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Madras Presidency Bombay Presidency
First posted on May 25th 2010







In the 17th and into the 18th century the E.I.C. held a number of small trade factories in the territories of modern Orissa and West Bengal. In consequence of the Battles of Plassey 1759 and Buxar 1765, the E.I.C. established control over Bengal, Bihar and Orissa (the territory previously ruled by the Nawab of Bengal). This territorial complex was organized into the Bengal Presidency with its administrative center at Calcutta (Kolkata). The E.I.C. applied a dual concept of administration, a combination of direct rule and indirect rule (the Princely States).
Major acquisitions included Assam, Arakan and Tenasserim in 1826, the North-Western Provinces (Agra) in 1831, the Punjab in 1849, Lower Burma in 1852, Oudh (Awadh) in 1856, Upper Burma in 1886.
The rapid expansion of Bengal Presidency required administrative reorganization. As provinces within Bengal Presidency were formed : North-Western Provinces 1831 (newly acquired), Punjab 1849 (newly acquired), United Provinces of Agra and Oudh 1856 (merger of North-Western Provinces and newly acquired Oudh), Ajmer-Merwara 1871 (separated from United Provinces of Agra and Oudh), Burma in 1886, North-West Frontier Province 1901, East Bengal and Assam 1906, Bihar and Orissa in 1912, Assam 1912 (carved out of East Bengal and Assam), Bengal 1912, Delhi 1912 (carved out of Punjab), Aden 1932, Bihar 1935 (carved out of Bihar and Orissa), Orissa 1935 (carved out of Bihar and Orissa).
Completely separated from Bengal Presidency were Straits Settlements in 1867, Aden, Burma in 1937.

Historical Atlas, Bangladesh, India since 1947, Pakistan, South Asia Pages

see also EIC India for the history of India under the E.I.C., 1759-1858, British India for the history of British India 1858-1947






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DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Current from Wikipedia
Historical E. Backhouse Eastwick, Handbook of the Bengal Presidency (1882), posted on Internet Archive
S. Playne et al., Bengal and Assam, Behar and Orissa : their History, People, Commerce, and Industrial Resources (1917), posted on Internet Archive
Links General
on History Category : History of Bengal, History of Kolkata from Wikipedia
Organizations
Historical Dictionary Gorkhapedia
Banglapedia
Timelines
Accounts of History Current Article History of Bengal; Bengal Presidency, from Wikipedia
Historical Ghulam Husayn Zaydpuri, A History of Bengal (1902), posted on Internet Archive
E. Lethbridge, An Easy Introduction to the History and Geography of Bengal (1874), posted on Internet Archive
Specific Periods D.G. Yogendra-Natha, Bengal in the Sixteenth Century (1914), posted on Internet Archive
J.A. Bourdillon, Bengal under the Muhammadans (1902), posted on Internet Archive
M. Saleem Allah, A Narrative of the Transactions in Bengal, during the Soobahdaries of Azeem us Shan, Jaffer Khan, Shuja Khan, Sirafraz Khan and Alyvirdy Khan (1788), posted on Internet Archive
J. Scott, A Narrative of the Transactions in Bengal during the Administration of Mr. Hastings (1784), posted on Internet Archive
Ch.E. Buckland, Bengal under the Lieutenant-Governors (1901), posted on Internet Archive
The Administration of Bengal under Sir Andrew Fraser 1903-1908 (1908), posted on Internet Archive
Article Partition of Bengal (1905), from Wikipedia
Politics Articles Bengal Provincial Congress, Muslim League (Bengal Provincial), Bengal Moslem Council Party, Bengal Muslim Party, from Banglapedia
Article Election, Constitutional Development, from Banglapedia
Articles The Council, Bengal Pact (1923), from Banglapedia
West Bengal Legislative Assembly, Assam Legislative Assembly, from Legislative Bodies in India, both have pre-partition history
S.Ch. Mitra, The Land Law of Bengal (with Behar and Orissa) (1921), posted on Internet Archive
Military A. Broome, History of the Rise and Progress of the Bengal Army (1850), posted on Internet Archive
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Bangladesh
Article Modern Banking System, from Banglapedia
Opium Cultivation in Bengal, from Banglapedia
Articles Jute, Jute Industry, from Banglapedia
Articles Plantation Forestry, Tea, Tea Industry, from Banglapedia
Iftekhar Iqbal, The Sundarbanms Forest Systems in Bangladesh : Indigenous Response to Capitalist Enterprises and the Pattern of Colonial Control, c.1830-1905, IEHC 2006
Bengal Textiles, International Cloth, from China National Textile and Apparel Council
P. Kilgour, T. Woodhouse, The Jute Industry : from Seed to Finished Cloth (1921), posted by Gutenberg Library Online
Social History Labour
Education Pr.Ch. Sinha, The Problem of Education in Bengal (1941), posted on Internet Archive
M.A. Huque, History and Problems of Moslem Education in Bengal (1917), posted on Internet Archive
Nutrition and Famine T.K. Dutt, Hungry Bengal (1944), posted on Internet Archive
Disturbances G.B. Malleson, The Mutiny of the Bengal Army, An Historical Narrative (1857), posted on Internet Archive
Scandalous Practices J. Peggs, India's Cries to British Humanity, Relative to the Suttee, Infanticide, Britisch Connexion with Idolatry, Ghaut Murders and Slavery in India, 1830, GB
The Connexion of the East-India Company's Government with the Superstitious and Idolatrous Customs and Rites of the Natives of India, 1838, GB
East India Slavery, pp.148-154 in Th. Price, Slavery in America : with Notices of the Present State of Slavery and the Slave Trade throughout the World, 1837, GB
Ethnography Bengali Language, from I Love India; History of Bangla Language, from Bangla Online
Article Bangla Language, from Banglapedia
Article Armenians, from Banglapedia
Presidency of Bengal, pp.468-492 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Religion Temples of Bengal, from Temple Net; from Art History, UPenn (images)
Archdiocese of Calcutta, Diocese of Dacca, Diocese of Krishnagar, from Catholic Hierarchy
St. Mary's JSO Church, Calcutta, from Syrian Orthodox Archdiocese
Article Bishop of Calcutta (Anglican), from Wikipedia
Eyre Chatterton, A History of the Church of England in India since the Early Days of the East India Company (1924)
History of Regions Article Chota Nagpur Division, East Bengal, Rajshahi Division, Chittagong Division, Dhaka Division, Khulna Division, Barisal Division (Bakerganj), Districts of West Bengal, from Wikipedia
Local History History of Dhaka (Dacca), from Wikipedia
History of Chittagong, from Banglapedia
History of Kolkata (Calcutta), from Wikipedia, from Calcutta Web
History of Darjeeling, from Wikipedia
History of Chandannagar (Chandernagore), from Wikipedia
History of Bardhaman (Burdwan), from Wikipedia
Article Serampore, from Wikipedia
Institutions History, from University of Calcutta
The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, from Railways as World Heritage Sites, by A. Coulls; DHR History, from DHRSA; A Himalayan Loop Line, from Mike's Railway History; K.I. Iqbal, Railways and the Water Regime of the Eastern Bengal Delta, c.1905-1943
History, from Northeastern Frontier Railway
East Indian Railway, Eastern Bengal Railway, from Banglapedia
Culture Online Publications on the History of Bengali Architecture, posted by ArchNet
Article : Architecture of Bengal, from Wikipedia
Article : Bangla Literature, Bangla Script, Bangabda (Bengal Calendar), from Banglapedia
E.B. Baker, Sport in Bengal (1887), posted on Internet Archive
Biographies
Others Anne Hardgrove, Community and Public Culture. The Marwaris in Calcutta, c. 1897-1997, diss. Columbia UP n.d.

DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen Provinces of British India, from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon)
Civil and Military Servants E. Dodwell, Alphabetical list of the honourable East India Company's Bengal civil servants, from the year 1780 to the year 1838, 1839, GB
The India list and India Office list 1819, GB
The East-India Register and Directory 1821, 1823, 1825, 1828, 1829, 1842, 1843, GB
The East-India Register and Army List, 1844, 1845, 1846, 1847, 1849, 1851, 1852, 1853, 1857, 1859, GB
The Indian Army and Civil Service List, 1869, GB
Population Figures History of the Population of India by Province, from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer; scroll down for Bengal
R.B. Roy, Population of the Province of Bengal, 1751-1801
Documents Historical Newspapers
Yearbooks Bengal Almanach 1827, 1829, 1851 GB
Image Databanks Tuck's Calcutta, from Early Postcards of India and Ceylon
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK)
Search Janus
India Office Records : Family History Sources : Bengal Presidency, from British Library
Bengal Presidency - LDS Microfilms, from Family History in India
Descriptive List of Secret Department Records, 1784, National Archives of India, GB
Article : Calendar of Persian Correspondence, from Banglapedia
Constitutions, Laws D. Dale, Alphabetical index to the regulations of government for the whole of the Territories under the Presidency of Fort William in Bengal, 1830, GB
A Penal Code Prepared by the Indian Law Commissioners, 1837, GB
Treaties A Collection of Treaties, Engagements, and Sunnuds, Relating to India and Neighbouring Countries, GB : The Treaties vol.1 : relating to Bengal, Burmah, and the Eastern Archipelago, 1862, (vol.3 not on Google Books, on May 25th 2010), vol.2 : relating to the N.W. Provinces, Oudh, Nipal, the Punjab and the States of the Punjab Frontier, 1863, vol.4 : relating to Rajpootana, Central India, and Malwa, 1864
Document Collections A calendar of Indian state papers : Secret series. Fort William, 1774-75, 1864, GB
Historical Maps Map : Bengal Presidency 1858, from Wikipedia
Maps : India 1795, India 1805, India 1823, India 1848, Expansion of British Bengal, British Burma, (Joppen 1907) from Wikipedia
Maps : India 1765, India 1837, India 1857 (Imperial Gazetteer 1908), from Wikipedia
Map India 1937, from Find my Past
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Article Bengalen, Kalkutta, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article Bengal, Dacca, Calcutta, Hugli, Chandernagore, Serampur, Chittagong, Eastern Bengal and Assam, Mymensingh, Faridpur, Backergunje, Noakhali, Rajshahi, Dinajpur, Jalpaiguri, Rangpur, Bogra, Pabna, Malda, Burdwan, Rajshahi, Calcutta, Darjeeling, from EB 1911
Religious Article Dacca, Archdiocese of Calcutta, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1908 edition; Article Archdiocese of Calcutta, from Catholic Encyclopedia
Economic Bengale, pp.38-40 in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
Entry : Calcuta, pp.681-684, Bengalen, pp.688-690 in : J.F. Lange et al., Übersicht und Berechnung aller Münzen, Ellenmaasse und Handelsgewichte von allen Welttheilen, 1804, in German, GB
Geographical E.G. Balfour, The cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, commercial, industrial, and scientific; products of the mineral, vegetable, and animal kingdoms, useful arts and manufactures (1885), vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, posted on Internet Archive; search for Bengal
Article Bengal, Eastern Bengal and Assam, Burdwan Division, Presidency Division, Rajshahi Division, Calcutta, Cooch Behar State, Darjeeling District, from Imperial Gazetteer of India (1909), posted by DSAL
Historical
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
House of Lords, Sessional Papers, 1801-1833, vol.61 1812-1813, GB
Tour Guides J.C. Marshman, A Guide to Bengal (1850), posted on Internet Archive
J.B. Seely, The road book of India 1825, GB
Forbes, East India and colonial guide 1841, GB
Anglo-Hindustanee Handbook 1850, GB
E.B. Eastwick, A handbook for India 1859, GB
Travelogues J.D. Hooker, Himalayan Journals (1854, on Nepal, Sikkim, Bengal, Khasi Hills), posted by Gutenberg Library Online
Residence Memoirs
Institutions Archives Article Archives, from Banglapedia
Musea
Monuments
Libraries Libraries in Bangladesh, from LibDex
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms
Coins, Banknotes Nick Rhodes, The First E.I.C. Copper Coins of Bengal, posted by Onsnumis
Article Coins, from Banglapedia

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on India Indcat, Online Uinion Catalogue of Indian Universities, from INFLIBNET, click Union Database
D. Ludden, Bibliography on South Asian Agrarian History (c.1990)
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
e-corpus
International Boundary Studies
Gallica
Search DBNG for Bengalen etc.
Center for Research Libraries (CRL)
on India Digital Library of India
Online Journals Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, vol.1, 1832, vol.3, 1834, vol.4, 1835, vol.5, 1836, vol.6 pt.1, 1837, vol.6 pt.2, 1837, vol.7 pt.1, 1838, vol.7 pt.2, 1838, vol.9 pt.2, 1840, vol.10 pt.1, 1841, vol.10 pt.2, 1841, vol.11 pt.1, 1842, vol.11 pt.2, 1842, vol.12 pt.1, 1843, vol.12 pt.2, 1843, vol.13 pt.1, 1844, vol.13 pt.2, 1844, vol.14 pt.1, 1845, vol.14 pt.2, 1845, vol.15, 1846, vol.16 pt.1, 1847, vol.16 pt.2, 1847, vol.17 pt.1, 1848, vol.17 pt.2, 1848, vol.18 pt.1, 1849, vol.18 pt.2, 1849, vol.19, 1851, vol.20, 1852, vol.21, 1853, vol.22, 1854, vol.23, 1855, vol.26, 1858, vol.27, 1859, vol.28, 1859, vol.29, 1861, vol.31, 1863, vol.32, 1864, vol.33, 1865, vol.36, 1867, vol.37 pt.1, 1868, vol.37 pt.2, 1868, vol.38 pt.1, 1869, GB
Online Yearbooks East-India Register and Directory 1819, GB
General Accounts Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.14, pp.711-720 Article Bangladesh. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.14
Specific Topics P.J. Marshall, Bengal : The British Bridgehead. Eastern India 1740-1828, The New Cambridge History of India II.2, Cambridge : UP (1987) 2006, KMLA Lib.Sign. 954 M367b, [G]
Historical Dictionaries C. Baxter & E. Rahman, Historical Dictionary of Bangladesh, Lanham Md. 4th edition : Scarecrow 2004