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Malacca Macau
First posted on May 24th 2002, last revised on May 21st 2010

For the history until 1752, see The Portuguese Indian Empire 1505-1752
In 1661 King Charles II. of
England married Constance of Bragança, Princess of Portugal. This marriage established Englands "oldest alliance" and, for the Portuguese colonies in Asia, provided security against attacks from the V.O.C.
Portugal was able to hold on to the remainder of its colonial Empire in Asia, mainly Goa, Daman, Diu, Macau.
In 1961, forces of the Republic of India occupied the remaining Portuguese outposts on the Indian subcontinent, and India annexed them in spite of Portuguese protests. Goa, Daman and Diu became an Indian Territory; Dadra and Nagar Haveli already had become one in 1954. In 1987 the State of Goa (within the Republic of India) was established, leaving the Territory of Daman and Diu.
Portugal held on to Portuguese Timor until 1974 (to Indonesia), to Macau until 1997 (to PR China).

Historical Atlas, South Asia Page

Students' Paper : Cheong Purun, Goa and East Timor : A comparison of the history of two former Portuguese colonies (KMLA, Fall 2006)

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Country Profiles Current from Wikipedia
The Portuguese in India: Goa, "Rainha do Oriente" , Northern Province, Malabar, Bay of Bengal by Marco Ramerini
Historical Manuel de Faria e Sousa, Asia portuguesa, vol.1, 1666, vol.2, 1674, vol.3, 1675, in Portuguese, GB
India, vol.2 of J. Howson, European Colonies, in Various Parts of the World : Viewed in their Social, Moral and Phusical Condition, 1834, GB ; much attention spent on Goa
Manuel Gomes, Duas palavras sobre a India Portugueza, 1848, in Portuguese, GB
G.A. Pery, Geographia e estatistica geral de Portugal e colonias, com um atlas (1875) in Portuguese, posted on Internet Archive
Organizations on Asian History TANAP
International Association of Historians of Asia (IAHA)
Goa Heritage Action Group
Xavier Centre of Historical Research, Goa
Accounts of History General, Current Portuguese History in India, from saudade.com
Goan History, from goacom; from Morning India
from Wikipedia
The Portuguese in India: Goa, "Rainha do Oriente" , Northern Province, Malabar, Bay of Bengal by Marco Ramerini
General, Historic Joseph François Lafitau O.S.J., Histoire des decouvertes et conquestes des Portugais dans le nouveau monde vol.1, vol.2, 1733, in French, GB
Discoveries, Wars and Conquests of the Portuguese in the East Indies, pp.1-228 in vol.1 of Abbe Raynal, A Philosophical and Political History of the Settlements and Trade of the Europeans in the East and West Indies, 1788, GB
Fernao Lopes de Castanheda, Historia do descobrimento e conqvista da India pelos Portvgveses, vol.1, 1833, vol.2, 1833, vol.3, 1833, vol.4, 1833, vol.5, 1833, vol.6, 1833, vol.7, 1833, vol.8, 1833, in Portuguese, GB
Manoel Jose Gomes Loureiro, Memorias dos estabelecimentos Portuguezes a l'Este do Cabo da Boa Esperança, 1835, in Portuguese, GB
A.J.D. d'Orsey, Portuguese discoveries, dependencies and missions in Asia and Africa (1893), posted on Internet Archive
Fr.Ch. Danvers, The Portuguese In India, being a History of the Rise and Decline of their Eastern Empire, vol.1, vol.2, 1894, posted on Internet Archive
Leopold Contzen, Goa im Wandel der Jahrhunderte. Beitrag zur Portugiesischen Kolonialgeschichte (Goa through the Centuries. Contribution to Portuguese Colonial History) (1902), online book in German, posted by Univ. Köln, Digitale Texte der Bibliothek des Seminars für Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte
Specific Periods R.St. Whiteway, The Rise of Portuguese Power in India, 1497-1550 (1899), Internet Archive
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : India, has paragraph on Portuguese India
Articles Portuguese Indian Escudo, Portuguese Indian Rupia, from Wikipedia
Ethnography Foreign Possessions in India : Portuguese Possessions, pp.498-499 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : India, from Kirken i Norge
Romiel Daniel, Portuguese History in India; brief account on Portuguese-Jewish Relations, posted by Saudades
Jewish Virtual History Tour : India
Goa Inquisition, from Wikipedia
Patron Saint Index : Archdiocese of Goa and Damao
Fr.Br. Wright, A history of religious persecutions, from the Apostolic age to the present time, and of the inquisition of Spain, Portugal, and Goa (1816), posted on Internet Archive
Ch. Dellon, Dellon's account of the Inquisition at Goa: translated from the French 1812, GB
The Inquisition of Goa, pp.282-296 in A. Gavin, A Master-Key to Popery, 1812, GB
The Romish Christians in India, pp.92-114 in Cl. Buchanan, The works of the Rev. Claudius Buchanan, 1812, GB
J. Hough, The history of Christianity in India, vol.1, 1839, vol.2, 1839, GB
Francisco de Sousa O.S.J., Oriente conquistado a Jesu Christo pelos padres da Companhia de Jesu da Provincia de Goa, vol.2, 1710, in Portuguese, GB
Local History see under General Accounts, Encyclopedia Entries
Article History of Goa, from Wikipedia
B.H. Baden-Powell, The villages of Goa in the early sixteenth century (1900), posted on Internet Archive
J.N. da Fonseca, An historical and archaeological sketch of the city of Goa, preceded by a short statistical account of the territory of Goa (1878), posted on Internet Archive
A.E. d'Almeida-Azevedo, > As communidades de Goa: historia das instituiçoes antigas (1890) in Portuguese, posted on Internet Archive
Denis Louis Cottineau de Kloguen, An historical sketch of Goa, the metropolis of the Portuguese settlements in India, 1831, GB
Institutions Goa Inquisition, from Wikipedia
Others J. de Castro, Roteiro de Lisboa a Goa (1892) in Portuguese, posted on Internet Archive
W.J. Mickle, The Lusiad ; or the Discovery of India, an Epic Poem translated from the Portuguese of Luis de Camoes (1877), posted on Internet Archive

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), scroll down; from Rulers (B. Schemmel), scroll down
from Indian States, from World Statesmen, see for Goa, Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli (statesmen since 1962)
Population Figures Population of the Portuguese Settlements in India, by Marco Ramerini; India : historical demographical data of the administrative divisions, from Population Statistics, UUtrecht; look for Goa; Union Territories Daman and Diu; Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Documents Historical Newspapers Kranten Historisch [historical newspapers]
Search Papers Past for Portuguese India (Collection of New Zealand Newspapers 1839-1920)
Life Magazine, 1936-1972, Search for "Goa", search all issues; 69 Goa entries articles, GB
Image Databanks Historic Picture Postcards, from Postcardman, commercial site
Photos of Goa, by Peter Langer
Archival Deposits
Constitutions, Laws
Treaties Biker, J.F.J., Collecçao de tratados e concertos de pazes que o estado da India Portugueza fez com os reis e senhores com quem teve relaçoes nas partes da Asia e Africa Oriental desde o principio da conquista ate ao fim do secolo XVIII. Lisboa, Imprensa Nacional, vol.1 1881, covering 1507-1643, posted on Internet Archive; vol.2 1882, covering 1604-1719, posted on Internet Archive; vol.3 1883, covering 1661-1739, posted on Internet Archive; vol.4 1884, covering 1510-1699, posted on Internet Archive; Vol.5 1885, covering 1606-1717, posted on Internet Archive; vol.6 1885, covering 1708-1750, posted on Internet Archive; vol.7 1885, covering 1753-1762, posted on Internet Archive; vol.8 1885. covering 1762-1794, posted by Internet Archive; vol.9 1885, covering 1790-1798, posted on Internet Archive; vol.10 1885, covering 1725-1840, posted on Internet Archive; vol.11 1886, covering 1799-1839, posted on Internet Archive; vol.12 1886, covering 1746-1851, posted on Internet Archive; vol.13 1887, covering 1719-1885, posted on Internet Archive
Document Collections Joao Baptista Lavanha, Da Asia de Joao de Barros e de Diogo de Couto, vol.1 : Nova Edicao offerecida a Sua Magestade D. Maria I. Rainha Fidelissima , 1778 ; Da Asia de Diogo de Couto. Dos Feitos, que os Portugueses Fizeram na Conquista, e Descubrimento das Terras, e Mares do Oriente. vol.2 : Decada Primeira. Parte Segunda, 1777 ; vol.3 : Decada Segunda. Parte Primeira, 1777 ; vol.4 : Decada Segunda. Parte Segunda, 1777 ; vol.5 : Decada Terceira. Parte Primeira, 1777 ; vol.6 : Decada Terceira. Parte Segunda, 1777 ; vol.7 : Decada Quarta. Parte Primeira, 1777 ; vol.8 : Decada Quarta. Parte Segunda, 1777 ; vol.9 : Vida de Joao de Barros por Manoel Severim de Faria e Indice Geral das Quatro Decadas de sua Asia, 1778 ; Da Asia de Diogo de Couto. Dos Feitos, que os Portugueses Fizeram na Conquista, e Descubrimento das Terras, e Mares do Oriente. vol.10 : Decada Quarta. Parte Primeira, 1778 ; vol.11 : Decada Quarta. Parte Segunda, 1778 ; vol.12 : Decada Quinta. Parte Primeira, 1779 ; vol.13 : Decada Quinta. Parte Segunda, 1780 ; vol.14 : Decada Sexta. Parte Primeira, 1781 ; vol.15 : Decada Sexta. Parte Secunda, 1781 ; vol.16 : Decada Setima. Parte Primeira, 1782 ; vol.17 : Decada Setima. Parte Segunda, 1783 ; vol.18 : Decada Oitava., 1786 ; vol.19 : Decada Nona., 1786 ; vol.20 : . Decada Decima. Parte Primeira., 1788 ; vol.21 : Decada Decima. Parte Segunda., 1788 ; vol.22 : Decada Undecima da Asia. Dos Feitos, que os Portugueses Fizeram no Descubrimento dos Mares, e Conquistas das Terras do Oriente, Em Quanto Governaram a India, Manoel de Sousa Coutinho e Mathias de Alboquerque, supprindo a que falta de Diogo de Couto, Chronista, e Guarda Mor da Torre do Tombo do Estado da India, 1788 ; Da Asia de Diogo de Couto. Dos Feitos, que os Portugueses Fizeram na Conquista, e Descubrimento das Terras, e Mares do Oriente. vol.23 : Decada Duodecima, 1788, in Portuguese, GB
Bosquejo das possessoes Portuguezas no Oriente, ou : Resumo de algumas derrotas da India e da China, Vol.1, 1851, Vol.3, 1851, posted on Internet Archive
Supplementary Despatches, Correspondence, and Memoranda of Field Marshal Arthur Duke of Wellesley, vol.1 : India 1797-1805, 1858, vol.2 : India 1797-1805, 1858, vol.3 : India 1797-1805, 1859, vol.4 : India 1797-1805, 1859, GB ; numerous Goa references
Historical Maps City Panoramas 1750, from Historic Maps, Goa
Maps Bellin : Goa 1750, Diu 1746, posted by FWP
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Article Goa, Diu, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article Goa, Diu, from EB 1911
Religious Article India (has brief passage on Portuguese India); Archdiocesis of Goa, from Catholic Encyclopedia (1907)
Article India, from Jewish Encyclopedia (of 1901)
Ostindien, pp.677-696 in vol.2 of C.Fr. Staeudlin, Kirchliche Geographie u. Statistik, 1804, in German, GB
Economic Goa, p.124, in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
Entry : Goa, pp.691-694 in : J.F. Lange et al., Übersicht und Berechnung aller Münzen, Ellenmaasse und Handelsgewichte von allen Welttheilen, 1804, in German, GB
Goa, pp.297-311 in vol.1 of W. Milburn, Oriental Commerce 1813, GB
East Indies : Goa, p.106 in vol.1 of P. Kelly, The Universal Cambist, and Commercial Instructor, 1821, Gb
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Malabar : Goa, posted by DTBSWS
Goa, p.528 in J. Blunt, The Shipmaster's Assistant, and Commercial Digest, 1837, GB
India, Portuguese, p.384 in W. Waterston, A Cyclopaedia of Commerce, Mercantile Law, Finance, Commercial Geography, 1846, GB
Geographical Goa, pp.171-172 in C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, or, a Description of all the Parts of the World, 1822, GB
Goa, pp.263-264 in vol.3 of G.N. Wright, A New and Comprehensive Gazetteer, 1836, GB
Article Goa Settlement, Diu, Portuguese Possessions, Daman, from Imperial Gazetteer of India, posted by DSAL
Hindoostan, Portuguese Possessions, p.376 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues J. Fryer, A new account of East-India and Persia, in eight letters: being nine years Travels, begun 1672, finished 1681, 1698, GB
Ch. Dellon, Nouvelle relation d'un voyage fait aux Indes Orientales, 1699, in French, GB
D. Bartoli, Missione al Gran Mogor del P. Ridolfo Aqvaviva della Compagnia di Gesu , 1714, in Italian, GB
An Account of Goa, pp.249-261 in voil.1 of A. Hamilton, A new account of the East Indies, 1744, GB
R.F. Burton, Goa, and the Blue Mountains : or, Six Months of Sick Leave, 1851, GB
Institutions Archives Goa Departmrent of Archives and Archaeology; Arquivos de Goa, by Fernanda de Camargo-Moro; Archives of Goa, from e-corpus
Arquivo Nacional da Torre do Tombo (Portuguese National Archives, Lisbon)
Musea Goa State Museum
Monuments Historical Monuments in Goa, from Goa Online
Libraries Goa Central Library
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW
Coins, Banknotes Colonial Coins of India : Portuguese India; from Zeno
Banknotes of Portuguese India, from tomchao.com, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money, from The Indian Currency Collection, from cgb (French language site)
Search Coin Archives for Portuguese India
Stamps Portuguese India Stamps 1871-1914, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on India, Goa Indcat, Online Uinion Catalogue of Indian Universities, from INFLIBNET, click Union Database
A.C. Burnell, A Tentative List of Books and Some Mss. Relating to the History of the Portuguese in India Proper (1880), posted on Internet Archive
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
on India Digital Library of India
History of India Digital Library
Biblioteca Nacional Digital, from Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal
Biblioteca Digital, Memorias de Africa e do Oriente
Online Journals Guides Electronic Journals Online
General Accounts M.N. Pearson, The Portuguese in India, Cambridge : UP 1987 [G]
Specific Topics Charles J. Borges, The Economics of the Goa Jesuits, New Delhi : Concept Publishing 1994 [G]
P.P. Shirodkar, Goa's Struggle For Freedom, New Delhi : Ajanta 1988 [G]
Denis L. Cottineau de Kloguen, An Historical Sketch of Goa, (1831) Reprint of Reprint of 1910, New Delhi : Asian Educational Services 1995 [G]; here online edition from Internet Archive
Om Prakash, European Commercial Enterprise in Pre-Colonial India, The New Cambridge History of India, Cambridge : UP 1998
A.K. Priolkar, The Terrible Tribunal for the East : The Goa Inquisition, New Delhi : Voice of Delhi 1961 [G]
P.S. Varde, History of Education in Goa from 1510 to the Present Day, Panaji : Goa Vidya Pratishthan 1977 [G]
Gaspar Correa, The Three Voyages of Vasco da Gama & His Viceroyalty (Hakluyt 1869) Elibron Classics 2005, KMLA Lib. all Sign 915.4 C824t
Historical Atlasses C. Collin Davies, An Historical Atlas of the Indian Peninsula, Oxford : UP, 2nd edition, 1959 [G]
Historical and Cultural Maps, National Atlas of India Vol.8, published by National Atlas & Thematic Mapping Organisation, Calcutta 1983, edited by G.K . Dutt, S.K. Biswas [G]
J.E. Schwartzberg, A Historical Atlas of South Asia, Chicago : UP 1978 [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Yearbook Entries Britannica Book of the Year Portuguese Colonial Empire, 1945 pp.560-561, 1948 p.600, 1950 p.558, 1951 p.565, Portuguese Overseas Territories, 1952 p.567, 1953 p.575, 1954 pp.574-575, 1955 pp.623-624, 1956 pp.561-562, 1957 pp.624-625, 1958 pp.557-559, 1959 pp.556-557, 1960 pp.557-558, 1961 pp.569-570, 1962 pp.558-561 [G]
Statesman's Year-Book Portugal : Dependencies, 1895 pp.841-843, 1898 pp.839-842, 1901 pp.938-942, 1905 pp.1019-1023, 1910 pp.1117-1118, 1918 p.1185, Portugal : Goa, 1919 p.1163, 1924 p.1220, 1926 p.1190, Portuguese India, 1925 p.1228, 1928 p.1228, 1929 p.1205, 1932 p.1224, 1937 p.1256. Portugal - Portuguese India, 1943 p.1203 [G]
(New) Int'l Yearbook Portuguese India, 1907 p.648, India, Portuguese, 1935 p.321; Portuguese India 1938 p.616; 1939 p.635, 1942 p.559, 1943 pp.500-501, 1944 p.489, 1952 p.332, 1961 p.268 [G]
Americana Annual Portuguese Colonial Empire - Portuguese India, 1945 p.591, 1946 pp.613-614, Portuguese Colonial Empire, 1947 pp.576-577, Portuguese Territories - Portuguese India, 1957 pp.637-638, 1961 pp.604-605, Portuguese Territories, 1962 pp.610-612; United Nations - Goa 1962 p.788 [G]
Other Article : Portuguese India, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1935 pp.444-445, 1936 p.415, 1937 p.418, 1938 p.422 [G]

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