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First posted on May 3rd 2002, last revised on May 20th 2010







The islands were a Buddhist kingdom from the 3rd century B.C. to the 12th century A.D., when Islam was introduced. Sultanate of the Maldives from the late 12th into the 16th century. Then Portuguese rule from 1558 into the 17th century, when the Portuguese were replaced by the V.O.C. Under the Dutch, the Maldives became somewhat of an annex to Ceylon, much of which the V.O.C. controlled.
In 1796/1803 the British took Ceylon from the Dutch, and with it took control of the Maldives.
When Ceylon became independent in 1948, British administratyion of the Maldives continued. The Maldives gained independence in 1965.

Historical Atlas, South Asia Page


Students' Paper : Lee, Seung Heon, History of Transportation in South Asia (2009)








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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles from BBC Country Profiles; from World Desk Reference ; from Nations Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia; from Index Mundi; from CIA World Factbook, Countries : Maldives
from World Wide Gazetteer
H.C.P. Bell, The Maldive Islands, 1882, IA
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World
from BUBL
List of Maldives-Related Topics, from Wikipedia
on History Category : History of the Maldives, from Wikipedia
Maldives History, from Maldives Culture
Organizations
Timelines from timelines.ws; from BBC News
Accounts of History General from Wikipedia
from Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World (Robert Winslow)
Dhivehi Tareek, History of Maldives, (1981), online book posted by Maldives Culture
Specific Periods Dhivehi Tareek, History of Maldives, (1981), online book posted by Maldives Culture
History : Coming of Islam, from Maldives Culture
The Maldivian Sultanate, from Maldives Culture
The Portuguese at the Maldives, from Maldives Culture (H.C.P. Bell, 1931)
Politics Political Resources on the Net : Maldives; Governments on the WWW : Maldives; For the Record 2000 : Maldives, from UN Human Rights System; Article Politics of the Maldives, from Wikipedia
Military Wars of the Maldives, 1800-1999, from ACED
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Maldive Islands
Article Economy of the Maldives, from Wikipedia
Article Maldive Rufiyaa, from Wikipedia
History of Tourism, Maldives, from Maldive Isle
Maldivian Links with Eastern Africa, from CPA Media
Social History
Ethnography Languages of the Maldives (1), from Ethnologue
Arabization of Maldive Culture, from Maldives Royal Family; reader's discretion advised
Maldives Ethnography
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Maldives
Religion Category Religion in the Maldives, from Wikipedia
Article Islam in the Maldives, from Wikipedia
History of Regions Atolls of the Maldives, from www.statoids.com
Local History Article Male, from Wikipedia
Institutions Article Male International Airport, from Wikipedia
History, from Television Maldives
Maldives, from Airline History
Structurae : Maldives; Search Lighthouse Depot for the Maldives
Culture
Biographies
Others Disaster History by Country : Maldives, from Relief Web
Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World : Maldives
Indo-Malayan Ecoregion, from WWF

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated); Political Leaders, from ZPC, including party leaders
Maldive Sovereigns, from Maldives Royal Family
Lists of Ambassadors Chinese Ambassadors to the Maldives, from PRC MOFA
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Maldives, from Population Statistics, Univ. Utrecht
City Population : Maldives, from City Population
Election Results from Psephos (since 2005); from IFES Election Guide (since 2003)
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Documents Modern Newspapers links from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
Photos of the Suvadive Revolt 1960-1963, from Maldives Culture
License Plates, from Francoplaque
Historic Picture Postcards, from Postcardman, commercial site
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK)
Search New Zealand Electronic Text Centre
Search Janus (catalogues of archives and manuscript collections held throughout Cambridge)
Search ARCHIEVEN.NL
Constitutions, Laws Internet Law Library : Maldives
Document Collections Gayoom's Dictatorship 1978-2008, from Maldives Culture
Historical Maps Atlas of Maldives, from Wikimedia Commons
Maps of Maldives, from Maldives Culture
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General from EB 1911 (Maldive Islands); from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1889, in German (Malediven)
Religious
Economic
Geographical Isles de Palandura, des Maldives, pp.714-725 in P. d'Avity, Le Monde, ou la Description generale de ses quatre parties, 1643, in French, GB
Maldive Isles, p.107 in E. Wells, A treatise of ancient and present geography:, 1706, GB
The Maldivia Islands, pp.51-52 in vol.8 of T.G. Smollett, The present state of all nations, 1769, GB
The Maldive Islands, p.535 in vol.5 of J. Playfair, A System of Geography, Ancient and Modern, 1813, GB
Isole Lachedive e Maldive, pp.63-74 in vol.3 of G. Ferrario, Il costume antico e moderno di tutti i popoli, 1829, in Italian, GB
Malte-Brun 1834 : The Laccadives and the Maldives, posted by LakDiva
Historical Maldivia Isles, p.204 in vol.43 of The modern part of an universal history, 1765, GB
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues The voyage of Franc?ois Pyrard of Laval to the East Indies, the Maldives, the Moluccas and Brazil (he died in 1621) 1887, IA
Institutions Archives
Musea National Museum of the Maldives, from Wikipedia
Monuments
Libraries
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Emblem, from Wikipedia; National Anthem, from National Anthems Net
Coins, Banknotes Maldive Islands banknotes, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money; from World Currency Museum; from Zeno
Coins, from Zeno
Circular Coinage of the Maldive Islands, from Maldives Royal Family

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies) (site in German, most titles listed in English; numerous entries; publications mostly since 1970)
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
Search DBNG for Orixa etc.
on the Maldives
Online Libraries general Project Gutenberg, Online Catalogue, keywords Ceylon
Internet Archive
e-corpus
on India Digital Library of India
Online Journals
General Accounts
Historical Dictionaries Terry M. Mays, Historical Dictionary of Multinational Peacekeeping, Lanman Md. : Scarecrow 1996 [G]
Historical Atlasses
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Maldives, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.187-188, 2nd ed. 1978 pp.187-188, 4th ed. 1984 pp.187-188 [G]
Yearbook Entries Britannica Book of the Year Maldive Islands, 1967 p.501, 1968 p.500, 1969 pp.485-486, Maldives, Republic of, 1970 p.490, 1971 p.473, 1972 p.445, 1973 p.443, 1974 p.446, 1975 pp.473-474, 1976 pp.501-502, 1977 p.502, 1978 p.533, 1979 p.521, 1980 p.521, 1981 p.525, 1982 pp.524-525, 1983 pp.518-519, 1984 p.516, 1985 pp.511, 732, 1986 pp.506, 730, 1987 pp.475, 698, 1988 pp.433, 650, 1989 pp.432-433, 651, 1990 pp.450, 666, 1991 pp.432, 650, 1992 pp.404, 651, 1993 pp.406, 663, 1994 pp.407-408, 662, 1995 pp.442, 662, 1996 pp.440, 662, 1997 pp.448-449, 660, 2002 pp.462, 667 [G]
Statesman's Year-Book Ceylon : The Maldive Islands, 1895 p.109, 1898 p.108, 1901 p.118, 1905 p.122, 1910 p.108, 1918 pp.104-105, 1919 pp.109-110, 1924 pp.112-113, 1925 p.114, 1926 pp.103-104, 1928 pp.104-105, 1929 pp.104-105, 1932 pp.105-106, 1937 pp.111-112, 1943 pp.98-99, Maldive, Republic of, 1970-1971 p.1141, 1975-1976 p.1142, 1976-1977 p.1142, 1978-1979 p.825, 1979-1980 p.829, 1980-1981 pp.833-834, 1981-1982 pp.836-837, 1983-1984 pp.828-830, 1984-1985 pp.828-829, 1985-1986 pp.830-831, 1986-1987 pp.829-830, 1987-1988 pp.833-835, 1988-1989 pp.835-836, 1989-1990 pp.844-845, 1990-1991 pp.845-847, Maldives, 1991-1992 pp.846-848, 1992-1993 pp.929-930, 1993-1994 pp.926-927, 1994-1995 pp.922-924, 1995-1996 pp.919-921, 1996-1997 pp.868-870, 1997-1998 pp.877-879, 1998-1999 pp.941-943, 2000 pp.1073-1075, 2001 pp.1049-1051, 2002 pp.1090-1092, 2003 pp.1092-1094, 2004 pp.1098-1100, 2005 pp.1105-1107, 2006 pp.1107-1110 [G]
(New) Int'l Yearbook Ceylon - Maldives, 1918 p.118, Ceylon : Maldive Archipelago, 1919 p.137, 1920 p.124, 1921 p.127, 1923 p.127, 1925 p.132, 1928 p.144, 1930 p.145, 1932 p.149, 1933 p.137, 1934 p.122, 1935 p.127, 1938 p.131, 1939 p.121, Events of 1940 p.116, 1941 p.104
Americana Annual Ceylon - Maldive Islands, 1932 p.148, 1933 p.144, 1934 p.137, 1935 p.135, 1936 p.128, 1937 p.115, 1938 p.114, Maldive Islands, 1957 p.473, 1962 p.453, 1963 p.407, 1964 p.407, 1967 pp.426-427, 1968 p.422, 1969 p.432, 1970 p.428, Maldives, 1971 p.434, 1972 p.432, 1973 pp.433-434
Other Entry : Maldives, in : The Commonwealth Yearbook 1989 pp.273-274 [G]