1892), vol.9 (1892), vol.10 (1892), vol.11 (1892), vol.13 (1909), posted on Internet Archive
W. Logan, A collection of treaties, engagements and other papers of importance relating to British affairs in Malabar (1879), posted on Internet Archive
India, pp.1209-1250 in vol.8 of Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949, 1971, GB
Document Collections Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1908-1931, posted by DSAL
Digital Colonial Documents (India posted at La Trobe Univ.
Documents for the history of India, from Project South Asia; Indian History Sourcebook
Foreign Office (British) : Peace Handbooks (1919-1920), posted on IA; vol.14. Dutch and British possessions in Asia, no.82-88
Search Hansard for India
Indian National Congress, Civil Disobedience Enquiry Committee, Report (1922), posted on Internet Archive
Annals of Indian Administration 1858, 1859, 1860, 1868-1869, posted on Internet Archive
Historical Maps collections WHKMLA Historical Atlas, British India page
Maps of India; Historical Maps of India, links from Rootsweb
Schwartzberg, Historical Atlas of South Asia, posted by DSAL
Historical Maps of India by Ian Poyntz
Maps from the Imperial Gazetteer of India (1909-1931), posted by DSAL
Historical and Political Maps of India 1805-1995, J. de Salas Vara del Rey
British India, hindsight
British India, contemporary Languages of India, map by Stephen Huffman
India 1896, 1898, 1900, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1911, 1922, 1932, 1936, 1938, Ethnographic 1906, Industries 1922, Railways 1922, Probert Encyclopedia
detail, hindsight
detail, contemporary Bombay 1907, 1922, Calcutta 1907, Delhi 1932, Madras 1906, 1907, Probert Encyclopedia
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Article Retro Bibliothek, search Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, Brockhaus Konversationslexikon 1893-1897 for India-related articles, in German
Classic Encyclopedia (Online edition of Encyclopaedia Britannica 1911 edition; numerous entries on India)
Religious Article India, Agra, Allahabad, Assam, Bombay, Changanacherry, Diocese of Cochin, Diocese of Coimbatore, Dacca, Diocesis of Hyderabad-Deccan, Kafiristan and Kashmir, Lahore, Madras, Madura Mission, Malabar, Mangalore, Mysore, Nagpur, Poona, Diocese of Quilon, Rajpootana, Trichur, Archdiocese of Verapoly, Diocese of Vizagapatam, Archdiocese of Calcutta, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1908 edition; Article India, Calcutta, Cochin, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906
Economic Ottomar Haupt, Währungs-Politik und Münz-Statistik, Berlin : Walther & Apolant 1884, in German, posted by DTBSWS, chapter Indien
E.G. Balfour, The cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, commercial, industrial, and scientific; products of the mineral, vegetable, and animal kingdoms, useful arts and manufactures (1885), vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, posted on Internet Archive
W.H. Weed, The Copper Mines of the World 1907, India pp.142-144
Geographical Imperial Gazetteer of India 1908-1931, posted by DSAL
India pp.220-247 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c. 1910, GB
Hindostan, pp.371-373, 374-376 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Historical India pp.324-344, in vol.2 of S. Maunder, The history of the world: comprising a general history, 1856, GB
Other Article : Indische Eisenbahnen, from Röll, Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens (Encyclopedia of Railroads) 2nd ed. 1912-1923, in German
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives National Archives of India
National Archives of Pakistan
Monuments Article : Gateway of India (Mumbai), India Gate (Delhi), Nicholson's Obelisk (Tarnol Pass, Pakistan), Victoria Memorial (Kolkata), from Wikipedia
Official Symbols Flags India : Historical Flags, from FOTW
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of India, from World Currency Museum, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money, from Zeno
Coins of British India, from Zeno, from Coin Pictures; Search Coin Archives for British India
Stamps Rare Stamps of India, of the Indian States, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery
Stamps of India 1854-1902, of India 1902-1935, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on British India India, from The Online Books Page
Bibliography of India, History up to 1750, by Hermann Kuhlke
David Steinberg, British-Ruled India 1757-1947, Bibliography of Books, Articles and Dissertations
D. Ludden, Bibliography on South Asian Agrarian History (c.1990)
Bibliography on Topics Relevant to Indic Civilization, from Indic Studies
Labor in South Asia, a Bibliography, from UC Berkeley Library
South Asia 1800-1950 Bibliography, by Sanderson Beck
Indian Biographic Archive, Selected Sources, from Saur
Online Libraries general Internet Archive ; Project Gutenberg
on British India Digital Library of India
History of India Digital Library
Indcat, Online Uinion Catalogue of Indian Universities, from INFLIBNET, click Union Database
Pakistan Research Repository
Panjab Digital Library
Buddhist ELibrary ; Jain ELibrary
Online Journals Guides Electronic Journals Online
on British India
Historiography Article : Indian Historiography - Colonial Period, by I. Capland, pp.458-460, in vol.1 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
General Accounts B.D. Metcalf and T.R. Metcalf, A Concise History of India, Cambridge : UP 2002, 321 pp., KMLA Lib. Call Sign 954 M588c
Vincent A. Smith, The Oxford History of India, (1919) Oxford : UP 2001, 945 pp., KMLA Lib. Call Sign 954 S642b
Francis Watson, India. A Concise History, London : Thames & Hudson (1974) 1996, 192 pp. [G]
Robin J. Moore, Imperial India 1858-1914, in : Andrew Porter (ed.), The Oxford History of the British Empire, Vol.III : The Nineteenth Century, Oxford : UP 1999, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 909.0971241 O98o v.3
Specific Topics H.S. Bhatta, Military History of British India (1607-1947), New Delhi : Deep & Deep 1977, 256 pp. [G]
G. Kaushal, Economic History of India 1757 to 1966, New Delhi : Kalyani 1979, 713 pp. [G]
V.B. Singh, Economic History of India 1857-1956, New Delhi : Allied Publishers 1975, 795 pp. [G]
British India, in : Lilian Charlotte, Economic History of Asia and Africa, New Delhi (c. 1926) reprint 1998, pp.258-466 [G]
Ian Copland, The Princes of India in the Endgame of Empire, 1917-1947, Cambridge : UP, South Asian edition 1999, 302 pp. [G]
Mushirul Hasan (ed.), The Partition Omnibus, Oxford : UP 2002, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 954.03 P132p
P. Spear, India 1840-1905, pp.411-436 in F.H. Hinsley, The New Cambridge History, vol.XI : Material Progress and World-wide Problems 1870-1898, Cambridge : UP (1962) 1978 [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Atlasses Gordon Johnson, Cultural Atlas of India, NY : Facts on File 1996, 240 pp., illustrated, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 954 J66c
Biographies David Gilmore, Curzon, Imperial Statesman, NY : Farra, Straus and Giroux 1994, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 954.03 G488c
Historical Dictionaries Surjit Mansingh, Historical Dictionary of India, New Delhi : Vision Books (1998) 2005 [G]
S. Bhattachariya, A Dictionary of Indian History, NY : George Braziller 1967 [G]
C. Baxter & E. Rahman, Historical Dictionary of Bangladesh, Lanham Md. 4th edition : Scarecrow 2004
E. Balfour, Cyclopaedia of India, 2nd ed. n.d. [1873], [G]

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