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Tamil Nadu Karnataka
First posted on May 27th 2006, last revised on Dec. 1st 2012

Kerala State was established in 1956 (within the Republic of India) when Travancore-Cochin (formed in 1949 of the two former Kingdoms of Travancore and Cochin) was merged with Madras Presidency's Malabar District, and renamed Kerala.
Besides West Bengal, Kerala is the Indian state where the Communist Party played the most prominent role. Population as of 2011 33 million; language Malayalam.

Timeline : Kerala

See also Calicut, History of Kerala until the Establishment of Company Rule, 1858

Historical Atlas, British India, India Page

Students' Papers : Myeong Do Hyeong, The Clash of Cultures in Malabar : Encounters, Conflict and Interaction with European Culture, 1498-1947 (2012)

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Country Profiles from India Net Zone; from Wikipedia; from Webindia 123
Links General Category : Kerala, from Wikipedia
on History Category : History of Kerala, from Wikipedia
Organizations Kerala History Association
Kerala Council for Historical Research, dead link as of Dec. 1st 2012
Government of Kerala, Department of Archaeology , dead link as of Dec. 1st 2012
Timelines Brilliance College, Timeline of Kerala
Accounts of History History of Kerala, from Webindia 123, from Wikipedia
Recent History of Kerala, from Ananthapuri
Politics Major Political Parties in Kerala, from Spider Kerala
Kerala Politics News, from My Kerala
Politics of Kerala, from Wikipedia
Indain Commuists , summary of a book posted on Shvoong
A communist state, summary of a book posted on Shvoong
History of the Communist Movement in Kerala (Book Review), on Haindava Keralam
P. Govinda Pillai, The History and Significance of the First Communist Led Ministry in Kerala, 2007
Article : Islahi Movement in Kerala : History, from Wikipedia
Kerala Legislative Assembly and the Constirutional Developments, from Spider Kerala
Economy & Finances The Economy of Kerala, from Webindia 123, from Economy Watch, from Wikipedia
Department of Economics and Statistics, Kerala
Kerala Crafts, from India Crafts
Social History
Ethnography People of Kerala, from Webindia 123
Malayalam, from Languages of the World, Ethnologue, Article Malayalam Language, from Wikipedia
Religion Christians, Muslims, Jews in Kerala, from Webindia 123
People, Lifestyle and Religions, from Kerala Cafe
Temples of Kerala, from Templenet; from India Net Zone
History of Diocese of Kottapuram (Catholic)
History of Archdiocese of Trichur
India, from Jewish Virtual History Tour
Article Cochin Jews, Mar Thoma Church, from Wikipedia
Patron Saint Index : Diocese of Kottapuram, Diocese of Quilon
Civil History, History of the Diocese from Diocese of Quilon
History of Regions Articles Kingdom of Cochin, Travancore, from Wikipedia
Indian Princely States, by H. Soszynski, index page
List of Indian Princely States, from Wikipedia
Local History History of Kozhikode (Calicut), from Wikipedia
Institutions History, of University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram
Others India Environment Portal : Kerala
Terrestrial Ecoregions : Indo-Malayan, from WWF; scroll down for Malabar Coast Moist Forests, North Western Ghats Montane Rain Forests, South Western Ghats Montane Rain Forests, South Western Ghats Moist Deciduous Forests

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), scroll down
Governors of Kerala, from Wikipedia
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : India, by State (Province), from Population Statistics, at UUtrecht
Population of Cities : India, Kerala, from City Population
Election Results from Psephos (since 2001)
India Election Database, results since 1989
Election Database, from Election Commission of India, results since 1977
Statistical Reports of State Elections, from Election Commission of India
Documents Modern Newspapers links from IPL
Kerala Article Archive, from Keepmedia
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
Photos of Kerala, by Peter Langer
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK)
Search New Zealand Electronic Text Centre
Search Janus (catalogues of archives and manuscript collections held throughout Cambridge)
Constitutions, Laws
Document Surveys British Library, Help for Researchers, Malayalam Language Collections
Catalogues of Oriental Manuscripts, at this site
Document Collections Historical Documents, from Malankara Syria : Christian Resources
Treaty of Paris 1763, from Historical Documents
Historical Maps Maps of Kerala, from Maps of India, from Maps-India
Madras, Mysore, Goa (Constable 1893), from Historical Maps of India
Travancore, Trichinopoli and ceylon (Constable 1893), from Historical Maps of India
Maps : Eastern Hemisphere 550 B.C., Eastern Hemisphere 527 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 500 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 400 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 335 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 323 BC, Easern Hemisphere 300 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 200 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 100 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 050 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 001 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 050 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 100 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 200 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 300 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 400 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 450 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 500 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 565 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 600 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 610 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 700 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 800 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 900 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1000 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1025 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1100 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1200 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1300 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1400 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1500 AD, by Thomas Lessman
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives Kerala State Archives
UNESCO Archives Portal, State and Regional Archives - India, one entry on Kerala
Musea Museums of Kerala, from Kerala Tourism
Museums and Zoos, Thiruvananthapuram City
Monuments Alphabetical List of Monuments - Kerala, from Archaeological Survey of India
Lighthouses of India : Kerala and Karnataka
Kerala Temples, from Indian Temples Portal
Showcaves : Kerala, Northern Kerala

Category : Forts in Kerala, Palaces in Kerala, from Wikipedia
Libraries State Central Library, Kerala
State Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag of Cochin, of Travancore, from FOTW

Bibliographies general Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies) (site in German, most titles listed in English; numerous entries; publications mostly since 1970)
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Kerala Indcat, Online Uinion Catalogue of Indian Universities, from INFLIBNET, click Union Database
Kerala Bibliography, by CHSS
Sacred Groves of India - an Annotated Bibliography, by Malhotra / Gokhale / Das
D. Ludden, Bibliography on South Asian Agrarian History (c.1990)
Online Libraries general Project Gutenberg, Online Catalogue, keywords Ceylon
Internet Archive
on India Digital Library of India
History of India Digital Library
Online Journals
General Accounts A.B. Clarke, In Kerala (1916), posted on Internet Archive
I.H. Hacker, B.J. Mathews (1912), posted on Internet Archive
Historical Atlasses C. Collin Davies, An Historical Atlas of the Indian Peninsula, Oxford : UP, 2nd edition, 1959 [G]
Historical and Cultural Maps, National Atlas of India Vol.8, published by National Atlas & Thematic Mapping Organisation, Calcutta 1983, edited by G.K . Dutt, S.K. Biswas [G]
J.E. Schwartzberg, A Historical Atlas of South Asia, Chicago : UP 1978 [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Yearbooks Article : India : Kerala, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.362-364, 1975-1976 pp.370-371, 1976-1977 pp.370-372, 1978-1979 pp.637-639, 1979-1980 pp.642-643, 1980-1981 pp.639-641, 1981-1982 pp.643-645, 1983-1984 pp.645-647, 1984-1985 pp.646-648, 1985-1986 pp.650-651, 1986-1987 pp.652-654, 1987-1988 pp.658-660, 1988-1989 pp.661-663, 1989-1990 pp.667-669, 1990-1991 pp.669-670, 1991-1992 pp.666-668, 1992-1993 pp.739-741, 1993-1994 pp.739-741, 1994-1995 pp.731-733, 1995-1996 pp.728-730, 1996-1997 pp.670-672, 1997-1998 pp.676-677, 1998-1999 pp.727-729, 2000 pp.836-838, 2001 pp.812-814, 2002 pp.847-849, 2003 pp.849-851, 2004 pp.854-856, 2005 pp.854-856, 2006 pp.851-853 [G]

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