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Literature on the History of South Asia . Literature on the History of Southeast Asia
Roof of Asia Mainland Southeast Asia
First posted on February 9th 2014






NARRATIVE . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Introduction . Prehistory . 350-1228 . 1228-1826 . 1826-1947 . since 1947




Introduction
The Northeast South Asia is a geographic region, here understood as comprising of the modern Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura, as well as Sylhet and Chittagong Districts (modern Bangladesh). The Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura are collectively known as North East India or the "Seven Sisters". Until the 19th century, European geographers regarded the Ganges an important regional border ("India on this side of the Ganges" / "India beyond the Ganges") and the area has strong cultural connections with Mainland Southeast Asia. British administration in the 19th century (Bengal Presidency) politically integrated the region into British India.

Prehistory
Potsherds dating back to 4460 BP have been found in Manipur (Hazarika). It is assumed that Neolithic culture (agriculture based on rice, millet) spread into North East South Asia in around 3000 BCE (Hazarika).

c.350-1228
Indian sources refer to the Brahmaputra valley as the Kingdom of Kamarupa. It is first documented for the mid 4th century CE and lasted until 1140, when it disintegrated, the Kamata, Kachari and Sutiya Kingdoms being its successors.

1228-1826
By the mid 13th century CE, the territory of the former Kingdom of Kamarupa had been divided into three : the Kamata Kingdom (13th c.-1498) in the lower Brahmaputra valley, the Ahom Kingdom in the central Brahmaputra valley and the Sutiya Kingdom (1187-1673) in the upper Brahmaputra valley. The Ahom Kingdom had been established by the Tai-Ahoms, immigrants from Mainland Southeast Asia, in 1228.
From 1515 to 1586 former Kamata was ruled by the Koch Dynasty, which split in 1586; its eastern part, Koch Hajo (1586-1614) was conquered and annexed by the Mughal Empire; the Ahoms conquered Darrang (1616) and Kamrup (1657) from the Mughals. In 1673 Sutiya Kingdom became a vassal state of the Ahom Dynasty.
Assam had little trade connections with the outside world; trade was still largely conducted as barter trade.
South of the Brahmaputra valley, the Kachari Kingdom (13th century-1854), Manipur Kingdom (14th century-1947), Tripura Kingdom (until 1947). The inhabitants of present-day Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh lived in tribal units; North East South Asia was an ethno-linguistic kaleidoscope.
Islam began to spread in what was to become Sylhet division in the 14th century. The Assamese had their own religion; during Ahom rule Hinduism gradually spread in the area. In Manipur, Vaishnavism became dominant in the 18th century.

1826-1947
In 1826-1854 the Britain (the East India Company) annexed what made up pre-1972 Assam. Assam was integrated into Bengal Presidency. The British applied direct rule in Assam, while they left Indian princes administrate Manipur and Tripura (indirect rule). Regulations forbade Britons to go beyond the plains, leaving the hills effectively to the native population.
Tea plantation culture was introduced in 1837; today, Assam is the world's largest tea growing area. Until 1843 the tea plantations were worked by imported Chinese labour ("coolies"); after that, workers were brought in from Central India. The cultivation of opium was declared a company monopoly. In 1858, the East India Company went bankrupt, and the British government took over its assets (British India).
In 1874, Assam (with Sylhet) was created a separate Chief-Commissionership, to which the Lushai Hills (Mizoram) were added in 1898. For the purpose of creating provinces of compatible population and size, in 1905 East Bengal was separated from the Province (former Presidency) of Bengal and amalgamated with Assam to the new Province of East Bengal and Assam. This opened Assam up to Bengali immigration. In 1911 East Bengal was reunited with West Bengal. For Assam in 1912 a Legislative Council was created, which in 1937 became a Legislative Assembly.
In 1914 Britain and Tibet agreed on the McMahon Line (the northern border of Arunachal Pradesh); thus, the North East Frontier Agency was created. During World War II, the border of Assam to Burma temporarily became a front line.

since 1947
In 1947 British colonial rule ended. Assam (except for Sylhet District, annexed by Pakistan) became part of India, as did the hitherto princely states of Tripura and Manipur. The Indo-Pakistani Wars of 1948, 1965 and 1971 caused an influx of Hindu refugees, mostly Bengali, into Assam. During the Sino-Indian War of 1962, most of the North East Frontier Agency was occupied by Chinese troops. Nagaland, was granted statehood within the Republic of India in 1963. Chinese troops left NEFA in 1963; the area, under the name of Arunachal Pradesh, was granted statehood in 1987. The replacement of English by Assamese as official language in Assam resulted in the secession of Meghalaya (1972). Mizoram seceded in 1987.
In 1971, East Pakistan (with Sylhet and Chittagong Districts) seceded from Pakistan and adopted the name Bangladesh.






Narrative . References : ONLINE SECONDARY SOURCES . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles Modern
Historical R.B. Pemberton, Report on the eastern frontier of British India, 1835, GB
John M'Cosh, Topography of Assam, 1837, GB
Book III : District of Assam, pp.600-696 in R.M. Martin, The History, Antiquities, Topography, and Statistics of Eastern India, 1838, GB
Butler, John, A sketch of Assam with some account of the Hill tribes ; with illustrations from sketches by the author, 1847, SBB
Mills, A. J. Moffatt, Report on the province of Assam, 1854, SBB
Selection of papers regarding the hill tracts between Assam and Burmah and on the upper Brahmaputra, 1873, SBB
Links
Organizations Society of South Asian Archaeology
Asiatic Society Mumbai; Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland
Archaeological Survey of India
Numismatic Society of India; Oriental Numismatic Society
International Association of Historians of Asia (IAHA)
Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts
Mizo History Association
Historical Dictionary E.G. Balfour, The Cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, commercial, industrial, and scientific; products of the mineral, vegetable, and animal kingdoms, useful arts and manufactures (1885), vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, IA
WikiAssam
Imperial Gazetteer of India 1909-1931, DSAL
Timelines
Accounts of History General Article : History of Assam, Wikipedia
R.M. Martin, The History, Antiquities, Topography, and Statistics of Eastern India, 1838, GB
Specific Periods
Until 600 BCE S.N. Rao, Continuity and Survival of Neolithic Traditions in Northeastern India, Asian Perspectives, xx (2), 1977 pp.191-205
M. Hazarika, Neolithic Culture of Northeast India: A Recent Perspective on the Origins of Pottery and Agriculture, Ancient Asia I 2006 pp.25-44
Assam State Gazetteer : History : Pre-History and Ancient Period
600 BCE-600 CE
600-1450
1450-1750
1750-1914 Article : Colonial Assam (1826-1947), Wikipedia
L.W. Shakespear, History of Upper Assam, Upper Burmah and North-Eastern Frontier, 1914, IA
R. Reid, History of the Frontier Areas Bordering on Assam, 1883-1941, 1942, IA
Times of Assam, The Great Betrayal. Annexations & the Uprising in Assam Mar. 15 2002 on 1824-1830 (1894)
L. Dao, Schizophrenic Alienation of N.E India: Its Historical Roots, E-Pao
since 1914 T. Haokip, Political Integration of Northeast India: A Historical Analysis, Institute for Defense Studies and Analysis : Strategic Analysis 36 no.2 2012
K. Inoue, Integration of the Northeast : The State Formation Process, IDE-JETRO 2005
M.S. Hassan, Understanding the Breakdown in North East India : Explorations in State-Society Relations 2007
Historiography A. Guha, Nationalism: Pan-Indian and Regional in a Historical Perspective, Social Scientist 129 1984 pp.42-65, on Historiography, Assam
N. Das, Fabrication of history : construction of the Assamese identity under British colonialism (1826-1920), thesis Jawaharlal Nehru Univ. 2014
Administration / Politics Governments on the WWW : State Governments : Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland
Wikipedia, Politics of Assam
History, from Assam Legislative Assembly
K. Basumatary, Political economy of Bodo movement in Assam: a human development perspective , thesis North Eastern Hill University 2010
M.V. Pereira, Customary law and state formation in North-East India: a comparative study of the Angami of Nagaland and the Garo of Meghalaya, thesis Jawaharlal Nehru Univ. 2014
M. Bhattacharjee, Mizoram in transition, a study of socio-political movements (1947-86) , thesis Hyderabad 2011
Military Assam, from Global Security
History, from Assam Rifles
Assam Assessment, from SATP
Article : First Anglo-Burmese War, from Wikipedia
Lalthakima, Insurgency in Mizoram: a study of its origin, growth and dimension, thesis Mizoram Univ. 2010
Economy & Finances
General The Economy of Assam, from Webindia 123, from North East India Databank, from Economy Watch
Oinam Somorendro Meitei, Economic History of Manipur (1826-1891), posted on Manipur Online
Periods of Economic History S. Sikdar, Tribalism vs. Colonialism: British Capitalistic Intervention and Transformation of Primitive Economy of Arunachal Pradesh in the Nineteenth Century, Social Scientist 115 1982 pp.15-31
H.K. Nath, The Rise of an Enclave Economy, 1997 rev. 1999, on Assam
Currency & Finances Article Tripura Coinage, from Banglapedia
Assam Online Portal : Banking, Trade and Commerce
Trade R. Sarkar et al., Two Nineteenth Century Trade Routes in the Eastern Himalayas: the Bhutanese trade with Tibet and Bengal, Journal of Bhutan Studies vol.15 no.3 2006 pp.56-83
A. Deb, Tibet and Bengal. A Study in Trade Policy and Trade Pattern (1775-1875), Bulletin of Tibetology vol.3 no.3 1984 pp.17-32
C.R. Markham, Travels in Great Tibet, and Trade between Tibet and Bengal, Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society vol.19 no.5, 1874-1875 pp.327-347
International Workshop on Southern Silk Route 2008, Summary of Proceedings
Agriculture Article Assam Tea, from Wikipedia
N. Khadria, Some aspects of the rural economy of Assam: a study of the Brahmaputra valley districts, thesis Jawaharlal Nehru Univ. 2014
S.E.H. Pakyntein, Opium prohibition campaign in Assam, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Bulletin on Narcotics 1958
Mining S. Sen, Socio-Economic Impact of Coal Mining Industry in Assam (1826-1947) - A Historical Study, The Echo vol.I no.IV 2013
Assam Online Portal : Mining and Heavy Industries
Crafts Assam Online Portal : Old Time Industries
N. Khadria, Traditional Crafts and Occupational Structure of the Assamese Rural Society in the 19th Century, Social Scientist 210-211 1990 pp.36-63, DSAL
IGNCA, Arts & Crafts of North East
Social History H. Gohain, Origins of the Assamese Middle Class, Social Science 13 1973 pp.11-26, DSAL
S. Chelliah et al., Contact and convergence in the Northeast, ch.2.4 in E. Bashir et al. eds., The Field of Linguistics: South Asia. Berlin 2014
N. Varma, Producing tea coolies? - Work, life and protest in the colonial tea plantations of Assam, 1830s-1920s, thesis Humboldt Univ. Berlin 2013
A. Hossain, Historical globalization and its effects: a study of Sylhet and its people, 1874-1971 , thesis Nottingham 2011
V.R. Osmani, The historical background of the immigration problems in Assam 1946 to 1983 , thesis Aligarh 2013
R.P. Behal, Some aspects of the growth of the tea plantation labour force and labour movements in Assam valley districts (Lakhimpur, Sibsagar and Darrang), 1900-1947, thesis Jawaharlal Nehru Univ. 2013
S.D. Gupta, The Position of women in Meghalaya, 1981-2001: a study of some demographic, health and socio-economic indicators, thesis Jawaharlal Nehru Univ. 2013
S. Bhaumik, Disaster in Tripura, 1947-1948 influx of Hindu Bengali refugees
K.D. Kour, On the evils of opium eating : Reflections on Nineteenth Century Assamese Literary Reformist Discourse, European Academic Research, vol.1 no.2 2013
Ethnography People of Assam, from Webindia 123
Minorities at Risk - India, Assamese, Bodo
India, from Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre
S. Morey, Ahom and Tangsa: Case studies of language maintenance and loss in North East India, Language Documentation & Conservation Special Publication No. 7 (January 2014) Language Endangerment and Preservation in South Asia, ed. by H.C. Cardoso, pp.46-77
Tribal Transitions. An ESRC Project on Cultural Change in Arunachal Pradesh, india, posted by SOAS
Tribes in Arunachal Pradesh, from Arunachal Pradesh
Article Monpa, Article Mishmi, Article Nishi (Dafla), Article Ade (Abor), Article Aka, from Wikipedia
The Stateless Chakmas and Hajongs of the Indian State of Arunachal Pradesh : A study of systematic repression, from SAHRDC
Naga Tribes of Manipur, from Webindia 123
R.G. Latham, The Ethnology of the British Colonies and Dependencies, 1851, GB ; search for Manipur
R.G. Latham, Ethnology of India, 1859, GB ; pp.82-83 on Manipur; text identical with pp.149-150 in vol.1 of R.G. Latham, Descriptive ethnology, 1859, GB
About Manipur, from Pan-Tribal Confederacy of Indigenous Tribal Nations, use with care, secessionist
T.C. Hodson, The Naga tribes of Manipur, 1911, IA
People of Meghalaya, from Webindia 123
P.R.T. Gurdon, The Khasis (n.d., c.1908), posted by Gutenberg Library Online
Article Mizo, from Wikipedia
People of Mizoram, from Webindia 123
Minorities at Risk - India, Mizo
The Old and the New Kuki of Cachar, the Lushai, pp.77-82 in R.G. Latham, Ethnology of India, 1859, GB; the same text pp.144-149 in R.G. Latham, Descriptive Ethnology, vol.1 : Eastern and northern Asia. Europe, 1859, GB
C.A. Soppitt, A Short Account of the Kuki-Lushai Tribes on the North-east Frontier, 1887, IA
J. Shakespear, The Lushei Kuki Clans, 1912, IA
Chittagong Hill Tracts : Indigenous People, from Parbatya Bouddha Mission, lists Lushai who immigrated from Lushai Hills Tract
R.G. Latham, The Ethnology of the British Colonies and Dependencies, 1851, GB ; search for Kuki
Article Naga, from Wikipedia
Nagaland Tribes, from North East India
Minorities at Risk - India, Nagas
R.G. Latham, The Ethnology of the British Colonies and Dependencies, 1851, GB ; search for Naga
People of Tripura, from Webindia 123
Minorities at Risk - India, Tripuras
J. Mipun, The Mishings (Miris) of Assam. Development of a New Lifestyle, n.d.
Religion General Article Religion in Arunachal Pradesh, from Wikipedia
The Manipuri Religion, by Ashim Singha
Religion in Manipur, from Webindia 123
History and Development of Manipuri Religion
Mizo Religion, from Wikipedia
Religion of Tripura, from Webindia 123
Old Assam : Religion
Shamanism K.K. Mishra, Workshop on Maibi Culture of Manipur, Report IGNCA 2007
Hinduism Temples of Tripura, from India Net Zone
E. Thompson, Suttee - A Historical and Philosophical Enquiry Into the Hindu Rite of Widow Burning, n.d., GB
India Pilgrimage, Arunachal Pradesh Temples, Assam Temples, Manipur Temples, Tripura Temples
C.W. Ernst, Being Careful with the Goddess : Yoginis in Persian and Arabic Texts, pp.189-203 in P. Chakravorty et al. (ed.), Performing Ecstasy. The Poetics and Politics of Religion in India, 2009 (on Kamarupa)
I. Chatterjee, Mapping Monastic Geographicity or Appeasing Ghosts of Monastic Subjects (on Saivism in Manipur) Yale, Agrarian Studies, Colloquium 24, 2011
J. Kuruvachira, The Hinduisation of the Tai-Ahoms
Old Assam, Sankardeva & Neo-Vaishnavism
K.K. Mishra, IGNCA's Workshop on Ramayana Tradition in Manipur, Report 2008
Islam The Assamese Muslims of India, from The Commission
Farooque Ahmad, Foundation of Manipuri Muslim History, posted on Manipur Online
Tracing Early Muslim Settlements in Manipur, by F. Ahmed
Catholic Chr. Catholic Hierarchy, from Archdiocese Shillong-Gauhati, Diocese of Agartala
Patron Saint Index : Diocese of Bongaigaon, Diocese of Itanagar, Diocese of Miao, Diocese of Agartala
Protestant Chr. G.R. Lewis, The Lushai Hills : a story of the Lushai pioneer mission, 1907, GB
History of Regions Historic Regions
Frontier
Historic State
Ahom Dynasty (1228-1826) Article Ahom Dynasty, from Wikipedia
W. White, A Political History of the Extraordinary Events which Led to the Burmese War, 1827, GB
A. Guha, The Ahom Political System : An Inquiry into the State Formation Process in Medieval Assam (1228-1714), Social Scientist 127 1983 pp.3-34, DSAL
Kachari Kingdom (13th C.-1854) Article : Kachari Kingdom, Wikipedia
Kamarupa (350-1140) Article : Kamarupa, Wikipedia
Kamata Kingdom (13th C.-1518) Article : Kamata Kingdom, Wikipedia
Koch/Koch Hajo (1518-1616) Article Koch Dynasty, Koch Hajo, from Wikipedia
Sutiya Kingdom (1187-1673) Article : Sutiya Kingdom, Wikipedia
Modern Province
Arunachal Pradesh Robert Boileau Pemberton, Report on the eastern frontier of British India , 1837, GB
History of Arunachal Pradesh, by Webindia 123, by Governor of Arunachal Pradesh, from Indian Culture; from Wikipedia
Book Summary : M.L. Bose, History of Arunachal Pradesh, 1997, posted by Vedams Books
Article : North-East Frontier Agency, from Wikipedia
Assam Assam, India Net Zone; Assam, Wikipedia
Assam State Portal
Assam, from Banglapedia
History of Assam, from Webindia 123, from Assam.org, from Assam Tourism, from Assamese Cyber Initiative, from Government of Assam, from RCILTS; from Wikipedia
Gait, Edward Albert, A history of Assam, 1906, SBB
Old Assam, History (subfiles)
Chittagong District
Manipur Farooq Ahmed, Periodization of Manipur History
History of Manipur, from Webindia 123, RCILTS; from Wikipedia
Review of Manisana Singh, A Short Constitutional History of Manipur 1891-1972, posted by e-pao
History of the Meiteis of Manipur, from The Manipur Page
History: Scripts Related to the History of Manipur, from The Manipur Page
Wangkhemcha Chingtamlen, A Short History of Kangleipak, a dissident view
Manipur's History of Struggle: Statehood and the Dubious Republic, from Manipur Page
Meghalaya History of Meghalaya, from Webindia 123, from RCILTS, Wikipedia
R. Burling, Where did the Question "Where did my Tribe Come from?" Come from ?, pp.49-62 in T. Huber et al., Origins and Migrations in the Eastern Himalayas, 2012
Mizoram History of Mizoram, from Webindia 123, from About Mizoram, from Mara Tech; from Wikipedia
Mizoram, from Insurgence to Resurgence, from Manipur Online
Nagaland History of Nagaland, from Naga Realm; from Wikipedia
Nagaland History Summary, from Bookrags
Sylhet District A. Hossein, Historical globalization and its effects: a study of Sylhet and its people, 1874-1971 , thesis Nottingham 2011
D. Ludden, Political maps and cultural territories. The earliest boundary between India and Bangladesh separated peoples of the hills and plains (on Sylhet), Himal South Asian 2003
Tripura from Global Security, from South Tripura District, from Webindia 123, from RCILTS, by Christopher Buyers, by Sri Jagadis Gan-Chaudhuri
Local History General History of Guwahati, from Wikipedia
Institutions Structurae : Arunachal Pradesh
Structurae : Assam
R. Sinha, The origin and evolution of the Naamghar Institution and its Contribution to the Culture of Assam A.D. 1500-1900, thesis SNDT Womens Univ. 2011
Culture General E.R. Leach, Cultural change, with special reference to the hill tribes of Burma and Assam, thesis LSE 1947
Manipuri Dance
Thingnam Kishan Singh, Manipuri Literature in History
Indigenous Games and sports of Manipur
Brief History of the All Manipur Football Association
History of Polo in Imphal, from Indian Polo
Religious Art
Textile Art
Other
Biographies
Environmental History General, Links A.F. Michael, Environment and history: a study of the interface of ecology and culture in the Brahmaputra valley during the during the pre-Ahom period, thesis Jawaharlal Nehru Univ. 2013
India Environment Portal
Climate Zones Köppen Climate Classification (Wikipedia Article), CWa = Humid Subtropical Climate, Cwb = Subtropical Highland Climate, DWb = Humid Continental Climate
Ecoregions WWF Wildfinder
WWF : IM0105 Brahmaputra Valley Semi-Evergreen Rain Forests, IM0120 Lower Gangetic Plains Moist Deciduous Forests, IM0126 Meghalaya Subtropical Forests
Encyclopedia of Earth, Northeast India Pine Forests, Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rainforests
Land Use, Deforestation R. le Moine, The land use cover changes from 1992 to 2011 in Karbi Anglong, Assam, India, thesis Linköping 2012
Vedanti.com, Results of Deforestation in Assam
R. Mishra, Pull and Push factor of migration to forest - a case study of Sonitpur (Assam)
B.K. Talukdar, Status, trends and challenges of Forest Conservation in Assam, India 2003
M.K. Hazarika, Deforestation in Garo Hills and its impact, The Echo vol.1 no.4 2013
Specific Periods
Environmental Policy J. Bhattacharjee, Environmental activism in North East India: exploring environmental movements and action groups with special reference to Assam, thesis Jawaharlal Nehru Univ. 2013
Others
Historical Linguistics
Archaeology General The Digital Archaeological Record (tDAR)
Archaeological Survey of India. Circle reports [1881-1921] (bibliography of official reports)
ABIA South and Southeast Asian Art and Archaeology Index, Project at IGNCA, New Delhi; ABIA Website
by Region
Arunachal Pradesh IGNCA, Archaeological Sites in Arunachal Pradesh
Assam D.K. Medhi, Prehistory of Assam, Asian Perspectives, XXIX (1), 1990 pp.37-44
IGNCA, Archaeological Sites in Assam
Manipur IGNCA, Archaeological Sites in Manipur
IGNCA, Archaeological Sites in Meghalaya
IGNCA, Archaeological Sites in Mizoram
Nagaland A.K. Kanungo, Naga Ornaments and the Indian Ocean, Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association Bulletin 26 2006 pp.154-162
IGNCA, Archaeological Sites in Nagaland
Tripura IGNCA, Archaeological Sites in Tripura
Others Article McMahon Line, from Wikipedia
S.K. Chaudhuri, Colonial Expansion and Tribal Response : A Note on the Oral History of the Wanchos of Arunachal Pradesh, posted by SOAS
Why China Claims Arunachal Pradesh, from Rediff
Yuki Kawaguchi, Arunachal Pradesh Territorial Dispute between India and China ICE Case Studies 2005

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Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
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Lists of Statesmen World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), Indian States, scroll down
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : India, by State (Province), from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
Planning & Development Department, Assam
Population of Cities : India, Assam, from City Population
Documents Historical Newspapers The Lushai Chief Niccola, in vol.12 of The Liberal and the New Dispensation, 1803, GB
The Lushai Hills, The Glasgow Herald - Oct 28, 1947, Google News Archive
Online Yearbooks Government of India, Planning Commission, State Development Reports
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
Old Indian Photos : Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Tripura
Films Colonial Film : India
Archival Deposits National Archives, UK
Mundus, Gateway to Missionary Collections in the UK
Duke Univ. Libraries, Rubenstein Library, Guide to the South Asian Pamphlets Collection 1920-2005
Inscriptions
Oral History
Treaties A Collection of Treaties, Engagements, and Sunnuds, Relating to India and Neighbouring Countries, GB : The Treaties vol.1 : relating to Bengal, Burmah, and the Eastern Archipelago, 1862, (vol.3 not on Google Books, on May 25th 2010)
Consular Reports
Historiography Rajmala, the Royal Chronicle of 185 Kings of Tripuri People, from www.tripura.org.in
Document Surveys WHKMLA : Online Catalogues of Oriental Manuscripts, Codices, Early Printed Books
Manuscripts IGNCA, Manuscripts in India, catalogue
Document Collections Bulletins of the Campaign, compiled from the London Gazette, 1826, GB
Bulletins and other state intelligence 1824, 1825, 1826, GB
Manipur Merger Agreement, 1949, from A Tribute to Manipuri Religion
M. Maltesh, Th. Satyabati Devi, Buddhist Manuscripts of Arunachal Pradesh and Manuscripts of Manipur : Problematics of Restoration and Digitization
The Revolutionary People's Front : A National Liberation Movement of Manipur, 1995 ; tendentious, to be handled with caution
Documents, posted by Zomi Reunification Organisation
Individual Documents
DBQs Asia for Educators
Historical Maps Collections
Hindsight, Asia Maps : Eastern Hemisphere 550 B.C., 527 BC, 500 BC, 400 BC, 335 BC, 323 BC, 300 BC, 200 BC, 100 BC, 050 BC, 050 AD, 200 AD, 300 AD, 400 AD, 450 AD, 565 AD, 600 AD, 610 AD, 900 AD, 1000 AD, 1025 AD, 1100 AD, 1200 AD, 1300 AD, 1400 AD, 1500 AD, Asia 700 AD, 800 AD, by Thomas Lessman
Hindsight, South Asia J. de Salas Vara del Rey, Historical and Political Maps of India 1805-1995
Maps of Assam, from Maps of India, from Maps-India
Contemporary, South Asia India Maps, PCL, UTexas
Ian Poyntz, Historical Maps of India (Constable 1893)
Hindsight, Detail
Contemporary, Detail
Historical Secular
Encyclopedia Entries on Provinces/Regions Royaume d'Azem, p.209 in vol.21 of Encyclopedie Methodique, ou par Ordre de Matieres, 1783, in French, GB
Article Assam, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Articles Eastern Bengal and Assam, Assam, EB 1911, Classic Encyclopedia, IA-WM
on Cities/Subregions Article Tippera, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Articles Abor Hills, Aka Hills, Cherrapunji, Daphla, Gauhati, Garo Hills, Hill Tippera, Imphal, Khasi and Jaintia Hills, Lushai Hills, Mishmi, Manipur, Naga Hills, Shillong, EB 1911, Classic Encyclopedia, IA-WM
Religious
Economic
Geographical Entry : The Kingdom of Assam, pp.85-87, in : T.G. Smollett, The Present State of the World, vol.7 1768, posted on Google Books
The Kingdom of Assam (Asam), pp.740-767 in vol.2 of W. Hamilton, A geographical, statistical, and historical description of Hindostan and the Adjacent Countries, 1820, GB
Kingdom of Assam, pp.136-137 in vol.3 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, or, a Description of All the Parts of the World, 1822, GB
Assam, pp.297-298 in vol.1 of G.N. Wright, A New and Comprehensive Gazetteer, 1834, GB
Les Royaumes d'Asem et de Tipra, pp.339-340 in vol.7 of N.L. Dufresnoy, Methode pour etudier la geographie, 1768, in French, GB
Article Assam, Eastern Bengal and Assam, from Imperial Gazetteer of India (1909), posted by DSAL
Places/Subregions Munipoor, pp.765-767 in vol.2 of W. Hamilton, A geographical, statistical, and historical description of Hindostan and the Adjacent Countries, 1820, GB
Munipoor, p.140 in vol.3 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, or, a Description of All the Parts of the World, 1822, GB
Article : Munipoor, pp.260-261 in vol.2 of W. Hamilton, The East Indian Gazetteer, 1828, GB
Article Manipur, Article : Nagas, pp.274-275 in vol.2 of W. Hamilton, The East Indian Gazetteer, 1828, GB
Le Roiaume de Tipra, p.146 in vol.4 of J. Hübner, La geographie universelle, 1746, in French, GB
Entry : The Kingdom of Tipra, pp.87-88, in : T.G. Smoillett, The Present State of the World, vol.7 1768, GB
Article : Tipera, p.742 in vol.2 of J.E. Worcester, A geographical dictionary or universal gazetteer, ancient and modern, 1823, GB
Article Hill Tippera, from Imperial Gazetteer of India (1909), posted by DSAL
Article Abor Hills, Aka Hills, Assam, Cachar District, Cherra, Cherrapunji, Dafla Hills, Darrang District, Eastern Bengal and Assam, Garo Hills, Gauhati Subdivision, Goalpara District, Jaintia Parganas, Kamrup District, Khasi and Jaintia Hills, Khyrim, Lakhimpur District, Lushai Hills, Mishmi Hills, Miri Hills, Naga Hills, Nongkhlao, Nonglewai, Nongspung, Nongstoin, Nowgong District, Shillong Subdivision, Sibsagar District, Sylhet District from Imperial Gazetteer of India (1909), posted by DSAL
Ethnological Royaume d'Assam, pp.390-391 in X. Heuschling, Manual de statistique ethnographique universelle, 1847, in French, GB
The Indo-Chinese Aborigines pp.192-197 (among them the Lushai) in A.H. Keane, The World's Peoples: A Popular Account of Their Bodily & Mental Characters , 1908, GB
Historical Azem, p.736 in vol.2 of D. van Hoogstraten and M. Brouerius van Nidek, Groot algemeen woorden-boek, historisch, geographisch, genealogisch, en oordeelkundig, based on Moreri et al., 1725, in Dutch, GB
Azem, p.324 in vol.1 of J.Chr. Iselin, Neu-vermehrtes historisch- und geographisches allgemeines Lexicon, 1726, in German, GB
Azem, p.700 in L. Moreri, Le grand dictionaire historique, 1731, in French, GB
Azem, p.806 in L. Moreri, Le grand dictionaire historique, 1740, in French, GB
Acham, p.286 in vol.1 of Th. Salmon, Modern History or the Present State of All Nations, 1744, GB
De Ava, Asem, Tipra, Aracan y Pegu, pp.102-108 in vol.7 of P.M. Velarde, Geographia historica, 1752, in Spanish, GB
Royaume de Tipra, p.45 in J.J. Vaissette, Geographie historique, ecclesiastique et civile, 1755, in French, GB
The Kingdom of Tipra, pp.10-11 in vol.7 of The modern part of an universal history, 1759, GB
The Kingdom of Azem, pp.224-225 in vol.43 of The Modern Part of an Universal History, 1765, GB
Peuple de Tipra et d'Asem, pp.445-452 in vol.3 of F. de Marsy, Histoire moderne des Chinois, des Japonois, des Indiens .., 1765, in French, GB
Le Royaume de Tipra, p.441 in vol.2 of P.J.A. Roubaud, Histoire generale de l'Asie, de l'Afrique, de l'Amerique, 1770, in French, GB
The Kingdom of Assam, pp.116-119, The Kingdom of Tipra, pp.120-121 in vol.6 of The Modern Part of an Universal History, 1781, GB
Tour Guides Birmah : Assam, pp.245-251 in J. Conder, Birmah, Siam, and Anam, 1826, GB
Travelogues M.M.A.I. Rasel, The Seventeenth-century Dutch Travel Account and the Production of Knowledge on Asia, thesis Leiden 2012; on travelogue of F.J. van der Heiden who in 1661 suffered shipwreck, visited Bengal, Assam; travelogue published in 1675
J.D. Hooker, Himalayan Journals (1854, on Nepal, Sikkim, Bengal, Khasi Hills), posted by Gutenberg Library Online
Cooper, Thomas Thornville, The Mishmee Hills an account of a journey made in an attempt to penetrate Thibet from Assam to open new routes for commerce, 1873, SBB
J. Johnstone, My experiences in Manipur and the Naga Hills, 1896, IA
Resident Memoirs Barker, George M., A tea planter's life in Assam with seventy-five illustrations by the author, 1884, SBB
Flex, Oscar, Pflanzerleben in Indien kulturgeschichtliche Bilder aus Assam, 1873, SBB
E. Grimwood, My Three Years in Manipur and Escape from the Recent Mutiny , 1891, IA
Institutions Archives Libraries and Archives in South Asia Wiki
Assam State Archives, from Libraries and Archives in South Asia Wiki
Manipur State Archives
Meghalaya State Archives, from Department of Arts and Culture, Meghalaya
Musea Article Assam State Museum, from Wikipedia
Manipur State Museum, from Manipur, Jewel of India
Museums of Meghalaya, from North East India
State Museum (Williamson Sangma Museum), from Department of Arts and Culture, Meghalaya
Mizoram State Museum, from Maps of India
Nagaland State Museum, from North East India
Tripura Government Museum
Monuments Alphabetical List of Monuments - Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura
India Pilgrimage, Arunachal Pradesh Temples, Assam Temples, Manipur Temples, Tripura Temples
Monuments & Archaeological sites in the Kangla Fort Complex, from CIC Manipurt
Showcaves : Manipur, Meghalaya
Libraries Libraries and Archives in South Asia Wiki
Libraries in Assam, from Maps of India
A. Bhattacharya, Survey of libraries in Bangladesh, provinces of West Bengal, Assam and Tripura in India conducted by the CSAL - A Report, 2006
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms
Coins, Banknotes
Assam Coins of Independent Kingdoms : Assam, by Nupam Mahajan
Ahom Coins, posted on Igougo
Asam, pp.774-787 in vol.2 of W. Marsden, Numismata orientalia illustrata, 1825, GB
Manipur Manipur, pp.801-804 in vol.2 of W. Marsden, Numismata orientalia illustrata, 1825, GB
Tripura Article Tripura Coinage, from Banglapedia
Coins of Independent Kingdoms, from Nupam's Webpage on Indian Coins, scroll down for Tripura
Tripura, p.798 in vol.2 of W. Marsden, Numismata orientalia illustrata, 1825, GB

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND PRINT SOURCES
Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies
on NE South Asia Bibliography on Northeast India, from NE Portal
Assam Portal, A Selected Bibliography on Ahoms, A Selected Bibliography on Assamese Language and Literature
J. Kalita, A Bibliography on Assam and the Assamese 1997, (Selected)
J. Kalita, A Bibliography on the History of Assam (Selected)
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ISBN Database
Indcat, Online Uinion Catalogue of Indian Universities, from INFLIBNET, click Union Database
D. Ludden, Bibliography on South Asian Agrarian History (c.1990)
Sacred Groves of India - an Annotated Bibliography, by Malhotra / Gokhale / Das
on Religions
Online Libraries Gutenberg Library Online, Internet Archive
Persee (French search engine)
Digital Library of India
History of India Digital Library
Digital South Asia Library, Univ. of Chicago
Digitial Library of Indian History Books, from Indic Studies
Bangladesh Parliament Digital Library
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Shodhganga
Dissertation Reviews : Inner/Central Asia + Tibetan-Himalayan
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General Listings Directory of Open Access Journals
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Ancient Asia, Journal of the Society of South Asian Archaeology
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General Accounts Edward Gait, A History of Assam, (1926) Guwahati : LBS 1983 [G]
Specific Topics Rajen Saikia, Social and Economic History of Assam 1853-1921, Delhi : Manohar 2000 [G]
Archana Chakravarty, History of Education in Assam 1826-1919, Delhi : Mittal 1989 [G]
M.L. Bose, Social History of Assam, New Delhi : Concept 1989 [G]
Rajen Saikia, Social and Economic History of Assam 1853-1921, Delhi : Manohar 2000 [G]
Edna Fernandes, Holy Warriors. A Journey into the Heart of Indian Fundamentalism, NY : Penguin 2006, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 294 F353h; on Nagaland pp.159-188
Historical Dictionaries
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Historical Atlasses C. Collin Davies, An Historical Atlas of the Indian Peninsula, Oxford : UP, 2nd edition, 1959 [G]
Historical and Cultural Maps, National Atlas of India Vol.8, published by National Atlas & Thematic Mapping Organisation, Calcutta 1983, edited by G.K . Dutt, S.K. Biswas [G]
J.E. Schwartzberg, A Historical Atlas of South Asia, Chicago : UP 1978 [G]