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Bengal Presidency Madras Presidency
First posted on December 2nd 2008, last revised on June 1st 2010







England acquired Bombay from Portugal in 1661 and leased it to the East India Company in 1668. Bombay became one of the E.I.C.'s three administrative centers in India - Calcutta and Madras being the other two. The area administrated from Bombay, the Bombay Presidency, roughly covers the modern states of Sindh (Pakistan), Gujarat and western Maharashtra (Republic of India). The Bombay Presidency consisted of territory under direct British administration (Sindh, Gujarat, Deccan and Carnatic Divisions) and of a number of princely states where indirect rule applied.
When the possessions of the E.I.C. were transferred to the British Colonial Office, forming British India, in 1858, the administrative structure (Presidencies) remained intact.
In 1936, Sindh was separated from Bombay Presidency, to form a separate province. Upon the independence of the Republic of India, the Bombay Presidency became Bombay State, which was split in 1960 into the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra.

Successor States : Maharashtra, Gujarat, Sindh

See also East India Company-ruled India 1759-1858, British India 1858-1947, Republic of India since 1947, Pakistan since 1947
Click here for the History of the Mughal Empire, of the Maratha Federation







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DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Current Article : Bombay Presidency, from Wikipedia
Historic
Links on History Category : History of Maharashtra, History of Gujarat, History of Sindh, from Wikipedia
Organizations Asiatic Society of Mumbai
Historical Dictionaries E. Thornton, A Gazetteer of the territories under the government of the East India Company and of the Native States on the Continent of India, 1858, GB
Gazetteer of Bombay Presidency, vol.1 pt.1 History of Gujarat, vol.2 Gujarat, Surat and Broach, vol.3 Kaira and Panch Mahals, vol.4 Ahmedabad, vol.5 Cutch, Palanpur, Mahi Kantha, vol.6 Rewa Kantha, Nurukot, Cambay and Surat, vol.8 Kathiawar, vol.9 pt.1, vol.9 pt.2, Gujarat Population, vol.10 Ratnagiri and Savantvadi, vol.11 Kolaba and Janjira, vol.12 Khandesh and Mehwa Estates, vol.13 pt.1, vol.13 pt.2 Thana, vol.14 Thana, vol.15 pt.1, vol.15 pt.2 Kanara, vol.16 Nasaik and Surgana, vol.17 Ahmednagar, vol.18 pt.1, vol.18 pt.2, vol.18 pt.3 Poona, vol.19 Satara, vol.20 Sholapur and Akalkot, vol.21 Belgaum, vol.22 Dharvar and Savanur, vol.23 Bijapur, Jath and Daflapur, vol.24 Kolhapur and the Southern Mahratta Jachirs, vol.25 Botany, posted on Internet Archive
Imperial Gazetteer of India 1908-1931, posted by DSAL
Timelines
Accounts of History Current Article : Bombay Presidency, from Wikipedia
Historical R.M. Martin, History of the British Colonies, vol.1 : Possessions in Asia, 1834, GB
E.Ch. Cox, A short history of the Bombay Presidency (1887), posted on Internet Archive
Specific Periods Sh.A. Khan, Anglo Portuguese negotiations relating to Bombay, 1660-1677 (1922), posted on Internet Archive
R. Strachey, Keigwin's rebellion, (1683-4), an episode in the history of Bombay (1916), posted on Internet Archive
Ph. Anderson, The English in western India; being the early history of the factory at Surat, of Bombay, and the subordinate factories on the western coast. From the earliest period until the commencement of the eighteenth century. Drawn from authentic works and original documents (1854), posted on Internet Archive
Administration A. Rogers, The Land Revenue of Bombay: A History of Its Administration, Rise, and Progress (1892), posted on Internet Archive
Ph.B.M. Malabari, Bombay in the making : being mainly a history of the origin and growth of judicial institutions in the Western Presidency, 1661-1726 (1910), IA
Military
Economy & Finances Article : List of South Asian Stock Exchanges, Bombay, Calcutta, Ahmdabad, Madras, Hyderabad, from Wikipedia
D.E. Wacha, A Financial Chapter in the History of Bombay City (1910), posted on Internet Archive
Electricity in India : being a history of the Tata hydro-electric project with notes on the mill industry in Bombay (1912), posted on Internet Archive
Social History castes State of Vaccination in the Bombay Presidency, pp.592-596 in The Lancet, 1834, GB; pp.593-594 have a rough description of the class division (8 classes)
nutrition Bombay Presidency, Office of the Inspector General for Prisons, Report on the diet of prisoners and of the industrial and labouring classes 1865, GB
issues R.P. Jehangir, A Short history of the lives of Bombay opium smokers (1890), posted on Internet Archive
J. Wilson, History of the suppression of infanticide in western India under the government of Bombay (1855), posted on Internet Archive
L.S. Vishwanath, Efforts of Colonial State to Suppress Female Infanticide: Use of Sacred Texts, Generation of Knowledge, Economic and Political Weekly 33 (19) May 9, 1998, pp.1104-1112
J. Peggs, India's Cries to British Humanity, Relative to the Suttee, Infanticide, Britisch Connexion with Idolatry, Ghaut Murders and Slavery in India, 1830, GB
The Connexion of the East-India Company's Government with the Superstitious and Idolatrous Customs and Rites of the Natives of India, 1838, GB
East India Slavery, pp.148-154 in Th. Price, Slavery in America : with Notices of the Present State of Slavery and the Slave Trade throughout the World, 1837, GB
Ethnography Articles Maharashtri, Konkani, Gujarati, Sindhi, from Wikipedia
Ethnologue : India, Pakistan
Presidency of Bombay, pp.495-498 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Religion Article Parsi, Jainism in Mumbai, Maharashtrian Christian, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bombay : History, from Wikipedia
Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : India, from Kirken i Norge
The Virtual Jewish History Tour : India
History of Regions See files on the history of modern states of India/Pakistan : Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Sindh
Th. Marshall, Statistical reports on the Pergunnahs of Padshapoor, Belgam, Kalaniddee and Chandgurh, Khanapoor, Bagulkot and Badamy, and Hoondgoond, in the Southern Mahratta Country, 1822, GB
Local History Articles History of Mumbai (Bombay), History of Pune (Poona), History of Ahmedabad, History of Karachi, History of Hyderabad, Pakistan, Surat : History
Institutions Article University of Mumbai (of 1857), from Wikipedia
Article Mumbai Stock Exchange (of 1875), from Wikipedia
Port Profile, from Mumbai Port Trust
Culture
Biographies J.W. Kaye, The life and correspondence of Major-General Sir John Malcolm, G. C. B., late envoy to Persia, and governor of Bombay (1856), vol.1, vol.2, posted on Internet Archive
Others

DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen World Statesmen : Bombay Presidency, by Ben Cahoon
Civil and Military Servants The India list and India Office list 1819, GB
The East-India Register and Directory 1821, 1823, 1825, 1828, 1829, 1842, 1843, GB
The East-India Register and Army List, 1844, 1845, 1846, 1847, 1849, 1851, 1852, 1853, 1857, 1859, GB
The Indian Army and Civil Service List, 1869, GB
Population Figures Digital Colonial Documents (India) at La Trobe; many censi
Documents Historical Newspapers Search Papers Past for Bombay Presidency (Collection of New Zealand Newspapers 1839-1920)
Yearbooks The Bombay Calendar and Almanach 1842, 1856, GB
Image Databanks Search Scripophily for Bombay
India : Bombay, Calcutta, Cawnpore, Delhi, Madras, from Tram Views of Asia
Historic Picture Postcards, from Postcardman, commercial site; Clifton & Co.'s Bombay, Johnny Store's Karachi, from Early Postcards of India and Ceylon
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK)
Search Janus (catalogues of archives and manuscript collections held throughout Cambridge)
India Office Records, Home Miscellaneous Series 1600-1900, published by ProQuest
India Office Records, India Office elect Materials, held at the British Library
Search ARCHIEVEN.NL for Bombay
Land Settlement Reports, Bombay Presidency
Constitutions, Laws A Penal Code Prepared by the Indian Law Commissioners, 1837, GB
A General Code of the Military Regulations in Force under the Presidency of Bombay 1824, GB
R. West, A Digest of Hindu Law, from the Replies of the Shastris in the Bombay Presidency, vol.1 : Inheritance, 1867, vol.2 : Partition, 1869, GB
Treaties
Document Collections Digital Colonial Documents (India posted at La Trobe Univ.
Documents for the history of India, from Project South Asia; Indian History Sourcebook
B.A. Gupta, Selections from the historical records of the hereditary minister of Baroda, consisting of letters from Bombay, Baroda, Poona and Satara governments (1922), posted on Internet Archive
E. Moor (ed.), A Compilation of all the Government and General - Government - General - Brigade and Garrison Orders - Minutes of Council - Commands of the Hon. Company - or Regulations, from whatever Authority Promulgated, from the year 1750 to 31st of July 1801, that are now in force and operating on the discipline or expoenditure of the Bombay Army , 1801, GB
Historical Maps Maps : Bombay Presidency 1909, Northern Half Bombay Presidency 1909, Southern Half, (J.G. Bartholomew/Imperial Gazetteer of India), posted by DSAL
Historical Maps of India, links from Rootsweb
Schwartzberg, Historical Atlas of South Asia, posted by DSAL
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Retro Bibliothek, search Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, Brockhaus Konversationslexikon 1893-1897 for India-related articles, in German
Classic Encyclopedia (Online edition of Encyclopaedia Britannica 1911 edition), Articles Bombay Presidency, Divisions : Gujarat, Deccan, Carnatic, Sind, Cities : Bombay City, Poona, Ahmedabad, Surat, Karachi, Hyderabad, Princely States : Baroda, Cutch, Palanpur, Mahi Kantha, Rewa Kantha, Kathiawar Agency, Kolhapur, Akalkot, Bhor, Jath
Religious Article Bombay, Poona, Parsis, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1908 edition
Economic Bombay, pp.54-55 in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
Entry : Surate, pp.664-668, Bombay, p.671 in : J.F. Lange et al., Übersicht und Berechnung aller Münzen, Ellenmaasse und Handelsgewichte von allen Welttheilen, 1804, in German, GB
Ch. Pope, The yearly journal of trade, 1837-8 : comprising laws of customs and excise, treaties and conventions with foreign powers, tariffs of United Kingdom, Russia, Monte Video ... parliamentary speeches and papers, proclamations, orders in Council and of government boards, reports of law cases, translations of foreign documents (1838), posted on Internet Archive, on Bombay pp.286-292
Ottomar Haupt, Währungs-Politik und Münz-Statistik, Berlin : Walther & Apolant 1884, in German, posted by DTBSWS, chapter Indien
E.G. Balfour, The cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, commercial, industrial, and scientific; products of the mineral, vegetable, and animal kingdoms, useful arts and manufactures (1885), vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, posted on Internet Archive; search for Bombay Presidency
Geographical Article : Bombay, pp.83-84 in J. Conder, A Dictionary of Geography, Ancient and Modern, 1834, GB
Article : Bombay, pp.68-69 in vol.2 of G.N. Wright, A New and Comprehensive Gazetteer, 1835, GB
Historical
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues J. Clunes, Itinerary and directory for Western India 1826, GB
J.B. Seely, The road book of India 1825, GB
Forbes, East India and colonial guide 1841, GB
Anglo-Hindustanee Handbook 1850, GB
E.B. Eastwick, A handbook for India 1859, GB
J. Murray, A Handbook for India, Pt.2 : Bombay 1859, GB
G. Bradshaw, Bradshaw's hand-book to the Bombay presidency and North-western provinces of India, 1864, GB
Routes and stages in Scinde, to and from Guzerat, Cutch, Jeysulmeer and Joudpour 1846, GB
Institutions Archives National Archives of India
National Archives of Pakistan
Musea
Monuments
Libraries
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies) (site in German, most titles listed in English; numerous entries; publications mostly since 1970)
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on India Indcat, Online Union Catalogue of Indian Universities, from INFLIBNET, click Union Database
D. Ludden, Bibliography on South Asian Agrarian History (c.1990)
Catalogue of native publications in the Bombay presidency up to 31st December 1864 1867, IA
Online Libraries general Project Gutenberg, Online Catalogue, keywords Ceylon
Internet Archive
e-corpus
Center for Research Libraries (CRL)
on India Digital Library of India
History of India Digital Library
Online Journals Transactions of the Literary Society of Bombay, vol.1, 1819, vol.2, 1820, vol.3, 1823, GB
Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, vol.1, 1836, vol.2, 1838, vol.3, 1840, vol.4, 1840, vol.5, 1840, vol.6, 1844, vol.7, 1846, vol.8, 1849, vol.9, 1850, vol.10, 1852, vol.11, 1854, vol.12, 1856, vol.13, 1857, vol.14, 1859, vol.15, 1860, vol.16, 1863, vol.17, 1865, Index to vols.1-17, 1866, vol.18, 1869, GB
Online Yearbooks East-India Register and Directory 1819, GB
General Accounts
Specific Topics Nawaz B. Mody, The Parsis in Western India, 1818 to 1920, Bombay : Allied Publishers 1998 [G]
Atlasses Gordon Johnson, Cultural Atlas of India, NY : Facts on File 1996, 240 pp., illustrated, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 954 J66c