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V.O.C. East India Company
First posted on November 22nd 2009








Until 1752, Portuguese India included all Portuguese territories east of the Cape of Good Hope. These included capital Goa (1510-1961), Ambon (Moluccas, 1513/1580-1605), Bahrain (1521-1602), Bassein (1534-1739), Ceylon (1505-1658), Hormuz (1515-1622), Macau (1557-1997), Malacca (1511-1641), Moçambique (c. 1510-1974), Mombasa (1528-1698), Muscat (1505-1650), Nagapattinam (1554-1657) (list not complete).
Portugal claimed to "own the Ocean". The Portuguese regarded themselves crusaders, carrying the struggle with Islam into the Indian Ocean. While Portugal established control over certain trade centers, established a Portuguese trade network in the Indian Ocean, it also tried to destroy other centers of trade : the Portuguese sacked Surat in 1512 and 1530, Thatta (Sindh) in 1565.
The Portuguese actively promoted Catholicism in the countries they traded with, with some success in India, Ceylon, Macau, Timor, and temporarily in Malacca, Siam and China. Attempts to proselytize in Burma and Vietnam were at least undertaken.
The economy of Portuguese India was mainly based on trade; before the arrival of the Dutch, the Portuguese in Europe held a significant share in the import of overseas products such as spices, chinaware, tea, Asian textiles (Indian trade through Alexandria with Venice continued). Of significant importance was entrepot trade, for instance the Portuguese hold of the trade between China and Japan. Often overlooked is the Portuguese Indian Ocean slave trade.
The arrival of the Dutch (see V.O.C. spelled disaster for Portuguese India. The Moluccas, Malacca, Ceylon, most of its positions in Bengal, Coromandel and Malabar were lost to the Dutch, as was the lucrative China-Japan entrepot trade. Bahrain and Hormuz were lost to Persia, Muscat and the northern Swahili Coast (Mombasa) to Oman. Goa barely held out against several Dutch blockades.
In 1628, the Portuguese East India Company was established.
The marriage of Charles II. of England with Catherine of Bragança in 1661 cost Portuguese India Bombay, which was part of Catherine's dowry and would become the first stronghold of the E.I.C. in India. But it also constituted the Anglo-Portuguese Alliance, which protected the remainder of Portuguese India from further V.O.C. attacks. At the close of the 17th century the northwen Swahili Coast was lost to Oman, in 1739 Bassein to the Marathas.

For the history after 1670, see Portuguese India (- 1961), Portuguese Timor (- 1975), Macau (- 1997)








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DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Profiles Current Articles Portuguese Empire, Portuguese East India Company, Evolution of the Portuguese Empire, from Wikipedia
Article : Imperio Portugues, from Wikipedia Portuguese edition
Historical Manuel de Faria e Sousa, Asia Portuguesa, vol.1, 1666, vol.2, 1674, vol.3, 1675, in Portuguese, GB
Links Categoria : Imperio Portugues, from Wikipedia Portuguese edition; Category : Portuguese Empire, from Wikipedia
Dutch Portuguese Colonial History by Marco Ramerini
Organizations TANAP
International Association of Historians of Asia (IAHA)
Goa Heritage Action Group
Xavier Centre of Historical Research, Goa
Historical Dictionaries
Timelines on the Portuguese Empire in Asia Chronology of Portuguese Possessions : Asia : Southeast and East 1511-1800, from Colonial Voyage (Marco Ramerini)
Timelines related to the Portuguese Empire in Asia Timeline of Indonesian History, from Serajah Indonesia , 11 sub-timelines, illustrated, very detailed
Timeline, from Network Indonesia
Accounts of History on the Portuguese Empire in Asia Article : Portuguese India, from Wikipedia
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en van de Portugezen Overzee [History of Portugal and of the Portuguese Overseas], in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
R.St. Whiteway, The Rise of Portuguese Power in India, 1497-1550 (1899), Internet Archive
Fernao Lopes de Castanheda, Historia do descobrimento e conqvista da India pelos Portvgveses, vol.1, 1833, vol.2, 1833, vol.3, 1833, vol.4, 1833, vol.5, 1833, vol.6, 1833, vol.7, 1833, vol.8, 1833, in Portuguese, GB
Fr.Ch. Danvers, The Portuguese In India Being A History Of The Rise And Decline Of Their Eastern Empire, vol.1, vol.2, 1894, posted on Internet Archive
Giovanni Pietro Maffei O.S.J., Le istorie delle Indie Orientali, vol.1, vol.3, 1806, Tuscan trsl. of Latin or., GB
related to the Portuguese Empire in Asia European Domination of Indian Ocean Trade, from South Asian History
Specific Periods Article : Treaty of Zaragoza (1529), from Wikipedia
A.J.D. d'Orsey, Portuguese discoveries, dependencies and missions in Asia and Africa (1893), posted on Internet Archive
W.J. Mickle, The Lusiad ; or the Discovery of India, an Epic Poem translated from the Portuguese of Luis de Camoes (1877), posted on Internet Archive
Administration Article Portuguese India, from Wikipedia
Article Estado Portuguesa da India, from Wikipedia Portuguese Edition
Lista de governadores da India Portuguesa, from Wikipedia Portuguese Edition
D. Couto, The Role of Interpreters, or Linguas, in the Portuguese Empire during the 16th Century, e-JPH, Vol. 1, number 2, Winter 2003, Sejarah Melayu Library
Military V.O.C. Warfare. Chain of Command; The military system of the Dutch East India Company 1655 - 1663
Ernst van Veen, VOC Strategies in the Far East 1605-1640, BPJS 2001
Articles Military History of Portugal : Imperial Expansion, Battle of Diu (1509), from Wikipedia
Category : Military History of Portugal, from Wikipedia
Categoria : Historia militar de Portugal, from Wikipedia Portuguese Edition
Article : Historia militar de Portugal : Era dos Descobrimentos, from Wikipedia Portuguese Edition
Economy & Finances General Article : Economic History of Portugal : Expansion in Asia, from Wikipedia
Article : Casa da India, from Wikipedia; dito, from Wikipedia Portuguese Edition
Article : Feitoria : Feitorias Portuguesas, from Wikipedia Portuguese Edition
U.M. Bala, The society and economy of Goa in the sixteenth century, thesis Pondicherry 1994
Metals
Money & Finances Article Portuguese Indian Rupia, from Wikipedia
Portuguese Coins in India, from India Net Zone
Porcelain Portugal in Porcelain from China, 500 Years of Trade, advertisement for 5 volume publication
Spices Article : Spice Trade : the New World, Black Pepper : Postclassical Europe, Clove : History, Cinnamon : History, from Wikipedia
Clifford A. Wright, Gastronomica : The Medieval Spice Trade and the Diffusion of the Chile, has a chapter on the Portuguese Spice Trade
Slave Trade Hugo C. Cardoso, African Slave Population of Portuguese India : Demographics and Impact on Indo-Portuguese
Teotonio R. de Souza, Manumission of Slaves in Goa during 1680 to 1760 as found in Codex 860 2006
Stimulants Article Tea : Tea Spreads to the World, from Wikipedia
Article Cha : Historia, from Wikipedia
Textiles Om Prakash, India and the Indian Ocean in Textile Trade, GEHN 2005; Anthony Reid, Southeast Asian Consumption of Indian and British Cloth 1600-1850, GEHN 2005
Natalie Mault, From Patola to Paisley : How Colonization Led to Changes within Textile Designs, 2004 draft
Giorgio Riello and Tirthankar Roy, How India Clothed the World : the World of South Asian Textiles 1500-1850, synopsis of forthcoming book 2008
Indian Textiles : Trade and Production, from Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
Religion Surachai Chumsriphan, A Brief History of the Catholic Church in Thailand 2002
Portuguese Missionariues and their Influence on Vietnamese, from cjvlang
Quilon Diocese
Article Archdiocesis of Goa, from Catholic Encyclopedia (1907)
Goa Inquisition, from Wikipedia
Patron Saint Index : Archdiocese of Goa and Damao
Beyond Churches and Arches - Goa, from India Profile
Berchmans Kodackal, European Missionaries and the Latin Church in India
Article : Roman Catholicism in India : Arrival of the Portuguese, Roman Catholic Diocese of Macau, Roman Catholicism in Malaysia, Roman Catholicism in Sri Lanka : Modern History, Roman Catholicism in Thailand : History, Roman Catholicism in Vietnam : History, from Wikipedia
Fr.Br. Wright, A history of religious persecutions, from the Apostolic age to the present time, and of the inquisition of Spain, Portugal, and Goa (1816), posted on Internet Archive
Ethnography Article Portuguese-Based Creole Languages, Burgher People [Ceylon], from Wikipedia
History of Regions general
Ceylon Article Portuguese Period in Ceylon, Portuguese Conquest of Jaffna Kingdom, from Wikipedia
Lista de governadores portugueses do Ceilao, from Wikipedia Portuguese Edition
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en van de Portugezen overzee, Deel 4, chapter 2 subch.6 : Dom Francisco de Almeida in Indi? (1505-15¡©07); de ontdekking van Ceylon (1505), Deel 6 chapter 7 subch.2 : Ceylon, Deel 10 chapter 3 subch.5 : Ceylon, Deel 12 chapter 1 : De Portugese bemoeienissen met Ceylon, in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
P.E. Pieris, Ceylon and the Portuguese, 1505-1658 (1920), IA
Goa The Portuguese in India: Goa, "Rainha do Oriente", by Marco Ramerini
Article Goa, from EB 1911
Article Goa Settlement, from Imperial Gazetteer of India, posted by DSAL
Article : History of Goa, from Wikipedia
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en van de Portugezen overzee, Deel 5, chapter 2 subch.4 : De verovering en het verlies van Goa (1510)., Deel 5 chapter 2 subch.5 : De definitieve verovering van Goa., Deel 5 chapter 5 subch.3 : Het ontzet van Goa., in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
Leopold Contzen, Goa im Wandel der Jahrhunderte. Beitrag zur Portugiesischen Kolonialgeschichte (Goa through the Centuries. Contribution to Portuguese Colonial History) (1902), online book in German, posted by Univ. Köln, Digitale Texte der Bibliothek des Seminars für Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte
J.N. da Fonseca, An historical and archaeological sketch of the city of Goa, preceded by a short statistical account of the territory of Goa (1878), posted on Internet Archive
J. de Castro, Roteiro de Lisboa a Goa (1892) in Portuguese, IA
B.H. Baden-Powell, The villages of Goa in the early sixteenth century (1900), posted on Internet Archive
A.E. d'Almeida-Azevedo, As communidades de Goa: historia das instituiçoes antigas (1890) in Portuguese, posted on Internet Archive
Malabar The Portuguese in Cochin, from Colonial Voyage (Marco Ramerini)
Article : Kozhikode : History [Calicut], Malabar Coast, Mangalore : Medieval History, Kannur [Cannanore], Kollam : History [Quilon], Kochi, India [Cochin], from Wikipedia
Kannur - Land of Looms and Lores : History [Cannanore], from Lathish on the Net
The Portuguese in India : Malabar, by Marco Ramerini
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en van de Portugezen overzee, Deel 4 chapter 1 subch.3 : Aankomst en verblijf in Malabar [da Gama], Deel 4 chapter 1 subch.4 : Vertrek uit Cochin; aankomst in Lissabon, Deel 4 chapter 1 subch.5 : Oorlog met Calicut, Deel 5 chapter 2 subch.3 : Toenadering tot Vijayanagar; tegenslag in Calicut., Deel 5, chapter 5 subch.1 : Albuquerques schipbreuk; problemen in Malabar, Deel 5 chapter 6 subch.1 : Vrede met Calicut; andere ontwikkelingen in Malabar, Deel 5 chapter 6 subch.2 : De handel met Malabar., in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
Malacca Article : Portuguese Malacca, from Wikipedia
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en van de Portugezen overzee, Deel 5 chapter 2 subch.2 : De eerste Portugese expeditie naar Malacca., Deel 5 chapter 3 : Malacca, Deel 5 chapter 6 subch.4 : Opstand in en aanval op Malacca., Deel 6 chapter 7 subch.3 : Malacca, Deel 10 chapter 3 subch.2 : Malacca Deel 12, chapter 2 : Portugees Malacca (1538-1558), in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
Maldives, Laccadives Article : Hisatory of the Maldives : Portuguese, from Wikipedia
Myth of Portuguese Rule over the Maldives, from Maldives Royal Family
Naseema Mohamed, Maldivian Seafaring in the Pre-Portuguese Period
H.C.P. Bell, The Portuguese at the Maldives (1931), posted by Maldives Culture
Article : Lakshadweep : History, from Wikipedia
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en van de Portugezen overzee, Deel 6 chapter 7 subch.1 : De Malediven, in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
Moluccas Article : Maluku Islands : the Portuguese, Ambon Island : History, Banda Islands : the Portuguese, from Wikipedia
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en van de Portugezen Overzee. Deel 5, Chapter 4 : De Molukken en de Banda Eilanden. De Specerijen Eilanden in het Begin van de 16de Eeuw, De Specerijen Eilanden Bereikt, Deel 6, Chapter 4, Expansie van het Imperio Portugues 1515-1521 : subchapter 4, De Molukken en de Kleine Soenda Eilanden, Deel 3, Chapter 3 : De ontwikkeling in het Verre Oosten 1522-1536, De Molukken en de Kleine Soenda Eilanden, Deel 12 Chapter 6 : De Molukken onder Portugees Bestuur 1540-1558, posted on Colonial Voyage, in Dutch
L.F.F.R. Thomaz, Les Portugais dans les mers de l'Archipel au XVIe siecle, Archipel 18 1979 pp.105-125
Portuguese Trade with Arabia The Portuguese in the Arabia Peninsula and the Persian Gulf, from Colonial Voyage (Marco Ramerini)
The Coming of the Portuguese, from Saudi Aramco World
Article : Muscat : History, from Wikipedia
Article : Mascate : Historia, from Wikipedia Portuguese Edition
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en van de Portugezen overzee, Deel 4 chapter 3 subch.3 : Hoja (Angoche), Brava en Socotra (1507), Deel 4 chapter 3 subch.4 : De kust van Oman; de aanval op Ormoez (1507-1508), Deel 5 chapter 5 subch.5 : De expeditie naar Aden en de Rode Zee., Deel 6 chapter 6 subch.3 : Albergaria¡¯s mislukking in de Rode Zee., in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
Portuguese Trade with Arakan Stephan van Galen, The Changing Nature of the Seventeenth Century Slave Trade in Arakan and Eastern Bengal, Kaladan Press
Article Chittagong : History, from Wikipedia
Portuguese Trade with Bengal Article : The Portuguese, from Banglapedia
The Portuguese in India: Bay of Bengal by Marco Ramerini
Article Chittagong : History, from Wikipedia
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en van de Portugezen overzee, Deel 6 ch.7 subch.6 De Golf van Bengalen en de Coromandelkust, Deel 10 ch.3 subch.6 De Golf van Bengalen, Deel 11 chapter 3 subch.2 Bengalen, Deel 17 chapter 2 Portugese avonturiers in de Golf van Bengalen, in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
Portuguese Trade with Burma Article Felipe de Brito e Nicote, from Wikipedia Portuguese Edition
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en de Portugezen, Deel 12 Chapter 4 subch.0, De unificatie van Birma, in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
Portuguese Trade with Cambodia Article Dark Ages of Cambodia, from Wikipedia
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en de Portugezen, Deel 17 Chapter 3 subch.2, De expeditie van Veloso, Ruiz en Gallinato naar Cambodja, subch.3, Cambodja onder Spaans voogdij, subch.4, Hollanders in Cambodja, in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
Portuguese Trade with China Article : Economic History of China (Pre 1911) : Ming, Overseas Trade, Qing : Isolationist Trade Policy, from Wikipedia
Article Historia de Macau, from Wikipedia Portuguese Edition
Article History of Macau : Macau's Golden Age, from Wikipedia
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en van de Portugezen overzee, Deel 6 chapter 7 subch.8 China, Deel 6 chapter 4 Monniken en kooplieden in Centraal-Azië, Deel 10 Chapter 3 subch.1 De verstoorde relatie met China. , Deel 12 Chapter 3 De handelsrelaties met China , in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
Portuguese Trade with Coromandel Sanjay Subrahmanyam, Persians, Pilgrims and Portuguese : The Travails of Masulipatnam Shipping in the Western Indian Ocean, 1590-1665, 1988 essay accessible through jstor
Articles : Coromandel Coast, Negapatnam : History, History of Pulicat : Portuguese Trading Outpost, from Wikipedia
S. Mutiah, Portuguese on the Coromandel, The Hindu 17. 5. 2004
Coromandel Muslims, from Indian Muslims
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en van de Portugezen overzee, Deel 6 ch.7 subch.6 De Golf van Bengalen en de Coromandelkust, Deel 10 chapter 3 subch.8, De Coromandelkust, Deel 11 Chapter 3 subch.1 Coromandel, Deel 16 chapter 3 subch.5 Aanvullende opmerkingen over Portugese vestigingen Devanampattinam, Nagapattinam en Sao Tom? de Meliapor en over de missieactiviteiten in deze steden, in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
Portuguese Trade with Japan Portuguese in Japan, from Balagan
Article : Nanban Trade, from Wikipedia
Article : Periodo Nanban, from Wikipedia
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en van de Portugezen overzee, Deel 12 Chapter 5 Portugese kooplieden en missionarissen in Japan, in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
Portuguese Trade with Java, Sumatra Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en van de Portugezen overzee, Deel 6 chapter 7 subch.5 : Sumatra Deel 10, chapter 3, subch.0 : De Portugezen verdreven van Sumatra, Deel 10 chapter 3 subch.3 : Java, in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
Portuguese Trade with Pearl Coast (S. India) Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en van de Portugezen overzee, Deel 10 chapter 3 subch.7 : De Tamil- of Parelvisserskust. Deel 11, chapter 3, subch.0 : De Visserijkust, Deel 16 chapter 3 subch.0 : De parelvisserij aan de Costa da Pescaria, in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
Portuguese Trade with Persia (Iran) The Portuguese in the Arabia Peninsula and the Persian Gulf, from Colonial Voyage (Marco Ramerini)
Qeshm Island, from Iran Chamber Society
Article : Ormus : History, Bandar Abbas : History, from Wikipedia
Peter B. Rowland, Essays on Hormuz
Article : Irao : Persia dos Safavidas, Afsharidas e Qadjars, Ormuz, from Wikipedia Portuguese Edition
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en van de Portugezen overzee, Deel 4 chapter 3 subch.4 : De kust van Oman; de aanval op Ormoez (1507-1508), Deel 5 chapter 6 subch.3 : Problemen bij de kolonisatie; betrekkingen met Perzië Deel 5, chapter 6, subch.6 : Bezetting van Ormoez; bondgenootschap met Perzië, Deel 16 chapter 2 subch.3 : De val van Ormoez, Deel 16 chapter 2 subch.1 : Expedities naar Perzië en China; de stad Goa en verlening van steun aan de Portugezen in Syriam, Deel 16 chapter 2 subch.2 : Een Perzisch gezantschap naar Europa; de capitaes gerais Dom Frei Aleixo de Menezes, Andre Furtado de Mendoça en Ruy Lourenço de Tavora (1607-1612), in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
Portuguese Trade with Siam (Thailand) A Brief Introduction to the Muslim Kingdom of Patani, from IHRC 2004
Portuguese Settlement, Ayutthaya, from Explo Guide
Ayutthaya, Capital of a Kingdom
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en de Portugezen, Deel 6 Chapter 7 subch. 7 Siam, Deel 10 Chapter 3 subch.9 Siam, Deel 12 Chapter 4 subch.1 Koning Phrachai van Siam, subch.2 Tabin Shweti's vergeefse poging Ayuthia te veroveren, subch.3, Opstand tegen en moord op Tabin Shweti, Deel 17 Chapter 3 subch.0, Portugezen en Hollanders in Siam, in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
Portuguese Trade with Surat, Northern Province History, from in Surat
Article : Suratte, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Portuguese Rule of Daman, Diu, from Daman Diu Tourism
The Portuguese in India: Northern Province, by Marco Ramerini
Article Diu, from EB 1911
Article Diu, Daman, from Imperial Gazetteer of India, posted by DSAL
History of Mumbai, from Mumbai Net
Baçaim, Bassein, Vasai, from Colonial Voyage (Marco Ramerini)
Article : Salsette Island : History, from Wikipedia
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en de Portugezen, Deel 4 chapter 3 subch.5, De zeeslag voor Chaul (1508), Deel 10 Chapter 2 subch.2, Het beleg van Diu. , in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
Portuguese Trade with Vietnam (Quinam/Annam, Tonkin, Cochinchina) Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en de Portugezen, Ch.17 ch.3 subch.1 Portugezen en Hollanders in Achter-Indië, in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
Institutions Forts & Factories Portuguese Fort Diu, from Indian Holiday
Article : Bassein Fort, from Wikipedia
Article : Forte de Nossa Senhora da Conceiçao de Ormuz, Fortaleza de Diu, Forte de Al-Jalali [Muscat], Forte de Al-Mirani [Muscat], Fortificaçoes de Macau, Forte Jesus de Monbaça, Ruinas de Kilwa Kisiwani e de Songo Mnara, Fortaleza de Mormugao, Qal'at al Bahrain, Fortaleza de Sao Sebastiao de Baçaim, Forte de Sao Joao Baptista de Ternate, Forte de Tiracol, from Wikipedia Portuguese Edition
Ships
Biographies Categoria : Vice-Reis da India Portuguesa, Navegadores de Portugal, Exploradores de Portugal, Almirantes de Portugal, from Wikipedia Portuguese Edition
Category : Portuguese Admirals, Viceroys of Portuguese India, from Wikipedia
Others

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen List of Colonial Heads of Portuguese India, from Wikipedia
Documents Archival Deposits
Constitutions, Laws
Treaties Biker, J.F.J., Collecçao de tratados e concertos de pazes que o estado da India Portugueza fez com os reis e senhores com quem teve relaçoes nas partes da Asia e Africa Oriental desde o principio da conquista ate ao fim do secolo XVIII. Lisboa, Imprensa Nacional, vol.1 1881, covering 1507-1643, posted on Internet Archive; vol.2 1882, covering 1604-1719, posted on Internet Archive; vol.3 1883, covering 1661-1739, posted on Internet Archive; vol.4 1884, covering 1510-1699, posted on Internet Archive; Vol.5 1885, covering 1606-1717, posted on Internet Archive; vol.6 1885, covering 1708-1750, posted on Internet Archive; vol.7 1885, covering 1753-1762, posted on Internet Archive; vol.8 1885. covering 1762-1794, posted by Internet Archive; vol.9 1885, covering 1790-1798, posted on Internet Archive; vol.10 1885, covering 1725-1840, posted on Internet Archive; vol.11 1886, covering 1799-1839, posted on Internet Archive; vol.12 1886, covering 1746-1851, posted on Internet Archive; vol.13 1887, covering 1719-1885, posted on Internet Archive
Document Surveys Ch.11 : De Scriptoribus Rerum Orientalium atque Asiaticarum, pp.230-263, Ch.12 : De Scriptoribus Rerum Africanarum et Americanarum, pp.263-273, in B.G. Struve, Selecta bibliotheca historica, 1705, in Latin, GB ; a catalogue of narrative historical sources
Cartularia Bullarium patronatus Portugalli?regum in Ecclesiis Afric? Asiae atque Oceaniae, vol.1 : 1171-1600, 1868, vol.2 : 1601-1700, 1861, in Latin, GB
Collecçao de monumentos ineditos para a historia das conquistas dos Portuguezes, em Africa, Asia e America, Seria I : Historia de Asia vol.1, 1858, vol.1 pt.2, 1859, vol.2 pt.1, 1860, vol.3 pt.1, 1862, vol.3 pt.2, 1863, vol.4 pt.1, 1864, vol.4 pt.2, 1866, vol.5, 1868, in Portuguese, GB
Chronicles Zayn al-Din Abd al-Aziz al-Malibari, Tohfut-ul-mujahideen an historical work in the Arabic language, Engl. trsl. by M.J. Rowlandson, 1833, GB
Excerpts from Tarikh-i Tahiri by Mir Tahir Muhammad Nasyani of Thatta (1621), posted by Infinity Foundation [on Portuguese sack of Thatta]
Joao Baptista Lavanha, Da Asia de Joao de Barros e de Diogo de Couto, vol.1 : Nova Edicao offerecida a Sua Magestade D. Maria I. Rainha Fidelissima , 1778 ; Da Asia de Diogo de Couto. Dos Feitos, que os Portugueses Fizeram na Conquista, e Descubrimento das Terras, e Mares do Oriente. vol.2 : Decada Primeira. Parte Segunda, 1777 ; vol.3 : Decada Segunda. Parte Primeira, 1777 ; vol.4 : Decada Segunda. Parte Segunda, 1777 ; vol.5 : Decada Terceira. Parte Primeira, 1777 ; vol.6 : Decada Terceira. Parte Segunda, 1777 ; vol.7 : Decada Quarta. Parte Primeira, 1777 ; vol.8 : Decada Quarta. Parte Segunda, 1777 ; vol.9 : Vida de Joao de Barros por Manoel Severim de Faria e Indice Geral das Quatro Decadas de sua Asia, 1778 ; Da Asia de Diogo de Couto. Dos Feitos, que os Portugueses Fizeram na Conquista, e Descubrimento das Terras, e Mares do Oriente. vol.10 : Decada Quarta. Parte Primeira, 1778 ; vol.11 : Decada Quarta. Parte Segunda, 1778 ; vol.12 : Decada Quinta. Parte Primeira, 1779 ; vol.13 : Decada Quinta. Parte Segunda, 1780 ; vol.14 : Decada Sexta. Parte Primeira, 1781 ; vol.15 : Decada Sexta. Parte Secunda, 1781 ; vol.16 : Decada Setima. Parte Primeira, 1782 ; vol.17 : Decada Setima. Parte Segunda, 1783 ; vol.18 : Decada Oitava., 1786 ; vol.19 : Decada Nona., 1786 ; vol.20 : . Decada Decima. Parte Primeira., 1788 ; vol.21 : Decada Decima. Parte Segunda., 1788 ; vol.22 : Decada Undecima da Asia. Dos Feitos, que os Portugueses Fizeram no Descubrimento dos Mares, e Conquistas das Terras do Oriente, Em Quanto Governaram a India, Manoel de Sousa Coutinho e Mathias de Alboquerque, supprindo a que falta de Diogo de Couto, Chronista, e Guarda Mor da Torre do Tombo do Estado da India, 1788 ; Da Asia de Diogo de Couto. Dos Feitos, que os Portugueses Fizeram na Conquista, e Descubrimento das Terras, e Mares do Oriente. vol.23 : Decada Duodecima, 1788, in Portuguese, GB
Document Collections
Historical Maps Atlas of Mutual Heritage, posted by Nationaalarchief
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Historical
Institutions Archives Goa Departmrent of Archives and Archaeology; Arquivos de Goa, by Fernanda de Camargo-Moro; Archives of Goa, from e-corpus
Arquivo Nacional da Torre do Tombo (Portuguese National Archives, Lisbon)
Musea Goa State Museum
Monuments Historical Monuments in Goa, from Goa Online
Libraries Goa Central Library
Travelogues Gaspar Correa, The Three Voyages of Vasco da Gama & His Viceroyalty (Hakluyt 1869) Elibron Classics 2005, KMLA Lib. all Sign 915.4 C824t
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms
Coins, Banknotes Bassein Coins, from Ezine
The Portuguese in Ceylon 1505-1658, from Ceylon Web
Rare Coins from Ceylon in the Collection of Jan van Lingen, from Lakdiva
Portuguese Currency 1511-1641, from The Malacca Early 15th Century

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on South Asia A.C. Burnell, A Tentative List of Books and Some Mss. Relating to the History of the Portuguese in India Proper (1880), posted on Internet Archive
Southeast Asia Publications, from Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Northern Illinois University
Monographs, from Yale University Council on Southeast Asian Studies
South East Asia Dissertations, click South East Asia, Indonesia
McGill Southeast Asian Studies (theses), search for Indonesia
Bibliography of Portuguese Colonial History : India 16th-18th C, from Colonial Voyage (Marco Ramerini)
Itinerario cumulative index 2003-
Events List : Tanat Workshops, from TANAP
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
e-corpus
Gallica
Biblioteca Nacional Digital, from Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal
on South Asia Digital Library of India
South East Asia Digital Library (project)
South East Asia Visions, at Cornell
Leiden University Repository (NL, Open Access)
Search Narcis (server for theses from the Netherlands) for V.O.C.
Biblioteca Digital, Memorias de Africa e do Oriente
Online Journals Journal of Asian History, index of articles
South East Asia Journals, from ELIN-NIAS; Indonesia Journals, from ELIN-NIAS; Electronic Journals Online
Journal of Southeast Asian History 1960-1969, Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 2009-, from Cambridge Journals Online (require registration)
ASEAS (Austrian Journal of South East Asian Studies), open access, 2008-
Asia Insights, from NIAS, 2002-
General Accounts Nicholas Tarling, The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia, 4 vol.s, Cambridge : UP (1992) 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign. 959 T188c
Om Prakash, European Commercial Enterprise in Pre-Colonial India, The New Cambridge History of India, Cambridge : UP 1998
M.N. Pearson, The Portuguese in India, Cambridge : UP 1987 [G]
Denis L. Cottineau de Kloguen, An Historical Sketch of Goa, (1831) Reprint of Reprint of 1910, New Delhi : Asian Educational Services 1995 [G]; here online edition from Internet Archive
on Special Topics Charles J. Borges, The Economics of the Goa Jesuits, New Delhi : Concept Publishing 1994 [G]
A.K. Priolkar, The Terrible Tribunal for the East : The Goa Inquisition, New Delhi : Voice of Delhi 1961 [G]
P.S. Varde, History of Education in Goa from 1510 to the Present Day, Panaji : Goa Vidya Pratishthan 1977 [G]
S.G. Perera, The Jesuits in Ceylon, New Delhi : (1941) Asian Educational Services 2004 [G]
on Specific Regions K.S. Mathew, Portuguese and the Sultanate of Gujarat, Delhi : Mittal 1986 [G]
Historical Dictionaries